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Religious pluralism and organizational diversity: an empirical test in the city of Zwolle, the Netherlands, 1851–1914

(2012) SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION. 73(2). p.150-173
Author
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Abstract
This study addresses the question as to why there are so many different kinds of organizations. It puts forth the general proposition that organizational diversity in a community is isomorphic to the heterogeneity of the composition of its population. Given that religion is a fundamental category of identity and association, with potentially far-reaching implications for social structure, we focus on religious pluralism. By linking religious pluralism to organizational diversity for the first time our study contributes to both the sociology of religion and organizational ecology. We propose that religious pluralism spurs organizational diversity, and vice versa. Specifically, denominational pluralism may drive community differentiation with respect to the supply of and demand for different products and services, which ultimately determines community-level organizational diversity. Second, organizational diversity might trigger immigration of people from specific religious denominations, so affecting the community's religious composition in turn. We empirically explore this reciprocal relationship with detailed time series data for the Dutch city of Zwolle in the 1851–1914 period. Our exploratory findings are consistent with our proposition. Avenues for further research are discussed in relationship with some of the limitations of our exploratory case study.
Keywords
GROWTH, FORMS, COMMUNITY, ECOLOGY, COINTEGRATION, STRATIFICATION, religious pluralism, organizational diversity, Zwolle, Netherlands, nineteenth century

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Chicago
Boone, Christophe, Aleid Brouwer, Jan Jacobs, Arjen van Witteloostuijn, and Matthijs de Zwaan. 2012. “Religious Pluralism and Organizational Diversity: An Empirical Test in the City of Zwolle, the Netherlands, 1851–1914.” Sociology of Religion 73 (2): 150–173.
APA
Boone, Christophe, Brouwer, A., Jacobs, J., van Witteloostuijn, A., & de Zwaan, M. (2012). Religious pluralism and organizational diversity: an empirical test in the city of Zwolle, the Netherlands, 1851–1914. SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION, 73(2), 150–173.
Vancouver
1.
Boone C, Brouwer A, Jacobs J, van Witteloostuijn A, de Zwaan M. Religious pluralism and organizational diversity: an empirical test in the city of Zwolle, the Netherlands, 1851–1914. SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION. 2012;73(2):150–73.
MLA
Boone, Christophe, Aleid Brouwer, Jan Jacobs, et al. “Religious Pluralism and Organizational Diversity: An Empirical Test in the City of Zwolle, the Netherlands, 1851–1914.” SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 73.2 (2012): 150–173. Print.
@article{2997308,
  abstract     = {This study addresses the question as to why there are so many different kinds of organizations. It puts forth the general proposition that organizational diversity in a community is isomorphic to the heterogeneity of the composition of its population. Given that religion is a fundamental category of identity and association, with potentially far-reaching implications for social structure, we focus on religious pluralism. By linking religious pluralism to organizational diversity for the first time our study contributes to both the sociology of religion and organizational ecology. We propose that religious pluralism spurs organizational diversity, and vice versa. Specifically, denominational pluralism may drive community differentiation with respect to the supply of and demand for different products and services, which ultimately determines community-level organizational diversity. Second, organizational diversity might trigger immigration of people from specific religious denominations, so affecting the community's religious composition in turn. We empirically explore this reciprocal relationship with detailed time series data for the Dutch city of Zwolle in the 1851--1914 period. Our exploratory findings are consistent with our proposition. Avenues for further research are discussed in relationship with some of the limitations of our exploratory case study.},
  author       = {Boone, Christophe and Brouwer, Aleid and Jacobs, Jan and van Witteloostuijn, Arjen and de Zwaan, Matthijs},
  issn         = {1069-4404},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION},
  keyword      = {GROWTH,FORMS,COMMUNITY,ECOLOGY,COINTEGRATION,STRATIFICATION,religious pluralism,organizational diversity,Zwolle,Netherlands,nineteenth century},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {150--173},
  title        = {Religious pluralism and organizational diversity: an empirical test in the city of Zwolle, the Netherlands, 1851--1914},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srr034},
  volume       = {73},
  year         = {2012},
}

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