Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children

Inge Huybrechts UGent, Willem De Keyzer UGent, Yi Lin UGent, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Carine Vereecken UGent, Herman Van Oyen UGent, Katrien Tilleman UGent, Mia Bellemans UGent, Mieke De Maeyer UGent and Gui De Backer UGent, et al. (2012) PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 15(6). p.1039-1046
abstract
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate dietary sources of Na and K intakes among Flemish pre-school children using multiple linear regression analyses. Design: Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to Na and K intakes of fifty-seven food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals. Setting: A random cluster sampling design at the level of schools, stratified by province and age, was used. Subjects: A representative sample of 696 Flemish pre-school children aged 2.5-6.5 years was recruited. Results: Mean Na intake was above and mean K intake was largely below the recommendation for children. Bread (22%) and soup (13%) were main contributors to Na intake followed by cold meat cuts and other meat products (12% and 11%, respectively). Sugared milk drinks, fried potatoes, milk and fruit juices were the main K sources (13%, 12%, 11% and 11%, respectively). Although Na and K intakes were positively correlated, several food categories showed Na:K intake ratio well above one (water, cheeses, soup, butter/margarine, fast foods and light beverages) whereas others presented a ratio well below one (oil & fat, fruits & juices, potatoes, vegetables and hot beverages). Conclusions: Flemish pre-school children had too high Na and too low K intakes. The finding that main dietary sources of Na and K are clearly different indicates the feasibility of simultaneously decreasing Na and increasing K intake among children.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Dietary sources, Sodium, Potassium, Child, CHILDHOOD, ADOLESCENTS, HYPERTENSION, POPULATION, SALT, ENERGY, DIETARY-INTAKE, BLOOD-PRESSURE, TRIALS, TRACKING
journal title
PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION
Public Health Nutr.
volume
15
issue
6
pages
1039 - 1046
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000304742200013
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
2.25 (2012)
JCR rank
47/157 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
1368-9800
DOI
10.1017/S1368980011002497
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2975683
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2975683
date created
2012-08-28 11:09:48
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:13:09
@article{2975683,
  abstract     = {Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate dietary sources of Na and K intakes among Flemish pre-school children using multiple linear regression analyses. 
Design: Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to Na and K intakes of fifty-seven food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals. 
Setting: A random cluster sampling design at the level of schools, stratified by province and age, was used. 
Subjects: A representative sample of 696 Flemish pre-school children aged 2.5-6.5 years was recruited. 
Results: Mean Na intake was above and mean K intake was largely below the recommendation for children. Bread (22\%) and soup (13\%) were main contributors to Na intake followed by cold meat cuts and other meat products (12\% and 11\%, respectively). Sugared milk drinks, fried potatoes, milk and fruit juices were the main K sources (13\%, 12\%, 11\% and 11\%, respectively). Although Na and K intakes were positively correlated, several food categories showed Na:K intake ratio well above one (water, cheeses, soup, butter/margarine, fast foods and light beverages) whereas others presented a ratio well below one (oil \& fat, fruits \& juices, potatoes, vegetables and hot beverages). 
Conclusions: Flemish pre-school children had too high Na and too low K intakes. The finding that main dietary sources of Na and K are clearly different indicates the feasibility of simultaneously decreasing Na and increasing K intake among children.},
  author       = {Huybrechts, Inge and De Keyzer, Willem and Lin, Yi and Vandevijvere, Stefanie and Vereecken, Carine and Van Oyen, Herman and Tilleman, Katrien and Bellemans, Mia and De Maeyer, Mieke and De Backer, Gui and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {1368-9800},
  journal      = {PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {Dietary sources,Sodium,Potassium,Child,CHILDHOOD,ADOLESCENTS,HYPERTENSION,POPULATION,SALT,ENERGY,DIETARY-INTAKE,BLOOD-PRESSURE,TRIALS,TRACKING},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1039--1046},
  title        = {Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011002497},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Huybrechts, Inge, Willem De Keyzer, Yi Lin, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Carine Vereecken, Herman Van Oyen, Katrien Tilleman, et al. 2012. “Food Sources and Correlates of Sodium and Potassium Intakes in Flemish Pre-school Children.” Public Health Nutrition 15 (6): 1039–1046.
APA
Huybrechts, I., De Keyzer, W., Lin, Y., Vandevijvere, S., Vereecken, C., Van Oyen, H., Tilleman, K., et al. (2012). Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, 15(6), 1039–1046.
Vancouver
1.
Huybrechts I, De Keyzer W, Lin Y, Vandevijvere S, Vereecken C, Van Oyen H, et al. Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 2012;15(6):1039–46.
MLA
Huybrechts, Inge, Willem De Keyzer, Yi Lin, et al. “Food Sources and Correlates of Sodium and Potassium Intakes in Flemish Pre-school Children.” PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 15.6 (2012): 1039–1046. Print.