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Intake and dietary sources of haem and non-haem iron in Flemish preschoolers

Inge Huybrechts UGent, Yi Lin UGent, Willem De Keyzer UGent, Christophe Matthys UGent, L Harvey, A Meirhaeghe, J Dallongeville, B Sarria, Gui De Backer UGent and Stefaan De Henauw UGent (2012) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. 66(7). p.806-812
abstract
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In the absence of biochemical data on iron status in preschoolers, data on the adequacy of iron intake may be used to assess the possible risk of iron deficiency in this population group. Therefore, this study aims to investigate iron intake and its food sources in Flemish preschoolers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 661 Flemish preschoolers 2.5-6.5 years old were recruited via a random cluster sampling design, using schools as primary sampling units. Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to iron intake (haem and non-haem) of 57 food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals. RESULTS: Mean total iron intake (s.d.) was 7.4 (+/-2.3) and 6.7 (+/-2.8) mg/day for boys and girls, respectively. In all 65% of the children <4 years old and 45% of those 4-6.5 years old presented adequate iron intakes. The food groups with the highest mean proportional contribution to total iron intake were bread, meat and meat products, breakfast cereals and sweet snacks (in that order). Children from small families whose mother had a low educational level had higher iron intakes. CONCLUSION: Iron intakes were similar for boys and girls and almost half of the Flemish preschoolers do not comply with the dietary iron recommendations.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ENERGY, ADOLESCENTS, NUTRIENTS, child, iron, INTAKE DISTRIBUTIONS, CHILDREN, FOOD, dietary sources
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
Eur. J. Clin. Nutr.
volume
66
issue
7
pages
806 - 812
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000306111100007
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
2.756 (2012)
JCR rank
25/75 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0954-3007
DOI
10.1038/ejcn.2012.16
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2975652
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2975652
date created
2012-08-28 11:09:48
date last changed
2012-09-04 10:04:44
@article{2975652,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In the absence of biochemical data on iron status in preschoolers, data on the adequacy of iron intake may be used to assess the possible risk of iron deficiency in this population group. Therefore, this study aims to investigate iron intake and its food sources in Flemish preschoolers. 
SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 661 Flemish preschoolers 2.5-6.5 years old were recruited via a random cluster sampling design, using schools as primary sampling units. Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to iron intake (haem and non-haem) of 57 food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals. 
RESULTS: Mean total iron intake (s.d.) was 7.4 (+/-2.3) and 6.7 (+/-2.8) mg/day for boys and girls, respectively. In all 65\% of the children {\textlangle}4 years old and 45\% of those 4-6.5 years old presented adequate iron intakes. The food groups with the highest mean proportional contribution to total iron intake were bread, meat and meat products, breakfast cereals and sweet snacks (in that order). Children from small families whose mother had a low educational level had higher iron intakes. 
CONCLUSION: Iron intakes were similar for boys and girls and almost half of the Flemish preschoolers do not comply with the dietary iron recommendations.},
  author       = {Huybrechts, Inge and Lin, Yi and De Keyzer, Willem and Matthys, Christophe and Harvey, L and Meirhaeghe, A and Dallongeville, J and Sarria, B and De Backer, Gui and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0954-3007},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {ENERGY,ADOLESCENTS,NUTRIENTS,child,iron,INTAKE DISTRIBUTIONS,CHILDREN,FOOD,dietary sources},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {806--812},
  title        = {Intake and dietary sources of haem and non-haem iron in Flemish preschoolers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2012.16},
  volume       = {66},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Huybrechts, Inge, Yi Lin, Willem De Keyzer, Christophe Matthys, L Harvey, A Meirhaeghe, J Dallongeville, B Sarria, Gui De Backer, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2012. “Intake and Dietary Sources of Haem and Non-haem Iron in Flemish Preschoolers.” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66 (7): 806–812.
APA
Huybrechts, I., Lin, Y., De Keyzer, W., Matthys, C., Harvey, L., Meirhaeghe, A., Dallongeville, J., et al. (2012). Intake and dietary sources of haem and non-haem iron in Flemish preschoolers. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 66(7), 806–812.
Vancouver
1.
Huybrechts I, Lin Y, De Keyzer W, Matthys C, Harvey L, Meirhaeghe A, et al. Intake and dietary sources of haem and non-haem iron in Flemish preschoolers. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. 2012;66(7):806–12.
MLA
Huybrechts, Inge, Yi Lin, Willem De Keyzer, et al. “Intake and Dietary Sources of Haem and Non-haem Iron in Flemish Preschoolers.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 66.7 (2012): 806–812. Print.