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Strategies for managing grief after suicide: a systematic review of controlled studies

Ciska Wittouck UGent, Sara Van Autreve UGent, Gwendolyn Portzky UGent and Cornelis Van Heeringen UGent (2008) Suicide and Suicidal behaviour, 12th European symposium, Abstracts.
abstract
Background. Bereavement trough suicide is potentially more difficult to cope with than through other causes due to an interaction of social and psychological factors. These include less social support, family disruption and specific themes, which makes suicide survivors more vulnerable for physical complaints and emotional problems, such as depression, anxiety, complicated grief and suicidal ideation. However, there is a paucity of studies of interventions to reduce maladaptive grief reactions and emotional problems after loss through suicide. Method and objectives. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to examine the current evidence on the effects of psychosocial interventions for the bereaved and to elucidate the factors that influence these effects. Resources of the review were electronic databases and reference lists of existing review articles. Results. The majority of intervention studies suffer from limitations regarding methodology, recruitment and treatment, including lack of control group or randomization. Due to a lack of long-term results, primary interventions are not recommended. In addition, there are some studies that even show negative results. Secondary and tertiary interventions for the bereaved show modest to relatively positive results. Interventions appear to be most effective when grief is more complicated and when the bereaved are self-referred. Conclusion. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for the bereaved appear to be promising, particularly when they aim at increasing adaptive coping with grief-related problems. Consequently, the results of this systematic review where used for the design of a cognitive-behavioural intervention for suicide survivors, which will be studied in a randomised clinical trial. This intervention is based on the cognitive-behavioural conceptualization of complicated grief, which was recently developed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
unpublished
subject
keyword
suicide, suicide survivors, bereavement
in
Suicide and Suicidal behaviour, 12th European symposium, Abstracts
conference name
12th European symposium on Suicide and Suicidal behaviour
conference location
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
conference start
2008-08-27
conference end
2008-08-30
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C3
id
2973382
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2973382
date created
2012-08-21 11:25:59
date last changed
2012-09-05 10:31:54
@inproceedings{2973382,
  abstract     = {Background. Bereavement trough suicide is potentially more difficult to cope with than through other causes due to an interaction of social and psychological factors. These include less social support, family disruption and specific themes, which makes suicide survivors more vulnerable for physical complaints and emotional problems, such as depression, anxiety, complicated grief and suicidal ideation. However, there is a paucity of studies of interventions to reduce maladaptive grief reactions and emotional problems after loss through suicide. 
Method and objectives. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to examine the current evidence on the effects of psychosocial interventions for the bereaved and to elucidate the factors that influence these effects. Resources of the review were electronic databases and reference lists of existing review articles. 
Results. The majority of intervention studies suffer from limitations regarding methodology, recruitment and treatment, including lack of control group or randomization. Due to a lack of long-term results, primary interventions are not recommended. In addition, there are some studies that even show negative results. Secondary and tertiary interventions for the bereaved show modest to relatively positive results. Interventions appear to be most effective when grief is more complicated and when the bereaved are self-referred. 
Conclusion. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for the bereaved appear to be promising, particularly when they aim at increasing adaptive coping with grief-related problems. Consequently, the results of this systematic review where used for the design of a cognitive-behavioural intervention for suicide survivors, which will be studied in a randomised clinical trial. This intervention is based on the cognitive-behavioural conceptualization of complicated grief, which was recently developed.},
  author       = {Wittouck, Ciska and Van Autreve, Sara and Portzky, Gwendolyn and Van Heeringen, Cornelis},
  booktitle    = {Suicide and Suicidal behaviour, 12th European symposium, Abstracts},
  keyword      = {suicide,suicide survivors,bereavement},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Glasgow, Scotland, UK},
  title        = {Strategies for managing grief after suicide: a systematic review of controlled studies},
  year         = {2008},
}

Chicago
Wittouck, Ciska, Sara Van Autreve, Gwendolyn Portzky, and Cornelis Van Heeringen. 2008. “Strategies for Managing Grief After Suicide: a Systematic Review of Controlled Studies.” In Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour, 12th European Symposium, Abstracts.
APA
Wittouck, C., Van Autreve, S., Portzky, G., & Van Heeringen, C. (2008). Strategies for managing grief after suicide: a systematic review of controlled studies. Suicide and Suicidal behaviour, 12th European symposium, Abstracts. Presented at the 12th European symposium on Suicide and Suicidal behaviour.
Vancouver
1.
Wittouck C, Van Autreve S, Portzky G, Van Heeringen C. Strategies for managing grief after suicide: a systematic review of controlled studies. Suicide and Suicidal behaviour, 12th European symposium, Abstracts. 2008.
MLA
Wittouck, Ciska, Sara Van Autreve, Gwendolyn Portzky, et al. “Strategies for Managing Grief After Suicide: a Systematic Review of Controlled Studies.” Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour, 12th European Symposium, Abstracts. 2008. Print.