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Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students?

Sebastiaan Koole UGent, Tim Dornan, Leen Aper UGent, Albert Scherpbier, Martin Valcke UGent, Janke Cohen-Schotanus and Anselme Derese UGent (2012) BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION. 12.
abstract
Background: Reflection on professional experience is increasingly accepted as a critical attribute for health care practice; however, evidence that it has a positive impact on performance remains scarce. This study investigated whether, after allowing for the effects of knowledge and consultation skills, reflection had an independent effect on students' ability to solve problem cases. Methods : Data was collected from 362 undergraduate medical students at Ghent University solving video cases and reflected on the experience of doing so. For knowledge and consultation skills results on a progress test and a course teaching consultation skills were used respectively. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the relationship between the quality of case-solving (dependent variable) and reflection skills, knowledge, and consultation skills (dependent variables). Results : Only students with data on all variables available (n=270) were included for analysis. The model was significant (Anova F(3,269)=11.00, p<0.001, adjusted R square 0.10) with all variables significantly contributing. Conclusion : Medical students' reflection had a small but significant effect on case-solving, which supports reflection as an attribute for performance. These findings suggest that it would be worthwhile testing the effect of reflection skills training on clinical competence.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
COMPETENCE, SPECIFICITY, undergraduate education, consultation skills, medical education, reflection, progress test, INSTRUMENT, EDUCATION, FEEDBACK, RUBRICS, IMPACT, SKILLS
journal title
BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION
BMC Med. Educ.
volume
12
article_number
75
pages
5 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000311142300001
JCR category
EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
JCR impact factor
1.409 (2012)
JCR rank
31/215 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
1472-6920
DOI
10.1186/1472-6920-12-75
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
2971457
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2971457
date created
2012-08-13 16:42:34
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:12:38
@article{2971457,
  abstract     = {Background: Reflection on professional experience is increasingly accepted as a critical attribute for health care practice; however, evidence that it has a positive impact on performance remains scarce. This study investigated whether, after allowing for the effects of knowledge and consultation skills, reflection had an independent effect on students' ability to solve problem cases.
Methods : Data was collected from 362 undergraduate medical students at Ghent University solving video cases and reflected on the experience of doing so. For knowledge and consultation skills results on a progress test and a course teaching consultation skills were used respectively. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the relationship between the quality of case-solving (dependent variable) and reflection skills, knowledge, and consultation skills (dependent variables).
Results : Only students with data on all variables available (n=270) were included for analysis. The model was significant (Anova F(3,269)=11.00, p{\textlangle}0.001, adjusted R square 0.10) with all variables significantly contributing.
Conclusion : Medical students' reflection had a small but significant effect on case-solving, which supports reflection as an attribute for performance. These findings suggest that it would be worthwhile testing the effect of reflection skills training on clinical competence.},
  articleno    = {75},
  author       = {Koole, Sebastiaan and Dornan, Tim and Aper, Leen and Scherpbier, Albert and Valcke, Martin and Cohen-Schotanus, Janke and Derese, Anselme},
  issn         = {1472-6920},
  journal      = {BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION},
  keyword      = {COMPETENCE,SPECIFICITY,undergraduate education,consultation skills,medical education,reflection,progress test,INSTRUMENT,EDUCATION,FEEDBACK,RUBRICS,IMPACT,SKILLS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {5},
  title        = {Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-12-75},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Koole, Sebastiaan, Tim Dornan, Leen Aper, Albert Scherpbier, Martin Valcke, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, and Anselme Derese. 2012. “Does Reflection Have an Effect Upon Case-solving Abilities of Undergraduate Medical Students?” Bmc Medical Education 12.
APA
Koole, S., Dornan, T., Aper, L., Scherpbier, A., Valcke, M., Cohen-Schotanus, J., & Derese, A. (2012). Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students? BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION, 12.
Vancouver
1.
Koole S, Dornan T, Aper L, Scherpbier A, Valcke M, Cohen-Schotanus J, et al. Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students? BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION. 2012;12.
MLA
Koole, Sebastiaan, Tim Dornan, Leen Aper, et al. “Does Reflection Have an Effect Upon Case-solving Abilities of Undergraduate Medical Students?” BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION 12 (2012): n. pag. Print.