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A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study on the clinical and microbial effects of an essential oils mouth rinse used by patients in supportive periodontal care

Jan Cosyn UGent, KATRIJN PRINCEN UGent, Seyed Reza Miremadi UGent, Ellen Decat UGent and Hugo De Bruyn UGent (2013) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE.
abstract
Aim: This 3-month double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study evaluated the clinical and microbial effects of an essential oils mouth rinse used as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control by patients in supportive periodontal care. Material and Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to an essential oils rinse group (Listerine® Coolmint, Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA) or placebo rinse group to rinse twice per day as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control. At baseline and after 3 months plaque index (PI), gingivitis index (GI), probing pocket depth, bleeding on probing (BoP) and clinical attachment level were registered by a blinded clinician. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from the deepest pocket per quadrant for the detection and quantification of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tanerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Micromonas micros, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium genus and Streptococcus mutans by means of real-time PCR (qPCR). Patient’s compliance, satisfaction and side effects were registered. Results: Twenty-three patients in the essential oils rinse group (8 males, 15 females; mean age 57) and 21 in the placebo rinse group (9 males, 12 females; mean age 55) with acceptable oral hygiene at intake (mean PI < 1.5 on a scale of 5) adhered to the study protocol. GI, PI and BoP significantly reduced over time (p ≤ 0.029), however between group analyses revealed no significant differences. There was no significant change over time neither in detection frequency nor load for any of the microbiota. Daily rinsing with an essential oils rinse was found safe and perceived beneficial by the patients. Conclusion: Patients in supportive periodontal care who are fairly compliant with oral hygiene may not benefit from additional mouth rinsing using an essential oils solution.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
submitted
subject
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE
Int. J. Dent. Hyg.
JCR category
DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE
JCR impact factor
0.682 (2013)
JCR rank
71/83 (2013)
JCR quartile
4 (2013)
ISSN
1601-5029
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
2970080
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2970080
date created
2012-08-09 09:19:37
date last changed
2012-08-10 10:20:24
@article{2970080,
  abstract     = {Aim: This 3-month double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study evaluated the clinical and microbial effects of an essential oils mouth rinse used as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control by patients in supportive periodontal care.
Material and Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to an essential oils rinse group (Listerine{\textregistered} Coolmint, Johnson \& Johnson, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA) or placebo rinse group to rinse twice per day as an adjunct to mechanical plaque control. At baseline and after 3 months plaque index (PI), gingivitis index (GI), probing pocket depth, bleeding on probing (BoP) and clinical attachment level were registered by a blinded clinician. Subgingival plaque samples were collected from the deepest pocket per quadrant for the detection and quantification of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tanerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Micromonas micros, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium genus and Streptococcus mutans by means of real-time PCR (qPCR). Patient{\textquoteright}s compliance, satisfaction and side effects were registered.
Results: Twenty-three patients in the essential oils rinse group (8 males, 15 females; mean age 57) and 21 in the placebo rinse group (9 males, 12 females; mean age 55) with acceptable oral hygiene at intake (mean PI {\textlangle} 1.5 on a scale of 5) adhered to the study protocol. GI, PI and BoP significantly reduced over time (p \ensuremath{\leq} 0.029), however between group analyses revealed no significant differences. There was no significant change over time neither in detection frequency nor load for any of the microbiota. Daily rinsing with an essential oils rinse was found safe and perceived beneficial by the patients.
Conclusion: Patients in supportive periodontal care who are fairly compliant with oral hygiene may not benefit from additional mouth rinsing using an essential oils solution.},
  author       = {Cosyn, Jan and PRINCEN, KATRIJN and Miremadi, Seyed Reza and Decat, Ellen and De Bruyn, Hugo},
  issn         = {1601-5029},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study on the clinical and microbial effects of an essential oils mouth rinse used by patients in supportive periodontal care},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Cosyn, Jan, KATRIJN PRINCEN, Seyed Reza Miremadi, Ellen Decat, and Hugo De Bruyn. 2013. “A Double-blind Randomized Placebo-controlled Study on the Clinical and Microbial Effects of an Essential Oils Mouth Rinse Used by Patients in Supportive Periodontal Care.” International Journal of Dental Hygiene.
APA
Cosyn, J., PRINCEN, K., Miremadi, S. R., Decat, E., & De Bruyn, H. (2013). A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study on the clinical and microbial effects of an essential oils mouth rinse used by patients in supportive periodontal care. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE.
Vancouver
1.
Cosyn J, PRINCEN K, Miremadi SR, Decat E, De Bruyn H. A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study on the clinical and microbial effects of an essential oils mouth rinse used by patients in supportive periodontal care. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE. 2013;
MLA
Cosyn, Jan, KATRIJN PRINCEN, Seyed Reza Miremadi, et al. “A Double-blind Randomized Placebo-controlled Study on the Clinical and Microbial Effects of an Essential Oils Mouth Rinse Used by Patients in Supportive Periodontal Care.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE (2013): n. pag. Print.