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On the malleability of automatic attentional biases: effects of feature-specific attention allocation

Tom Everaert UGent, Adriaan Spruyt UGent and Jan De Houwer UGent (2013) COGNITION & EMOTION. 27(3). p.385-400
abstract
In two experiments, we examined the extent to which automatic attentional biases, as indexed by performance in the emotional Stroop task (Experiment 1) and the dot-probe task (Experiment 2), are modulated by feature-specific attention allocation. In both experiments, participants were encouraged to attend to either affective stimulus information (affective groups) or non-affective semantic stimulus information (non-affective groups). In both experiments, an attentional bias towards negative stimuli was found in the affective groups but not in the non-affective groups. In Experiment 1, we also observed an attentional bias towards non-affective semantic stimulus information inthe non-affective group but not in the affective groups. We argue that these effects are due to a modulation of automatic stimulus processing by feature-specific attention allocation. Our data demonstrate that automatic attentional biases toward negative stimuli are not unconditional but instead depend on the relevance of negative information. Moreover, the results of Experiment 1 suggest that attention is automatically biased towards non-affective stimulus dimensions that are currently relevant.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
EMOTIONAL STROOP, ATTITUDE ACTIVATION, SPATIAL ATTENTION, VISUAL-ATTENTION, THREAT, TASK, INFORMATION, CATEGORIZATION, INDIVIDUALS, PROPORTION, Automatic attentional bias, Automatic affective processing, Feature-specific attention allocation
journal title
COGNITION & EMOTION
volume
27
issue
3
pages
385 - 400
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000319101300001
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
2.311 (2013)
JCR rank
29/83 (2013)
JCR quartile
2 (2013)
ISSN
0269-9931
DOI
10.1080/02699931.2012.712949
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2966878
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2966878
date created
2012-08-02 11:06:42
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:12:18
@article{2966878,
  abstract     = {In two experiments, we examined the extent to which automatic attentional biases, as indexed by performance in the emotional Stroop task (Experiment 1) and the dot-probe task (Experiment 2), are modulated by feature-specific attention allocation. In both experiments, participants were encouraged to attend to either affective stimulus information (affective groups) or non-affective semantic stimulus information (non-affective groups). In both experiments, an attentional bias towards negative stimuli was found in the affective groups but not in the non-affective groups. In Experiment 1, we also observed an attentional bias towards non-affective semantic stimulus information inthe non-affective group but not in the affective groups. We argue that these effects are due to a modulation of automatic stimulus processing by feature-specific attention allocation. Our data demonstrate that automatic attentional biases toward negative stimuli are not unconditional but instead depend on the relevance of negative information. Moreover, the results of Experiment 1 suggest that attention is automatically biased towards non-affective stimulus dimensions that are currently relevant.},
  author       = {Everaert, Tom and Spruyt, Adriaan and De Houwer, Jan},
  issn         = {0269-9931},
  journal      = {COGNITION \& EMOTION},
  keyword      = {EMOTIONAL STROOP,ATTITUDE ACTIVATION,SPATIAL ATTENTION,VISUAL-ATTENTION,THREAT,TASK,INFORMATION,CATEGORIZATION,INDIVIDUALS,PROPORTION,Automatic attentional bias,Automatic affective processing,Feature-specific attention allocation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {385--400},
  title        = {On the malleability of automatic attentional biases: effects of feature-specific attention allocation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2012.712949},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Everaert, Tom, Adriaan Spruyt, and Jan De Houwer. 2013. “On the Malleability of Automatic Attentional Biases: Effects of Feature-specific Attention Allocation.” Cognition & Emotion 27 (3): 385–400.
APA
Everaert, T., Spruyt, A., & De Houwer, J. (2013). On the malleability of automatic attentional biases: effects of feature-specific attention allocation. COGNITION & EMOTION, 27(3), 385–400.
Vancouver
1.
Everaert T, Spruyt A, De Houwer J. On the malleability of automatic attentional biases: effects of feature-specific attention allocation. COGNITION & EMOTION. 2013;27(3):385–400.
MLA
Everaert, Tom, Adriaan Spruyt, and Jan De Houwer. “On the Malleability of Automatic Attentional Biases: Effects of Feature-specific Attention Allocation.” COGNITION & EMOTION 27.3 (2013): 385–400. Print.