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Insight into trade-off between wood decay and parasitism from the genome of a fungal forest pathogen

(2012) NEW PHYTOLOGIST. 194(4). p.1001-1013
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Abstract
Parasitism and saprotrophic wood decay are two fungal strategies fundamental for succession and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. An opportunity to assess the trade-off between these strategies is provided by the forest pathogen and wood decayer Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato. We report the annotated genome sequence and transcript profiling, as well as the quantitative trait loci mapping, of one member of the species complex: H similar to irregulare. Quantitative trait loci critical for pathogenicity, and rich in transposable elements, orphan and secreted genes, were identified. A wide range of cellulose-degrading enzymes are expressed during wood decay. By contrast, pathogenic interaction between H similar to irregulare and pine engages fewer carbohydrate-active enzymes, but involves an increase in pectinolytic enzymes, transcription modules for oxidative stress and secondary metabolite production. Our results show a trade-off in terms of constrained carbohydrate decomposition and membrane transport capacity during interaction with living hosts. Our findings establish that saprotrophic wood decay and necrotrophic parasitism involve two distinct, yet overlapping, processes.
Keywords
SOMATIC INCOMPATIBILITY, HETEROBASIDION-ANNOSUM-S.L, wood decay, trade-off, saprotrophy, pathology, parasitism, Heterobasidion, genome, GENETIC-LINKAGE, SENSU-LATO, SEQUENCE, PROTEIN, TOOL, IDENTIFICATION, PREDICTION, SIGNATURE

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MLA
Olson, Åke, Andrea Aerts, Fred Asiegbu, et al. “Insight into Trade-off Between Wood Decay and Parasitism from the Genome of a Fungal Forest Pathogen.” NEW PHYTOLOGIST 194.4 (2012): 1001–1013. Print.
APA
Olson, Å., Aerts, A., Asiegbu, F., Belbahri, L., Bouzid, O., Broberg, A., Canbäck, B., et al. (2012). Insight into trade-off between wood decay and parasitism from the genome of a fungal forest pathogen. NEW PHYTOLOGIST, 194(4), 1001–1013.
Chicago author-date
Olson, Åke, Andrea Aerts, Fred Asiegbu, Lassaad Belbahri, Ourdia Bouzid, Anders Broberg, Björn Canbäck, et al. 2012. “Insight into Trade-off Between Wood Decay and Parasitism from the Genome of a Fungal Forest Pathogen.” New Phytologist 194 (4): 1001–1013.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Olson, Åke, Andrea Aerts, Fred Asiegbu, Lassaad Belbahri, Ourdia Bouzid, Anders Broberg, Björn Canbäck, Pedro M Coutinho, Dan Cullen, Kerstin Dalman, Giuliana Deflorio, Linda TA van Diepen, Christophe Dunand, Sébastien Duplessis, Mikael Durling, Paolo Gonthier, Jane Grimwood, Carl Gunnar Fossdal, David Hansson, Bernard Henrissat, Ari Hietala, Kajsa Himmelstrand, Dirk Hoffmeister, Nils Högberg, Timothy Y James, Magnus Karlsson, Annegret Kohler, Ursula Kües, Yong-Hwan Lee, Yao-Cheng Lin, Mårten Lind, Erika Lindquist, Vincent Lombard, Susan Lucas, Karl Lundén, Emmanuelle Morin, Claude Murat, Jongsun Park, Tommaso Raffaello, Pierre Rouzé, Asaf Salamov, Jeremy Schmutz, Halvor Solheim, Jerry Ståhlberg, Heriberto Vélëz, Ronald P de Vries, Ad Wiebenga, Steve Woodward, Igor Yakovlev, Matteo Garbelotto, Francis Martin, Igor V Grigoriev, and Jan Stenlid. 2012. “Insight into Trade-off Between Wood Decay and Parasitism from the Genome of a Fungal Forest Pathogen.” New Phytologist 194 (4): 1001–1013.
Vancouver
1.
Olson Å, Aerts A, Asiegbu F, Belbahri L, Bouzid O, Broberg A, et al. Insight into trade-off between wood decay and parasitism from the genome of a fungal forest pathogen. NEW PHYTOLOGIST. 2012;194(4):1001–13.
IEEE
[1]
Å. Olson et al., “Insight into trade-off between wood decay and parasitism from the genome of a fungal forest pathogen,” NEW PHYTOLOGIST, vol. 194, no. 4, pp. 1001–1013, 2012.
@article{2965090,
  abstract     = {Parasitism and saprotrophic wood decay are two fungal strategies fundamental for succession and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. An opportunity to assess the trade-off between these strategies is provided by the forest pathogen and wood decayer Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato. We report the annotated genome sequence and transcript profiling, as well as the quantitative trait loci mapping, of one member of the species complex: H similar to irregulare. Quantitative trait loci critical for pathogenicity, and rich in transposable elements, orphan and secreted genes, were identified. A wide range of cellulose-degrading enzymes are expressed during wood decay. By contrast, pathogenic interaction between H similar to irregulare and pine engages fewer carbohydrate-active enzymes, but involves an increase in pectinolytic enzymes, transcription modules for oxidative stress and secondary metabolite production. Our results show a trade-off in terms of constrained carbohydrate decomposition and membrane transport capacity during interaction with living hosts. Our findings establish that saprotrophic wood decay and necrotrophic parasitism involve two distinct, yet overlapping, processes.},
  author       = {Olson, Åke and Aerts, Andrea and Asiegbu, Fred and Belbahri, Lassaad and Bouzid, Ourdia and Broberg, Anders and Canbäck, Björn and Coutinho, Pedro M and Cullen, Dan and Dalman, Kerstin and Deflorio, Giuliana and van Diepen, Linda TA and Dunand, Christophe and Duplessis, Sébastien and Durling, Mikael and Gonthier, Paolo and Grimwood, Jane and Fossdal, Carl Gunnar and Hansson, David and Henrissat, Bernard and Hietala, Ari and Himmelstrand, Kajsa and Hoffmeister, Dirk and Högberg, Nils and James, Timothy Y and Karlsson, Magnus and Kohler, Annegret and Kües, Ursula and Lee, Yong-Hwan and Lin, Yao-Cheng and Lind, Mårten and Lindquist, Erika and Lombard, Vincent and Lucas, Susan and Lundén, Karl and Morin, Emmanuelle and Murat, Claude and Park, Jongsun and Raffaello, Tommaso and Rouzé, Pierre and Salamov, Asaf and Schmutz, Jeremy and Solheim, Halvor and Ståhlberg, Jerry and Vélëz, Heriberto and de Vries, Ronald P and Wiebenga, Ad and Woodward, Steve and Yakovlev, Igor and Garbelotto, Matteo and Martin, Francis and Grigoriev, Igor V and Stenlid, Jan},
  issn         = {0028-646X},
  journal      = {NEW PHYTOLOGIST},
  keywords     = {SOMATIC INCOMPATIBILITY,HETEROBASIDION-ANNOSUM-S.L,wood decay,trade-off,saprotrophy,pathology,parasitism,Heterobasidion,genome,GENETIC-LINKAGE,SENSU-LATO,SEQUENCE,PROTEIN,TOOL,IDENTIFICATION,PREDICTION,SIGNATURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1001--1013},
  title        = {Insight into trade-off between wood decay and parasitism from the genome of a fungal forest pathogen},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04128.x},
  volume       = {194},
  year         = {2012},
}

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