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Norms of valence, arousal, dominance, and age of acquisition for 4300 Dutch words

(2013) BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS. 45(1). p.169-177
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Abstract
This article presents norms of valence/pleasantness, activity/arousal, power/dominance, and age of acquisition for 4,300 Dutch words, mainly nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and verbs. The norms are based on ratings with a 7-point Likert scale by independent groups of students from two Belgian (Ghent and Leuven) and two Dutch (Rotterdam and Leiden-Amsterdam) samples. For each variable, we obtained high split-half reliabilities within each sample and high correlations between samples. In addition, the valence ratings of a previous, more limited study (Hermans & De Houwer, Psychologica Belgica, 34:115-139, 1994) correlated highly with those of the present study. Therefore, the new norms are a valuable source of information for affective research in the Dutch language.
Keywords
Lexical norms, Valence, Arousal, Dominance, Age of acquisition, Frequency, Word length, OF-ACQUISITION, ENGLISH WORDS, FRENCH WORDS, LARGE SET, EMOTION, RATINGS, APPRAISAL, NOUNS, VARIABLES, GERMAN

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Chicago
Moors, Agnes, Jan De Houwer, Dirk Hermans, Sabine Wanmaker, Kevin van Schie, Anne-Laura Van Harmelen, Maarten De Schryver, Jeffrey De Winne, and Marc Brysbaert. 2013. “Norms of Valence, Arousal, Dominance, and Age of Acquisition for 4300 Dutch Words.” Behavior Research Methods 45 (1): 169–177.
APA
Moors, A., De Houwer, J., Hermans, D., Wanmaker, S., van Schie, K., Van Harmelen, A.-L., De Schryver, M., et al. (2013). Norms of valence, arousal, dominance, and age of acquisition for 4300 Dutch words. BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS, 45(1), 169–177.
Vancouver
1.
Moors A, De Houwer J, Hermans D, Wanmaker S, van Schie K, Van Harmelen A-L, et al. Norms of valence, arousal, dominance, and age of acquisition for 4300 Dutch words. BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS. 2013;45(1):169–77.
MLA
Moors, Agnes et al. “Norms of Valence, Arousal, Dominance, and Age of Acquisition for 4300 Dutch Words.” BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS 45.1 (2013): 169–177. Print.
@article{2958608,
  abstract     = {This article presents norms of valence/pleasantness, activity/arousal, power/dominance, and age of acquisition for 4,300 Dutch words, mainly nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and verbs. The norms are based on ratings with a 7-point Likert scale by independent groups of students from two Belgian (Ghent and Leuven) and two Dutch (Rotterdam and Leiden-Amsterdam) samples. For each variable, we obtained high split-half reliabilities within each sample and high correlations between samples. In addition, the valence ratings of a previous, more limited study (Hermans \& De Houwer, Psychologica Belgica, 34:115-139, 1994) correlated highly with those of the present study. Therefore, the new norms are a valuable source of information for affective research in the Dutch language.},
  author       = {Moors, Agnes and De Houwer, Jan and Hermans, Dirk and Wanmaker, Sabine and van Schie, Kevin and Van Harmelen, Anne-Laura and De Schryver, Maarten and De Winne, Jeffrey and Brysbaert, Marc},
  issn         = {1554-351X},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {169--177},
  title        = {Norms of valence, arousal, dominance, and age of acquisition for 4300 Dutch words},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-012-0243-8},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2013},
}

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