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Computed tomographic anatomy of the equine stifle joint

Elke Van der Vekens UGent, Erik HJ Bergman, Katrien Vanderperren UGent, Els Raes UGent, Sarah M Puchalski, Henri van Bree UGent and Jimmy Saunders UGent (2011) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH. 72(4). p.512-521
abstract
Objective-To provide a detailed computed tomography (CT) reference of the anatomically normal equine stifle joint. Sample-16 hind limbs from 8 equine cadavers; no horses had evidence of orthopedic disease of the stifle joints. Procedures-CT of the stifle joint was performed on 8 hind limbs. In all limbs, CT was also performed after intra-articular injection of 60 mL of contrast material (150 mg of iodine/mL) in the lateral and medial compartments of the femorotibial joint and 80 mL of contrast material in the femoropatellar joint (CT arthrography). Reformatted CT images in the transverse, parasagittal, and dorsal plane were matched with corresponding anatomic slices of the 8 remaining limbs. Results-The femur, tibia, and patella were clearly visible. The patellar ligaments, common origin of the tendinous portions of the long digital extensor muscle and peroneus tertius muscle, collateral ligaments, tendinous portion of the popliteus muscle, and cranial and caudal cruciate ligaments could also be consistently evaluated. The cruciate ligaments and the meniscotibial ligaments could be completely assessed in the arthrogram sequences. Margins of the meniscofemoral ligament and the lateral and medial femoropatellar ligaments were difficult to visualize on the precontrast and postcontrast images. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-CT and CT arthrography were used to accurately identify and characterize osseous and soft tissue structures of the equine stifle joint. This technique may be of value when results from other diagnostic imaging techniques are inconclusive. The images provided will serve as a CT reference for the equine stifle joint.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
KNEE, SPIRAL CT ARTHROGRAPHY, FEMOROTIBIAL JOINT, HORSES, ULTRASONOGRAPHY, RADIOGRAPHY, DIAGNOSIS, ACCURACY, TEARS
journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH
Am. J. Vet. Res.
volume
72
issue
4
pages
512 - 521
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000288928600012
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.269 (2011)
JCR rank
39/141 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0002-9645
DOI
10.2460/ajvr.72.4.512
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2958364
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2958364
date created
2012-07-09 11:34:48
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:11:19
@article{2958364,
  abstract     = {Objective-To provide a detailed computed tomography (CT) reference of the anatomically normal equine stifle joint. 
Sample-16 hind limbs from 8 equine cadavers; no horses had evidence of orthopedic disease of the stifle joints. 
Procedures-CT of the stifle joint was performed on 8 hind limbs. In all limbs, CT was also performed after intra-articular injection of 60 mL of contrast material (150 mg of iodine/mL) in the lateral and medial compartments of the femorotibial joint and 80 mL of contrast material in the femoropatellar joint (CT arthrography). Reformatted CT images in the transverse, parasagittal, and dorsal plane were matched with corresponding anatomic slices of the 8 remaining limbs. 
Results-The femur, tibia, and patella were clearly visible. The patellar ligaments, common origin of the tendinous portions of the long digital extensor muscle and peroneus tertius muscle, collateral ligaments, tendinous portion of the popliteus muscle, and cranial and caudal cruciate ligaments could also be consistently evaluated. The cruciate ligaments and the meniscotibial ligaments could be completely assessed in the arthrogram sequences. Margins of the meniscofemoral ligament and the lateral and medial femoropatellar ligaments were difficult to visualize on the precontrast and postcontrast images. 
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-CT and CT arthrography were used to accurately identify and characterize osseous and soft tissue structures of the equine stifle joint. This technique may be of value when results from other diagnostic imaging techniques are inconclusive. The images provided will serve as a CT reference for the equine stifle joint.},
  author       = {Van der Vekens, Elke and Bergman, Erik HJ and Vanderperren, Katrien and Raes, Els and Puchalski, Sarah M and van Bree, Henri and Saunders, Jimmy},
  issn         = {0002-9645},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {KNEE,SPIRAL CT ARTHROGRAPHY,FEMOROTIBIAL JOINT,HORSES,ULTRASONOGRAPHY,RADIOGRAPHY,DIAGNOSIS,ACCURACY,TEARS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {512--521},
  title        = {Computed tomographic anatomy of the equine stifle joint},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.72.4.512},
  volume       = {72},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Van der Vekens, Elke, Erik HJ Bergman, Katrien Vanderperren, Els Raes, Sarah M Puchalski, Henri van Bree, and Jimmy Saunders. 2011. “Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Equine Stifle Joint.” American Journal of Veterinary Research 72 (4): 512–521.
APA
Van der Vekens, E., Bergman, E. H., Vanderperren, K., Raes, E., Puchalski, S. M., van Bree, H., & Saunders, J. (2011). Computed tomographic anatomy of the equine stifle joint. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 72(4), 512–521.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Vekens E, Bergman EH, Vanderperren K, Raes E, Puchalski SM, van Bree H, et al. Computed tomographic anatomy of the equine stifle joint. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH. 2011;72(4):512–21.
MLA
Van der Vekens, Elke, Erik HJ Bergman, Katrien Vanderperren, et al. “Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Equine Stifle Joint.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH 72.4 (2011): 512–521. Print.