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Mysid crustaceans as potential test organisms for the evaluation of environmental endocrine disruption: a review

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Abstract
Anthropogenic chemicals that disrupt the hormonal systems (endocrine disruptors) of wildlife species recently have become a widely investigated and politically charged issue. Invertebrates account for roughly 95% of all animals, yet surprisingly little effort has been made to understand their value in signaling potential environmental endocrine disruption. This emission largely can be attributed to the high diversity of invertebrates and the shortage of fundamental knowledge of their endocrine systems. Insects and crustaceans are exceptions and, as such, appear to be excellent candidates for evaluating the environmental consequence.,, of chemically induced endocrine disruption. Mysid shrimp (Crustacea: Mysidacea) may serve as a viable surrogate for many crustaceans and have been put forward as suitable test organisms for the evaluation of endocrine disruption by several researchers and regulatory bodies (e.g., the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). Despite the long-standing use of mysids in toxicity testing, little information exists oil their endocrinology, and few studies have focused on the potential of these annuals for evaluating the effects of hormone-disrupting compounds. Therefore, the question remains as to whether the current standardized mysid endpoints can be used or adapted to detect endocrine disruption, or if new procedures must be developed, specifically directed it evaluating hormone-regulated endpoints in these animals. This review summarizes the ecological importance of mysids in estuarine and marine ecosystems, their use in toxicity testing and environmental monitoring, and their endocrinology and important hormone-regulated processes to highlight their potential use in assessing environmental endocrine disruption.
Keywords
DAPHNIA-MAGNA, mysids, 7-D TOXICITY TEST, AGE-SPECIFIC GROWTH, endocrine disruption, biomarkers regulation, environmental monitoring, NEOMYSIS-INTEGER CRUSTACEA, COMPLETE LIFE-CYCLE, M EDW CRUSTACEA, ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDE CHLORPYRIFOS, CRAB CALLINECTES-SAPIDUS, AMINO-ACID-COMPOSITION, POST-EMBRYONIC GROWTH

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Citation

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MLA
Verslycke, Tim, Nancy Fockedey, Charles L McKenney Jr, et al. “Mysid Crustaceans as Potential Test Organisms for the Evaluation of Environmental Endocrine Disruption: a Review.” ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY 23.5 (2004): 1219–1234. Print.
APA
Verslycke, T., Fockedey, N., McKenney Jr, C. L., Roast, S. D., Jones, M. B., Mees, J., & Janssen, C. (2004). Mysid crustaceans as potential test organisms for the evaluation of environmental endocrine disruption: a review. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, 23(5), 1219–1234.
Chicago author-date
Verslycke, Tim, Nancy Fockedey, Charles L McKenney Jr, Stephen D Roast, Malcolm B Jones, Jan Mees, and Colin Janssen. 2004. “Mysid Crustaceans as Potential Test Organisms for the Evaluation of Environmental Endocrine Disruption: a Review.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23 (5): 1219–1234.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verslycke, Tim, Nancy Fockedey, Charles L McKenney Jr, Stephen D Roast, Malcolm B Jones, Jan Mees, and Colin Janssen. 2004. “Mysid Crustaceans as Potential Test Organisms for the Evaluation of Environmental Endocrine Disruption: a Review.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23 (5): 1219–1234.
Vancouver
1.
Verslycke T, Fockedey N, McKenney Jr CL, Roast SD, Jones MB, Mees J, et al. Mysid crustaceans as potential test organisms for the evaluation of environmental endocrine disruption: a review. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY. 2004;23(5):1219–34.
IEEE
[1]
T. Verslycke et al., “Mysid crustaceans as potential test organisms for the evaluation of environmental endocrine disruption: a review,” ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1219–1234, 2004.
@article{295165,
  abstract     = {Anthropogenic chemicals that disrupt the hormonal systems (endocrine disruptors) of wildlife species recently have become a widely investigated and politically charged issue. Invertebrates account for roughly 95% of all animals, yet surprisingly little effort has been made to understand their value in signaling potential environmental endocrine disruption. This emission largely can be attributed to the high diversity of invertebrates and the shortage of fundamental knowledge of their endocrine systems. Insects and crustaceans are exceptions and, as such, appear to be excellent candidates for evaluating the environmental consequence.,, of chemically induced endocrine disruption. Mysid shrimp (Crustacea: Mysidacea) may serve as a viable surrogate for many crustaceans and have been put forward as suitable test organisms for the evaluation of endocrine disruption by several researchers and regulatory bodies (e.g., the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). Despite the long-standing use of mysids in toxicity testing, little information exists oil their endocrinology, and few studies have focused on the potential of these annuals for evaluating the effects of hormone-disrupting compounds. Therefore, the question remains as to whether the current standardized mysid endpoints can be used or adapted to detect endocrine disruption, or if new procedures must be developed, specifically directed it evaluating hormone-regulated endpoints in these animals. This review summarizes the ecological importance of mysids in estuarine and marine ecosystems, their use in toxicity testing and environmental monitoring, and their endocrinology and important hormone-regulated processes to highlight their potential use in assessing environmental endocrine disruption.},
  author       = {Verslycke, Tim and Fockedey, Nancy and McKenney Jr, Charles L and Roast, Stephen D and Jones, Malcolm B and Mees, Jan and Janssen, Colin},
  issn         = {0730-7268},
  journal      = {ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY},
  keywords     = {DAPHNIA-MAGNA,mysids,7-D TOXICITY TEST,AGE-SPECIFIC GROWTH,endocrine disruption,biomarkers regulation,environmental monitoring,NEOMYSIS-INTEGER CRUSTACEA,COMPLETE LIFE-CYCLE,M EDW CRUSTACEA,ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDE CHLORPYRIFOS,CRAB CALLINECTES-SAPIDUS,AMINO-ACID-COMPOSITION,POST-EMBRYONIC GROWTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1219--1234},
  title        = {Mysid crustaceans as potential test organisms for the evaluation of environmental endocrine disruption: a review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1897/03-332},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2004},
}

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