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Interaction of ICRF Fields with the Plasma Boundary in AUG and JET and Guidelines for Antenna Optimization

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Abstract
W sputtering during ICRF on ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) and temperature rise on JET A2 antenna septa are considered in connection with plasma conditions at the antenna plasma facing components and E(parallel to) near-fields. Large antenna-plasma clearance, high gas puff and low light impurity content are favorable to reduce W sputtering in AUG. The spatial distribution of spectroscopically measured effective W sputtering yields clearly points to the existence of strong E(parallel to) fields at the antenna box ("feeder fields") which dominate over the fields in front of the antenna straps. The picture of E(parallel to) fields, obtained by HFSS code, corroborates the dominant role of E(parallel to) at the antenna box on the formation of sheath-driving RF voltages for AUG. Large antenna-plasma clearance and low gas puff are favorable to reduce septum temperature of JET A2 antennas. Assuming a linear relation between the septum temperature and the sheath driving RF voltage calculated by HFSS, the changes of the temperature with dipole phasing (00 pi pi, 0 pi pi 0 or 0 pi 0 pi) are well described by the related changes of the RF voltages. Similarly to the AUG antenna, the strongest E(parallel to) are found at the limiters of the JET A2 antenna for all used dipole phasings and at the septum for the phasings different from 0 pi 0 pi. A simple general rule can be used to minimize E(parallel to) at the antenna: image currents can be allowed only at the surfaces which do not intersect magnetic field lines at large angles of incidence. Possible antenna modifications generally rely either on a reduction of the image currents, on their short-circuiting by introducing additional conducting surfaces or on imposing the E(parallel to)=0 boundary condition. On the example of AUG antenna, possible options to minimize the sheath driving voltages are presented.
Keywords
JET, ASDEX-Upgrade, ICRF, High-Z Material, Hot spots, Impurity Sources

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Chicago
Bobkov, V, R Bilato, F Braun, L Colas, R Dux, D Van Eester, L Giannone, et al. 2009. “Interaction of ICRF Fields with the Plasma Boundary in AUG and JET and Guidelines for Antenna Optimization.” In AIP Conference Proceedings, ed. V Bobkov and JM Noterdaeme, 1187:125–132. Melville, NY, USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
APA
Bobkov, V, Bilato, R., Braun, F., Colas, L., Dux, R., Van Eester, D., Giannone, L., et al. (2009). Interaction of ICRF Fields with the Plasma Boundary in AUG and JET and Guidelines for Antenna Optimization. In V Bobkov & J. Noterdaeme (Eds.), AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1187, pp. 125–132). Presented at the 18th Topical Conference on Radio Frequence Power in Plasmas, Melville, NY, USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
Vancouver
1.
Bobkov V, Bilato R, Braun F, Colas L, Dux R, Van Eester D, et al. Interaction of ICRF Fields with the Plasma Boundary in AUG and JET and Guidelines for Antenna Optimization. In: Bobkov V, Noterdaeme J, editors. AIP Conference Proceedings. Melville, NY, USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME); 2009. p. 125–32.
MLA
Bobkov, V, R Bilato, F Braun, et al. “Interaction of ICRF Fields with the Plasma Boundary in AUG and JET and Guidelines for Antenna Optimization.” AIP Conference Proceedings. Ed. V Bobkov & JM Noterdaeme. Vol. 1187. Melville, NY, USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2009. 125–132. Print.
@inproceedings{2948353,
  abstract     = {W sputtering during ICRF on ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) and temperature rise on JET A2 antenna septa are considered in connection with plasma conditions at the antenna plasma facing components and E(parallel to) near-fields. Large antenna-plasma clearance, high gas puff and low light impurity content are favorable to reduce W sputtering in AUG. The spatial distribution of spectroscopically measured effective W sputtering yields clearly points to the existence of strong E(parallel to) fields at the antenna box ("feeder fields") which dominate over the fields in front of the antenna straps. The picture of E(parallel to) fields, obtained by HFSS code, corroborates the dominant role of E(parallel to) at the antenna box on the formation of sheath-driving RF voltages for AUG. Large antenna-plasma clearance and low gas puff are favorable to reduce septum temperature of JET A2 antennas. Assuming a linear relation between the septum temperature and the sheath driving RF voltage calculated by HFSS, the changes of the temperature with dipole phasing (00 pi pi, 0 pi pi 0 or 0 pi 0 pi) are well described by the related changes of the RF voltages. Similarly to the AUG antenna, the strongest E(parallel to) are found at the limiters of the JET A2 antenna for all used dipole phasings and at the septum for the phasings different from 0 pi 0 pi. A simple general rule can be used to minimize E(parallel to) at the antenna: image currents can be allowed only at the surfaces which do not intersect magnetic field lines at large angles of incidence. Possible antenna modifications generally rely either on a reduction of the image currents, on their short-circuiting by introducing additional conducting surfaces or on imposing the E(parallel to)=0 boundary condition. On the example of AUG antenna, possible options to minimize the sheath driving voltages are presented.},
  author       = {Bobkov, V and Bilato, R and Braun, F and Colas, L and Dux, R and Van Eester, D and Giannone, L and Goniche, M and Herrmann, A and Jacquet, P and Kallenbach, A and Krivska, A and Lerche, E and Mayoral, M-L and Milanesio, D and Monakhov, I and Mueller, HW and Neu, R and Noterdaeme, Jean-Marie and Puetterich, Th and Rohde, V},
  booktitle    = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
  editor       = {Bobkov, V and Noterdaeme, JM },
  isbn         = {9780735407534},
  issn         = {0094-243X},
  keywords     = {JET,ASDEX-Upgrade,ICRF,High-Z Material,Hot spots,Impurity Sources},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Ghent, Belgium},
  pages        = {125--132},
  publisher    = {American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)},
  title        = {Interaction of ICRF Fields with the Plasma Boundary in AUG and JET and Guidelines for Antenna Optimization},
  volume       = {1187},
  year         = {2009},
}

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