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Micro-Raman analysis of coloured lithographs

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Abstract
Raman micro-spectroscopy was chosen for analysis and identification of the pigments present in four nineteenth-century hand-coloured lithographs, as this technique has several advantages over others for this purpose. The possibility of performing completely non-destructive analysis without any sampling is probably one of its most favourable qualities for art analysis. Raman spectroscopy can also be used to determine some pigments that cannot be detected using FTIR, such as vermilion, carbon blacks, cadmium pigments, etc. Among others, Prussian blue, ultramarine blue, carbon black, chrome yellow, yellow ochre, red lead, red iron oxide, burnt Sienna, indigo blue, chrome orange, phthalocyanine green, and some other organic pigments, were determined in the specimens. The results obtained have led to doubts about the age of the lithographs.
Keywords
Raman, microscopy, lithographs, pigments, Becquet freres, forgery, X-RAY-FLUORESCENCE, SPECTROSCOPY, PIGMENTS, LIBRARY, THERMOGRAVIMETRY, MANUSCRIPTS, SAMPLES, ART

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Chicago
Castro, K, Peter Vandenabeele, MD Rodríguez-LasoO, Luc Moens, and JM Madariaga. 2004. “Micro-Raman Analysis of Coloured Lithographs.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 379 (4): 674–683.
APA
Castro, K., Vandenabeele, P., Rodríguez-LasoO, M., Moens, L., & Madariaga, J. (2004). Micro-Raman analysis of coloured lithographs. ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 379(4), 674–683. Presented at the 12th Conference on Solid State Analysis.
Vancouver
1.
Castro K, Vandenabeele P, Rodríguez-LasoO M, Moens L, Madariaga J. Micro-Raman analysis of coloured lithographs. ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. 2004;379(4):674–83.
MLA
Castro, K, Peter Vandenabeele, MD Rodríguez-LasoO, et al. “Micro-Raman Analysis of Coloured Lithographs.” ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 379.4 (2004): 674–683. Print.
@article{293454,
  abstract     = {Raman micro-spectroscopy was chosen for analysis and identification of the pigments present in four nineteenth-century hand-coloured lithographs, as this technique has several advantages over others for this purpose. The possibility of performing completely non-destructive analysis without any sampling is probably one of its most favourable qualities for art analysis. Raman spectroscopy can also be used to determine some pigments that cannot be detected using FTIR, such as vermilion, carbon blacks, cadmium pigments, etc. Among others, Prussian blue, ultramarine blue, carbon black, chrome yellow, yellow ochre, red lead, red iron oxide, burnt Sienna, indigo blue, chrome orange, phthalocyanine green, and some other organic pigments, were determined in the specimens. The results obtained have led to doubts about the age of the lithographs.},
  author       = {Castro, K and Vandenabeele, Peter and Rodr{\'i}guez-LasoO, MD and Moens, Luc and Madariaga, JM},
  issn         = {1618-2642},
  journal      = {ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY},
  keyword      = {Raman,microscopy,lithographs,pigments,Becquet freres,forgery,X-RAY-FLUORESCENCE,SPECTROSCOPY,PIGMENTS,LIBRARY,THERMOGRAVIMETRY,MANUSCRIPTS,SAMPLES,ART},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Vienna, Austria},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {674--683},
  title        = {Micro-Raman analysis of coloured lithographs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-004-2642-x},
  volume       = {379},
  year         = {2004},
}

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