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The influence of reflection on portfolio learning in undergraduate dental education

Sebastiaan Koole UGent, Jacques Vanobbergen UGent, Luc De Visschere UGent, Leen Aper UGent, Tim Dornan and Anselme Derese UGent (2013) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION. 17(1). p.e93-e99
abstract
Introduction : Disparity exists between the growing consensus about the positive effects of reflection on performance and the scarcity of empirical evidence demonstrating this effect. Portfolios are considered a useful instrument to assess and supervise competence-based education and to stimulate reflection. The present study describes the introduction of a portfolio in a social dentistry and oral health promotion course and investigates student reflection as a predictor for the acquisition of the other competences in the course. Methods : Fourth year undergraduate dental students (n = 110) in the course ‘Society and Health’ between 2008 and 2011 collected evidence in their portfolios, demonstrating the acquisition of five competences: the ability to (1) assess the oral health profile of a target group; (2) integrate theoretical models in health promotion; (3) search for and apply scientific evidence; (4) work trans-, multi- and/or trans-disciplinarily; (5) reflect on personal development. Linear regression analysis was used to investigate the predictive value of reflection on the other course related competences. Results : Reflection scores proved to significantly predict other course-related competences, when analysing all students between 2008 and 2011 and for each year separately, explaining between 10.7% and 25.5% of the variance in the other competences. Conclusion : Undergraduate dental students' competences related to social dentistry and oral health promotion were significantly predicted by the reflection scores obtained in a portfolio-based context. In line with the growing consensus about the benefits of reflection for dental students and professionals, results suggest the value to further develop the integration of reflection in dental education and practice.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
reflection, undergraduate dental education, community dentistry, portfolio learning
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION
Eur. J. Dent. Educ.
volume
17
issue
1
pages
e93 - e99
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000312944100024
JCR category
EDUCATION, SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES
JCR impact factor
1.448 (2013)
JCR rank
13/36 (2013)
JCR quartile
2 (2013)
ISSN
1396-5883
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0579.2012.00766.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2919687
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2919687
date created
2012-06-26 10:31:58
date last changed
2015-04-02 10:24:00
@article{2919687,
  abstract     = {Introduction : Disparity exists between the growing consensus about the positive effects of reflection on performance and the scarcity of empirical evidence demonstrating this effect. Portfolios are considered a useful instrument to assess and supervise competence-based education and to stimulate reflection. The present study describes the introduction of a portfolio in a social dentistry and oral health promotion course and investigates student reflection as a predictor for the acquisition of the other competences in the course.
Methods : Fourth year undergraduate dental students (n = 110) in the course {\textquoteleft}Society and Health{\textquoteright} between 2008 and 2011 collected evidence in their portfolios, demonstrating the acquisition of five competences: the ability to (1) assess the oral health profile of a target group; (2) integrate theoretical models in health promotion; (3) search for and apply scientific evidence; (4) work trans-, multi- and/or trans-disciplinarily; (5) reflect on personal development. Linear regression analysis was used to investigate the predictive value of reflection on the other course related competences.
Results : Reflection scores proved to significantly predict other course-related competences, when analysing all students between 2008 and 2011 and for each year separately, explaining between 10.7\% and 25.5\% of the variance in the other competences.
Conclusion : Undergraduate dental students' competences related to social dentistry and oral health promotion were significantly predicted by the reflection scores obtained in a portfolio-based context. In line with the growing consensus about the benefits of reflection for dental students and professionals, results suggest the value to further develop the integration of reflection in dental education and practice.},
  author       = {Koole, Sebastiaan and Vanobbergen, Jacques and De Visschere, Luc and Aper, Leen and Dornan, Tim and Derese, Anselme},
  issn         = {1396-5883},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION},
  keyword      = {reflection,undergraduate dental education,community dentistry,portfolio learning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {e93--e99},
  title        = {The influence of reflection on portfolio learning in undergraduate dental education},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0579.2012.00766.x},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Koole, Sebastiaan, Jacques Vanobbergen, Luc De Visschere, Leen Aper, Tim Dornan, and Anselme Derese. 2013. “The Influence of Reflection on Portfolio Learning in Undergraduate Dental Education.” European Journal of Dental Education 17 (1): e93–e99.
APA
Koole, S., Vanobbergen, J., De Visschere, L., Aper, L., Dornan, T., & Derese, A. (2013). The influence of reflection on portfolio learning in undergraduate dental education. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, 17(1), e93–e99.
Vancouver
1.
Koole S, Vanobbergen J, De Visschere L, Aper L, Dornan T, Derese A. The influence of reflection on portfolio learning in undergraduate dental education. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION. 2013;17(1):e93–e99.
MLA
Koole, Sebastiaan, Jacques Vanobbergen, Luc De Visschere, et al. “The Influence of Reflection on Portfolio Learning in Undergraduate Dental Education.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION 17.1 (2013): e93–e99. Print.