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Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria

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Abstract
Background: Neighborhood safety is inconsistently related to physical activity, but is seldom studied in developing countries. This study examined associations between perceived neighborhood safety and physical activity among Nigerian adults. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, accelerometer-based physical activity (MVPA), reported walking, perceived crime and traffic safety were measured in 219 Nigerian adults. Logistic regression analysis was conducted, and the odds ratio for meeting health guidelines for MVPA and walking was calculated in relation to four safety variables, after adjustment for potential confounders. Results: Sufficient MVPA was related to more perception of safety from traffic to walk (OR = 2.28, CI = 1.13-6.25) and more safety from crime at night (OR = 1.68, CI = 1.07-3.64), but with less perception of safety from crime during the day to walk (OR = 0.34, CI = 0.06- 0.91). More crime safety during the day and night were associated with more walking. Conclusions: Perceived safety from crime and traffic were associated with physical activity among Nigerian adults. These findings provide preliminary evidence on the need to provide safe traffic and crime environments that will make it easier and more likely for African adults to be physically active.
Keywords
ATTRIBUTES, UNITED-STATES, SWEDISH ADULTS, ASSOCIATION, WALKING, BELGIAN ADULTS, COMPUTER-SCIENCE, ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT, Africa, Neighborhood, Transportation, Walking

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MLA
Oyeyemi, Adewale L et al. “Perceived Crime and Traffic Safety Is Related to Physical Activity Among Adults in Nigeria.” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 12 (2012): n. pag. Print.
APA
Oyeyemi, A. L., Adegoke, B. O., Sallis, J. F., Oyeyemi, A., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2012). Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 12.
Chicago author-date
Oyeyemi, Adewale L, Babatunde O Adegoke, James F Sallis, Adetoyeje Oyeyemi, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2012. “Perceived Crime and Traffic Safety Is Related to Physical Activity Among Adults in Nigeria.” Bmc Public Health 12.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Oyeyemi, Adewale L, Babatunde O Adegoke, James F Sallis, Adetoyeje Oyeyemi, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2012. “Perceived Crime and Traffic Safety Is Related to Physical Activity Among Adults in Nigeria.” Bmc Public Health 12.
Vancouver
1.
Oyeyemi AL, Adegoke BO, Sallis JF, Oyeyemi A, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2012;12.
IEEE
[1]
A. L. Oyeyemi, B. O. Adegoke, J. F. Sallis, A. Oyeyemi, and I. De Bourdeaudhuij, “Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria,” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 12, 2012.
@article{2919300,
  abstract     = {Background: Neighborhood safety is inconsistently related to physical activity, but is seldom studied in developing countries. This study examined associations between perceived neighborhood safety and physical activity among Nigerian adults.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, accelerometer-based physical activity (MVPA), reported walking, perceived crime and traffic safety were measured in 219 Nigerian adults. Logistic regression analysis was conducted, and the odds ratio for meeting health guidelines for MVPA and walking was calculated in relation to four safety variables, after adjustment for potential confounders.
Results: Sufficient MVPA was related to more perception of safety from traffic to walk (OR = 2.28, CI = 1.13-6.25) and more safety from crime at night (OR = 1.68, CI = 1.07-3.64), but with less perception of safety from crime during the day to walk (OR = 0.34, CI = 0.06- 0.91). More crime safety during the day and night were associated with more walking.
Conclusions: Perceived safety from crime and traffic were associated with physical activity among Nigerian adults. These findings provide preliminary evidence on the need to provide safe traffic and crime environments that will make it easier and more likely for African adults to be physically active.},
  articleno    = {94},
  author       = {Oyeyemi, Adewale L and Adegoke, Babatunde O and Sallis, James F and Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {ATTRIBUTES,UNITED-STATES,SWEDISH ADULTS,ASSOCIATION,WALKING,BELGIAN ADULTS,COMPUTER-SCIENCE,ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT,Africa,Neighborhood,Transportation,Walking},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-294},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

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