Advanced search
1 file | 316.12 KB Add to list

Schmallenberg virus: emergence of an Orthobunyavirus among ruminants in Western Europe

Author
Organization
Abstract
Recently, a novel virus has been identified among ruminants in Western Europe. This virus, the so-called Schmallenberg virus, belongs to the family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus, serogroup Simbu and is closely related to Akabane, Aino and Shamonda virus. In cattle, acute symptoms in the dam and adult animals generally include high fever, milk drop and diarrhea among others. More importantly, infection during gestation may lead to abortion, stillbirth and congenital malformations. As all bunyaviruses, Schmallenberg virus also uses vectors for efficient transmission. Closely related viruses causing similar symptoms, such as Akabane and Akabane-like viruses, are mainly transmitted by Culicoides. It is very likely that Schmallenberg virus is transmitted by similar vectors. This review provides an overview of Bunyaviridae, their epidemiology, symptoms, prevention and control. Special emphasis is put on the Simbu serogroup of the Orthobunyavirus genus pointing out the similarities between them and closely related members.
Keywords
AKABANE VIRUS, VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, CONGENITAL-ABNORMALITIES, NORTHERN EUROPE, CLIMATE-CHANGE, BLUETONGUE, CALVES, ANTIBODIES, INFECTION, TIME

Downloads

  • Authors copy Review Schmallenberg virus.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 316.12 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Steukers, Lennert et al. “Schmallenberg Virus: Emergence of an Orthobunyavirus Among Ruminants in Western Europe.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 81.3 (2012): 119–127. Print.
APA
Steukers, L., Bertels, G., Cay, A. B., & Nauwynck, H. (2012). Schmallenberg virus: emergence of an Orthobunyavirus among ruminants in Western Europe. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 81(3), 119–127.
Chicago author-date
Steukers, Lennert, Guido Bertels, Ann Brigitte Cay, and Hans Nauwynck. 2012. “Schmallenberg Virus: Emergence of an Orthobunyavirus Among Ruminants in Western Europe.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 81 (3): 119–127.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Steukers, Lennert, Guido Bertels, Ann Brigitte Cay, and Hans Nauwynck. 2012. “Schmallenberg Virus: Emergence of an Orthobunyavirus Among Ruminants in Western Europe.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 81 (3): 119–127.
Vancouver
1.
Steukers L, Bertels G, Cay AB, Nauwynck H. Schmallenberg virus: emergence of an Orthobunyavirus among ruminants in Western Europe. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2012;81(3):119–27.
IEEE
[1]
L. Steukers, G. Bertels, A. B. Cay, and H. Nauwynck, “Schmallenberg virus: emergence of an Orthobunyavirus among ruminants in Western Europe,” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 119–127, 2012.
@article{2915553,
  abstract     = {{Recently, a novel virus has been identified among ruminants in Western Europe. This virus, the so-called Schmallenberg virus, belongs to the family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus, serogroup Simbu and is closely related to Akabane, Aino and Shamonda virus. In cattle, acute symptoms in the dam and adult animals generally include high fever, milk drop and diarrhea among others. More importantly, infection during gestation may lead to abortion, stillbirth and congenital malformations. As all bunyaviruses, Schmallenberg virus also uses vectors for efficient transmission. Closely related viruses causing similar symptoms, such as Akabane and Akabane-like viruses, are mainly transmitted by Culicoides. It is very likely that Schmallenberg virus is transmitted by similar vectors. This review provides an overview of Bunyaviridae, their epidemiology, symptoms, prevention and control. Special emphasis is put on the Simbu serogroup of the Orthobunyavirus genus pointing out the similarities between them and closely related members.}},
  author       = {{Steukers, Lennert and Bertels, Guido and Cay, Ann Brigitte and Nauwynck, Hans}},
  issn         = {{0303-9021}},
  journal      = {{VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT}},
  keywords     = {{AKABANE VIRUS,VALLEY FEVER VIRUS,CONGENITAL-ABNORMALITIES,NORTHERN EUROPE,CLIMATE-CHANGE,BLUETONGUE,CALVES,ANTIBODIES,INFECTION,TIME}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{119--127}},
  title        = {{Schmallenberg virus: emergence of an Orthobunyavirus among ruminants in Western Europe}},
  url          = {{http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=718}},
  volume       = {{81}},
  year         = {{2012}},
}

Web of Science
Times cited: