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Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini)

Hilde Eggermont (UGent) and Dirk Verschuren (UGent)
(2003) JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY. 29(4). p.423-457
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Abstract
Analysis of subfossil remains of larval Chironomidae in 38 surface-sediment samples from between 53 and 189 meter depth in Lake Tanganyika (East Africa) yielded 77 morphotypes, among which 7 Tanypodinae, 19 Orthocladiinae, and 51 Chironominae. Character-state differences between these morphotypes resemble differences at the species level in the better-known Holarctic fauna, hence we consider most of our Lake Tanganyika morphotypes equivalent to morphological species. Individual morphotypes were identified to species, genus, or tribe level depending on current alpha-taxonomic knowledge on the larvae of the group concerned, and the taxonomic resolution of preserved diagnostic features. This paper presents taxon diagnoses and an illustrated key to the Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini) in this collection. As the living chironomid fauna of Lake Tanganyika has never been comprehensively studied, we also briefly discuss faunistic aspects, and the ecology of the recovered species and genera in relation to benthic habitat diversity in Lake Tanganyika.
Keywords
Tanytarsini, taxonomy, paleolimnology, morphotypes, Lake Tanganyika, Chironomidae, Chironomini, DIPTERA, SEDIMENTS, GENUS

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MLA
Eggermont, Hilde, and Dirk Verschuren. “Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini).” JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY, vol. 29, no. 4, 2003, pp. 423–57, doi:10.1023/A:1024492119609.
APA
Eggermont, H., & Verschuren, D. (2003). Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini). JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY, 29(4), 423–457. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024492119609
Chicago author-date
Eggermont, Hilde, and Dirk Verschuren. 2003. “Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini).” JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY 29 (4): 423–57. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024492119609.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Eggermont, Hilde, and Dirk Verschuren. 2003. “Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini).” JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY 29 (4): 423–457. doi:10.1023/A:1024492119609.
Vancouver
1.
Eggermont H, Verschuren D. Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini). JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY. 2003;29(4):423–57.
IEEE
[1]
H. Eggermont and D. Verschuren, “Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini),” JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 423–457, 2003.
@article{288904,
  abstract     = {{Analysis of subfossil remains of larval Chironomidae in 38 surface-sediment samples from between 53 and 189 meter depth in Lake Tanganyika (East Africa) yielded 77 morphotypes, among which 7 Tanypodinae, 19 Orthocladiinae, and 51 Chironominae. Character-state differences between these morphotypes resemble differences at the species level in the better-known Holarctic fauna, hence we consider most of our Lake Tanganyika morphotypes equivalent to morphological species. Individual morphotypes were identified to species, genus, or tribe level depending on current alpha-taxonomic knowledge on the larvae of the group concerned, and the taxonomic resolution of preserved diagnostic features. This paper presents taxon diagnoses and an illustrated key to the Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini) in this collection. As the living chironomid fauna of Lake Tanganyika has never been comprehensively studied, we also briefly discuss faunistic aspects, and the ecology of the recovered species and genera in relation to benthic habitat diversity in Lake Tanganyika.}},
  author       = {{Eggermont, Hilde and Verschuren, Dirk}},
  issn         = {{0921-2728}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Tanytarsini,taxonomy,paleolimnology,morphotypes,Lake Tanganyika,Chironomidae,Chironomini,DIPTERA,SEDIMENTS,GENUS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{423--457}},
  title        = {{Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, 2: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini)}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024492119609}},
  volume       = {{29}},
  year         = {{2003}},
}

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