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Ryegrass response to mineral fertilization and organic amendment with municipal solid waste compost in two tropical agricultural soils of Mali

M Soumare, Filip Tack (UGent) and Marc Verloo (UGent)
(2003) JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION. 26(6). p.1169-1188
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Organization
Abstract
A pot experiment was conducted to assess the effect of mineral fertilization and compost on the growth and chemical composition of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) grown on two Malian agricultural soils coming from Baguineda, abbreviated as Bgda, (12degrees23'S, 7degrees45'W) and Gao (16degrees18'N, 0degrees). Treatments included non-fertilized control, NPK alone, NPK + C-25, NPK + C-50, NPK + C-100, PK + C-50, NK + C-50, NP + C-50, K + C-50, P + C-50, N + C-50, and C-50 alone, where NPK represents the non modified Hoagland's solution and C-25, C-50, and C-100 represent the different rates (25, 50, and 100 T/ha) of compost. Compost and mineral fertilization significantly increased dry matter production. The application of 50 T/ha of compost alone increased the dry matter yield by 10 and 17.5% while mineral nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (NPK) increased yield by 69.7 and 65% for Gao and Bgda, respectively. The combination of compost and mineral NPK (NPK + C-25 for Gao and NPK + C-50 for Bgda) affected the highest dry matter yield. For both soils, N concentrations in plants increased significantly with compost rate. Phosphorus and K concentrations in plants varied according to the soil. The application of compost increased the uptake of iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and potassium (K from both soils). Increases in soil organic carbon, available P, calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, K, and pH were observed in treatments receiving compost. Therefore, compost appeared to be a good supplier of nutrients for tropical soils.
Keywords
rye grass, greenhouse, municipal solid waste compost, Hoagland's solution, Mali, CHEMICAL-PROPERTIES, SEWAGE-SLUDGE, HEAVY-METALS, MANURE COMPOST, WEST-AFRICA, AVAILABILITY, PHOSPHORUS, PRODUCTIVITY, MANAGEMENT, SYSTEM

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Chicago
Soumare, M, Filip Tack, and Marc Verloo. 2003. “Ryegrass Response to Mineral Fertilization and Organic Amendment with Municipal Solid Waste Compost in Two Tropical Agricultural Soils of Mali.” Journal of Plant Nutrition 26 (6): 1169–1188.
APA
Soumare, M., Tack, F., & Verloo, M. (2003). Ryegrass response to mineral fertilization and organic amendment with municipal solid waste compost in two tropical agricultural soils of Mali. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION, 26(6), 1169–1188.
Vancouver
1.
Soumare M, Tack F, Verloo M. Ryegrass response to mineral fertilization and organic amendment with municipal solid waste compost in two tropical agricultural soils of Mali. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION. 2003;26(6):1169–88.
MLA
Soumare, M, Filip Tack, and Marc Verloo. “Ryegrass Response to Mineral Fertilization and Organic Amendment with Municipal Solid Waste Compost in Two Tropical Agricultural Soils of Mali.” JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION 26.6 (2003): 1169–1188. Print.
@article{287876,
  abstract     = {A pot experiment was conducted to assess the effect of mineral fertilization and compost on the growth and chemical composition of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) grown on two Malian agricultural soils coming from Baguineda, abbreviated as Bgda, (12degrees23'S, 7degrees45'W) and Gao (16degrees18'N, 0degrees). Treatments included non-fertilized control, NPK alone, NPK + C-25, NPK + C-50, NPK + C-100, PK + C-50, NK + C-50, NP + C-50, K + C-50, P + C-50, N + C-50, and C-50 alone, where NPK represents the non modified Hoagland's solution and C-25, C-50, and C-100 represent the different rates (25, 50, and 100 T/ha) of compost. Compost and mineral fertilization significantly increased dry matter production. The application of 50 T/ha of compost alone increased the dry matter yield by 10 and 17.5\% while mineral nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (NPK) increased yield by 69.7 and 65\% for Gao and Bgda, respectively. The combination of compost and mineral NPK (NPK + C-25 for Gao and NPK + C-50 for Bgda) affected the highest dry matter yield. For both soils, N concentrations in plants increased significantly with compost rate. Phosphorus and K concentrations in plants varied according to the soil. The application of compost increased the uptake of iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and potassium (K from both soils). Increases in soil organic carbon, available P, calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, K, and pH were observed in treatments receiving compost. Therefore, compost appeared to be a good supplier of nutrients for tropical soils.},
  author       = {Soumare, M and Tack, Filip and Verloo, Marc},
  issn         = {0190-4167},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {rye grass,greenhouse,municipal solid waste compost,Hoagland's solution,Mali,CHEMICAL-PROPERTIES,SEWAGE-SLUDGE,HEAVY-METALS,MANURE COMPOST,WEST-AFRICA,AVAILABILITY,PHOSPHORUS,PRODUCTIVITY,MANAGEMENT,SYSTEM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1169--1188},
  title        = {Ryegrass response to mineral fertilization and organic amendment with municipal solid waste compost in two tropical agricultural soils of Mali},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/PLN-120020363},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2003},
}

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