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White matter changes on CT and MRI: an overview of visual rating scales

(1998) EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY. 39(2). p.80-89
Author
Abstract
Since the recognition of white matter changes on CT (leukoaraiosis), rating-scales for the location and severity of white matter changes have been developed, mainly for research purposes, to investigate factors such as the relation with cognition, risk factors, and pathology. The main purpose of rating scales is to provide scores that can be used in statistical analyses, The development of the NINDS-AIREN criteria for vascular dementia have introduced a new application for these rating scales in investigating and delineating the amount of white matter changes on CT/MRI sufficient to fulfill the criteria, Furthermore, in Alzheimer's disease, recognition of white matter changes may serve to delineate homogeneous groups and help to identify patients with different symptomatology. We reviewed the existing rating scales for CT and MRI and judged their properties and reliability, The ideal rating scale does not yet exist, but different rating scales may serve different purposes, for which some recommendations are made.
Keywords
visual rating scales, leukoaraiosis, computed tomography magnetic resonance imaging, white matter changes, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, PERIVENTRICULAR LESIONS, CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH, SIGNAL HYPERINTENSITIES, VASCULAR DEMENTIA, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, SCAN LEUKO-ARAIOSIS, CAROTID-ARTERY DISEASE, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE IMAGES, CEREBROVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Scheltens, PH, T Erkinjunti, D Leys, et al. “White Matter Changes on CT and MRI: An Overview of Visual Rating Scales.” EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY 39.2 (1998): 80–89. Print.
APA
Scheltens, P., Erkinjunti, T., Leys, D., Wahlund, L., Inzitari, D., del Ser, T., Pasquier, F., et al. (1998). White matter changes on CT and MRI: an overview of visual rating scales. EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY, 39(2), 80–89.
Chicago author-date
Scheltens, PH, T Erkinjunti, D Leys, LO Wahlund, D Inzitari, T del Ser, F Pasquier, et al. 1998. “White Matter Changes on CT and MRI: An Overview of Visual Rating Scales.” European Neurology 39 (2): 80–89.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Scheltens, PH, T Erkinjunti, D Leys, LO Wahlund, D Inzitari, T del Ser, F Pasquier, F Barkhof, R Mantyla, J Bowler, A Wallin, J Ghika, F Fazekas, and L Pantoni. 1998. “White Matter Changes on CT and MRI: An Overview of Visual Rating Scales.” European Neurology 39 (2): 80–89.
Vancouver
1.
Scheltens P, Erkinjunti T, Leys D, Wahlund L, Inzitari D, del Ser T, et al. White matter changes on CT and MRI: an overview of visual rating scales. EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY. 1998;39(2):80–9.
IEEE
[1]
P. Scheltens et al., “White matter changes on CT and MRI: an overview of visual rating scales,” EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 80–89, 1998.
@article{279834,
  abstract     = {Since the recognition of white matter changes on CT (leukoaraiosis), rating-scales for the location and severity of white matter changes have been developed, mainly for research purposes, to investigate factors such as the relation with cognition, risk factors, and pathology. The main purpose of rating scales is to provide scores that can be used in statistical analyses, The development of the NINDS-AIREN criteria for vascular dementia have introduced a new application for these rating scales in investigating and delineating the amount of white matter changes on CT/MRI sufficient to fulfill the criteria, Furthermore, in Alzheimer's disease, recognition of white matter changes may serve to delineate homogeneous groups and help to identify patients with different symptomatology. We reviewed the existing rating scales for CT and MRI and judged their properties and reliability, The ideal rating scale does not yet exist, but different rating scales may serve different purposes, for which some recommendations are made.},
  author       = {Scheltens, PH and Erkinjunti, T and Leys, D and Wahlund, LO and Inzitari, D and del Ser, T and Pasquier, F and Barkhof, F and Mantyla, R and Bowler, J and Wallin, A and Ghika, J and Fazekas, F and Pantoni, L},
  issn         = {0014-3022},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY},
  keywords     = {visual rating scales,leukoaraiosis,computed tomography magnetic resonance imaging,white matter changes,COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY,PERIVENTRICULAR LESIONS,CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH,SIGNAL HYPERINTENSITIES,VASCULAR DEMENTIA,ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE,SCAN LEUKO-ARAIOSIS,CAROTID-ARTERY DISEASE,MAGNETIC-RESONANCE IMAGES,CEREBROVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {80--89},
  title        = {White matter changes on CT and MRI: an overview of visual rating scales},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000007921},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {1998},
}

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