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Retromobilization of heavy metal resistance genes in unpolluted and heavy metal polluted soil

(1995) FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. 18(3). p.191-203
Author
Organization
Abstract
Retromobilization of the nonconjugative (Tra(-)Mob(+)) IncQ vector, pMOL155, and the non-mobilizable (Tra(-)Mob(-)) vector, pMOL149, by means of the IncP plasmids RP4 and pULB113 (RP4::Mu3A), was studied in plate matings and in soil microcosms, and compared with direct and triparental mobilization. Both vectors harbour the czc genes, originating from Alcaligenes eutrophus, which code for resistance to Co, Zn, and Cd, The donor of the czc genes was Escherichia coli which did not express these genes. The recipient, Alcaligenes eutrophus, expressed the czc genes very well. Retromobilization, direct and triparental mobilization of pMOL155 was observed in sterile soil. Both the addition of nutrients and heavy metals significantly enhanced the number of (retro)transconjugants. Retromobilization was also detected in nutrient amended nonsterile soil, but the presence of the autochthonous soil biot a strongly reduced the number of retrotransconjugants and also prevented their increase upon application of heavy metals to the soil. Retromobilization of the czc genes, cloned in pMOL149, by using pULB113 was also observed, yet only in sterile, nutrient amended, heavy metal polluted soil.
Keywords
INCP-INCQ PLASMID, RETROMOBILIZATION, HEAVY METAL POLLUTION, SELECTIVE PRESSURE, ALCALIGENES-EUTROPHUS CH34, BROAD HOST-RANGE, GENETICALLY ENGINEERED BACTERIA, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, CHROMOSOMAL MARKERS, WASTE-WATER, PLASMID, STRAINS, RETROTRANSFER, MOBILIZATION

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MLA
Top, Eva, Hélène De Rore, JM Collard, et al. “Retromobilization of Heavy Metal Resistance Genes in Unpolluted and Heavy Metal Polluted Soil.” FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY 18.3 (1995): 191–203. Print.
APA
Top, E., De Rore, H., Collard, J., Gellens, V., Slobodkina, G., Verstraete, W., & Mergeay, M. (1995). Retromobilization of heavy metal resistance genes in unpolluted and heavy metal polluted soil. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY, 18(3), 191–203.
Chicago author-date
Top, Eva, Hélène De Rore, JM Collard, Veerle Gellens, G Slobodkina, Willy Verstraete, and M Mergeay. 1995. “Retromobilization of Heavy Metal Resistance Genes in Unpolluted and Heavy Metal Polluted Soil.” Fems Microbiology Ecology 18 (3): 191–203.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Top, Eva, Hélène De Rore, JM Collard, Veerle Gellens, G Slobodkina, Willy Verstraete, and M Mergeay. 1995. “Retromobilization of Heavy Metal Resistance Genes in Unpolluted and Heavy Metal Polluted Soil.” Fems Microbiology Ecology 18 (3): 191–203.
Vancouver
1.
Top E, De Rore H, Collard J, Gellens V, Slobodkina G, Verstraete W, et al. Retromobilization of heavy metal resistance genes in unpolluted and heavy metal polluted soil. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. 1995;18(3):191–203.
IEEE
[1]
E. Top et al., “Retromobilization of heavy metal resistance genes in unpolluted and heavy metal polluted soil,” FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 191–203, 1995.
@article{266372,
  abstract     = {{Retromobilization of the nonconjugative (Tra(-)Mob(+)) IncQ vector, pMOL155, and the non-mobilizable (Tra(-)Mob(-)) vector, pMOL149, by means of the IncP plasmids RP4 and pULB113 (RP4::Mu3A), was studied in plate matings and in soil microcosms, and compared with direct and triparental mobilization. Both vectors harbour the czc genes, originating from Alcaligenes eutrophus, which code for resistance to Co, Zn, and Cd, The donor of the czc genes was Escherichia coli which did not express these genes. The recipient, Alcaligenes eutrophus, expressed the czc genes very well. Retromobilization, direct and triparental mobilization of pMOL155 was observed in sterile soil. Both the addition of nutrients and heavy metals significantly enhanced the number of (retro)transconjugants. Retromobilization was also detected in nutrient amended nonsterile soil, but the presence of the autochthonous soil biot a strongly reduced the number of retrotransconjugants and also prevented their increase upon application of heavy metals to the soil. Retromobilization of the czc genes, cloned in pMOL149, by using pULB113 was also observed, yet only in sterile, nutrient amended, heavy metal polluted soil.}},
  author       = {{Top, Eva and De Rore, Hélène and Collard, JM and Gellens, Veerle and Slobodkina, G and Verstraete, Willy and Mergeay, M}},
  issn         = {{0168-6496}},
  journal      = {{FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{INCP-INCQ PLASMID,RETROMOBILIZATION,HEAVY METAL POLLUTION,SELECTIVE PRESSURE,ALCALIGENES-EUTROPHUS CH34,BROAD HOST-RANGE,GENETICALLY ENGINEERED BACTERIA,ESCHERICHIA-COLI,CHROMOSOMAL MARKERS,WASTE-WATER,PLASMID,STRAINS,RETROTRANSFER,MOBILIZATION}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{191--203}},
  title        = {{Retromobilization of heavy metal resistance genes in unpolluted and heavy metal polluted soil}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0168-6496(95)00054-7}},
  volume       = {{18}},
  year         = {{1995}},
}

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