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Institutional variations in problem choice and persistence among scientists in an emerging field

(1994) RESEARCH POLICY. 23(4). p.425-441
Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper examines institutional variations in the factors that influence scientists in their choice and persistence in an area of research. More specifically, we study the problem choice behavior of early and late entrants in an emerging field. Early entrants are defined as those scientists who initiate and continue working in a field before it is widely perceived as significant or even legitimate by their peers. Evidence is presented from an international survey of more than 700 scientists working in the field of neural networks. Elaborating on previous results, which find that early entrants differ from late entrants in both their motivations to enter and their intentions to remain in the field, this study suggests that it is academic scientists who merit special distinction. In general, compared with other scientists, early entrants in academia are more deeply influenced by the intrinsic intellectual appeal of the field and are less influenced by the social dynamics of the research community. No difference is found between early and late entrants who are employed in commercial institutions.
Keywords
BASIC RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY, SCIENCE, PRODUCTIVITY, POSITION

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Debackere, Koenraad, and MA Rappa. “Institutional Variations in Problem Choice and Persistence Among Scientists in an Emerging Field.” RESEARCH POLICY 23.4 (1994): 425–441. Print.
APA
Debackere, K., & Rappa, M. (1994). Institutional variations in problem choice and persistence among scientists in an emerging field. RESEARCH POLICY, 23(4), 425–441.
Chicago author-date
Debackere, Koenraad, and MA Rappa. 1994. “Institutional Variations in Problem Choice and Persistence Among Scientists in an Emerging Field.” Research Policy 23 (4): 425–441.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Debackere, Koenraad, and MA Rappa. 1994. “Institutional Variations in Problem Choice and Persistence Among Scientists in an Emerging Field.” Research Policy 23 (4): 425–441.
Vancouver
1.
Debackere K, Rappa M. Institutional variations in problem choice and persistence among scientists in an emerging field. RESEARCH POLICY. 1994;23(4):425–41.
IEEE
[1]
K. Debackere and M. Rappa, “Institutional variations in problem choice and persistence among scientists in an emerging field,” RESEARCH POLICY, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 425–441, 1994.
@article{248437,
  abstract     = {This paper examines institutional variations in the factors that influence scientists in their choice and persistence in an area of research. More specifically, we study the problem choice behavior of early and late entrants in an emerging field. Early entrants are defined as those scientists who initiate and continue working in a field before it is widely perceived as significant or even legitimate by their peers. Evidence is presented from an international survey of more than 700 scientists working in the field of neural networks. Elaborating on previous results, which find that early entrants differ from late entrants in both their motivations to enter and their intentions to remain in the field, this study suggests that it is academic scientists who merit special distinction. In general, compared with other scientists, early entrants in academia are more deeply influenced by the intrinsic intellectual appeal of the field and are less influenced by the social dynamics of the research community. No difference is found between early and late entrants who are employed in commercial institutions.},
  author       = {Debackere, Koenraad and Rappa, MA},
  issn         = {0048-7333},
  journal      = {RESEARCH POLICY},
  keywords     = {BASIC RESEARCH,TECHNOLOGY,SCIENCE,PRODUCTIVITY,POSITION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {425--441},
  title        = {Institutional variations in problem choice and persistence among scientists in an emerging field},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(94)90006-X},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {1994},
}

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