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Differences in physical fitness and gross motor coordination in boys aged 6-12 years specializing in one versus sampling more than one sport

Job Fransen, Johan Pion UGent, Joric Vandendriessche UGent, Barbara Vandorpe UGent, Roel Vaeyens UGent, Matthieu Lenoir UGent and Renaat Philippaerts (2012) JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES. 30(4). p.379-386
abstract
The Developmental Model of Sports Participation proposes two pathways towards expertise in sports between 6 and 12 years of age: early specialization and early diversification. This study investigated the effect of sampling various sports and of spending many or few hours in sports on fitness and gross motor coordination. Altogether, 735 boys in three age groups (6-8, 8-10, and 10-12 years) were profiled using a fitness test battery. A computerized physical activity questionnaire was used to obtain data on sports participation. In the eldest group, (M)ANCOVA showed a positive effect of sampling various sports on strength, speed, endurance, and gross motor coordination (P < 0.05). A positive effect of many hours per week spent in sports was apparent in every age group. These data suggest an acute positive effect of many hours in sports and a latent positive effect of early sampling on fitness and gross motor coordination. Multiple comparisons revealed that boys aged 10-12 years, who spent many hours in various sports, performed better on standing broad jump (P < 0.05) and gross motor coordination (P < 0.05) than boys specializing in a single sport. Therefore, our results highlight the importance of spending many hours in sports and sampling various sports in the development of fitness and gross motor coordination.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
RISKS, ENGAGEMENT, EXPERTISE, IDENTIFICATION, TALENT, CHILDREN, PERFORMANCE, DELIBERATE PRACTICE, ICE HOCKEY PLAYERS, diversification, sports, Development
journal title
JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES
J. Sports Sci.
volume
30
issue
4
pages
379 - 386
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000302103300006
JCR category
SPORT SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
2.082 (2012)
JCR rank
22/84 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0264-0414
DOI
10.1080/02640414.2011.642808
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2346615
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2346615
date created
2012-06-18 10:25:43
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:55
@article{2346615,
  abstract     = {The Developmental Model of Sports Participation proposes two pathways towards expertise in sports between 6 and 12 years of age: early specialization and early diversification. This study investigated the effect of sampling various sports and of spending many or few hours in sports on fitness and gross motor coordination. Altogether, 735 boys in three age groups (6-8, 8-10, and 10-12 years) were profiled using a fitness test battery. A computerized physical activity questionnaire was used to obtain data on sports participation. In the eldest group, (M)ANCOVA showed a positive effect of sampling various sports on strength, speed, endurance, and gross motor coordination (P {\textlangle} 0.05). A positive effect of many hours per week spent in sports was apparent in every age group. These data suggest an acute positive effect of many hours in sports and a latent positive effect of early sampling on fitness and gross motor coordination. Multiple comparisons revealed that boys aged 10-12 years, who spent many hours in various sports, performed better on standing broad jump (P {\textlangle} 0.05) and gross motor coordination (P {\textlangle} 0.05) than boys specializing in a single sport. Therefore, our results highlight the importance of spending many hours in sports and sampling various sports in the development of fitness and gross motor coordination.},
  author       = {Fransen, Job and Pion, Johan and Vandendriessche, Joric and Vandorpe, Barbara and Vaeyens, Roel and Lenoir, Matthieu and Philippaerts, Renaat},
  issn         = {0264-0414},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES},
  keyword      = {RISKS,ENGAGEMENT,EXPERTISE,IDENTIFICATION,TALENT,CHILDREN,PERFORMANCE,DELIBERATE PRACTICE,ICE HOCKEY PLAYERS,diversification,sports,Development},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {379--386},
  title        = {Differences in physical fitness and gross motor coordination in boys aged 6-12 years specializing in one versus sampling more than one sport},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.642808},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Fransen, Job, Johan Pion, Joric Vandendriessche, Barbara Vandorpe, Roel Vaeyens, Matthieu Lenoir, and Renaat Philippaerts. 2012. “Differences in Physical Fitness and Gross Motor Coordination in Boys Aged 6-12 Years Specializing in One Versus Sampling More Than One Sport.” Journal of Sports Sciences 30 (4): 379–386.
APA
Fransen, Job, Pion, J., Vandendriessche, J., Vandorpe, B., Vaeyens, R., Lenoir, M., & Philippaerts, R. (2012). Differences in physical fitness and gross motor coordination in boys aged 6-12 years specializing in one versus sampling more than one sport. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 30(4), 379–386.
Vancouver
1.
Fransen J, Pion J, Vandendriessche J, Vandorpe B, Vaeyens R, Lenoir M, et al. Differences in physical fitness and gross motor coordination in boys aged 6-12 years specializing in one versus sampling more than one sport. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES. 2012;30(4):379–86.
MLA
Fransen, Job, Johan Pion, Joric Vandendriessche, et al. “Differences in Physical Fitness and Gross Motor Coordination in Boys Aged 6-12 Years Specializing in One Versus Sampling More Than One Sport.” JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES 30.4 (2012): 379–386. Print.