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The influence of polyamide 6 nanofibres on the mechanical properties of glass fibre/epoxy composites

Bert De Schoenmaker UGent, Ives De Baere UGent, Wim Van Paepegem UGent and Karen De Clerck UGent (2012) 2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts. p.6-6
abstract
Many literature is available on the use ofnanofibres for tissue engineering, (bio)mcdicaJ applications, filtration and others, Their possibilities for composites have however much less been exploited. Owing to the high specific surface and low fibre diameter of nanofibres, they are very promising as secondary reinforcement for composites. Therefore, this research focuses on the mechanical properties of an epoxy resin with unidirectional glass fibres as primary reinforcement and polyamide 6 nanofibres as secondary reinforcement. Glass fibre composite plates are compared with composite plates with free interlayered nanofibrous nonwovens and with nanofibres directly electrospun on the unidirectional glass fibre mats. These interlayer nanofibrous structures, approximately 35 )!m thick, were obtained by solvent nozzle electrospinning and had an average fibre diameter of 136 ± 18 nm. The [OO,900h composite plates were produced through the resin transfer moulding process and mechanically characterized by tensile tests. The knee point of the composite plates significantly increased when nanofibres were added between the glass fibre layers, which imply that the matrix was strongly strengthened by the incorporated nanofibres. Also the shear modulus and strength under 45° increased with free interlayered nanofibres. When the nanofibres were directly electrospun on the glass fibres, the strength was even higher. Furthermore, the ratio of Poisson was considerably better when secondary nanofibres were added, especially when they were directly electrospun on the glass fibres. In conclusion, the nanofibrous nonwovens improve the mechanical properties of the glass fibre/epoxy composite plates, especially when loaded under 45°. This research highlights the advantages of adding nanofibres to glass fibre composites, and thus creating an innovative application area for nanofibres.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
published
subject
in
2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts
pages
6 - 6
publisher
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea
place of publication
Jeju, Korea
conference name
2th International Conference on Electrospinning (ELECTROSPIN 2012)
conference location
Jeju, Korea
conference start
2012-05-29
conference end
2012-06-01
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C3
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2154244
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2154244
date created
2012-06-14 17:16:11
date last changed
2012-06-15 14:52:46
@inproceedings{2154244,
  abstract     = {Many literature is available on the use ofnanofibres for tissue engineering, (bio)mcdicaJ applications, filtration and others, Their possibilities for composites have however much less been exploited. Owing to the high specific surface and low fibre diameter of nanofibres, they are very promising as secondary reinforcement for composites. Therefore, this research focuses on the mechanical properties of an epoxy resin with unidirectional glass fibres as primary reinforcement and polyamide 6 nanofibres as secondary reinforcement. Glass fibre composite plates are compared with composite plates with free interlayered nanofibrous nonwovens and with nanofibres directly electrospun on the unidirectional glass fibre mats. These interlayer nanofibrous structures, approximately 35 )!m thick, were obtained by solvent nozzle electrospinning and had an average fibre diameter of 136 {\textpm} 18 nm. The [OO,900h composite plates were produced through the resin transfer moulding process and mechanically characterized by tensile tests. The knee point of the composite plates significantly increased when nanofibres were added between the glass fibre layers, which imply that the matrix was strongly strengthened by the incorporated nanofibres. Also the shear modulus and strength under 45{\textdegree} increased with free interlayered nanofibres. When the nanofibres were directly electrospun on the glass fibres, the strength was even higher. Furthermore, the ratio of Poisson was considerably better when secondary nanofibres were added, especially when they were directly electrospun on the glass fibres. In conclusion, the nanofibrous nonwovens improve the mechanical properties of the glass fibre/epoxy composite plates, especially when loaded under 45{\textdegree}. This research highlights the advantages of adding nanofibres to glass fibre composites, and thus creating an innovative application area for nanofibres.},
  author       = {De Schoenmaker, Bert and De Baere, Ives and Van Paepegem, Wim and De Clerck, Karen},
  booktitle    = {2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Jeju, Korea},
  pages        = {6--6},
  publisher    = {Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea},
  title        = {The influence of polyamide 6 nanofibres on the mechanical properties of glass fibre/epoxy composites},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
De Schoenmaker, Bert, Ives De Baere, Wim Van Paepegem, and Karen De Clerck. 2012. “The Influence of Polyamide 6 Nanofibres on the Mechanical Properties of Glass Fibre/epoxy Composites.” In 2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts, 6–6. Jeju, Korea: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea.
APA
De Schoenmaker, B., De Baere, I., Van Paepegem, W., & De Clerck, K. (2012). The influence of polyamide 6 nanofibres on the mechanical properties of glass fibre/epoxy composites. 2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts (pp. 6–6). Presented at the 2th International Conference on Electrospinning (ELECTROSPIN 2012), Jeju, Korea: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea.
Vancouver
1.
De Schoenmaker B, De Baere I, Van Paepegem W, De Clerck K. The influence of polyamide 6 nanofibres on the mechanical properties of glass fibre/epoxy composites. 2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts. Jeju, Korea: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea; 2012. p. 6–6.
MLA
De Schoenmaker, Bert, Ives De Baere, Wim Van Paepegem, et al. “The Influence of Polyamide 6 Nanofibres on the Mechanical Properties of Glass Fibre/epoxy Composites.” 2th International Conference on Electrospinning, Abstracts. Jeju, Korea: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea, 2012. 6–6. Print.