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Nitrogen mineralization of two manures as influenced by contrasting application methods under laboratory conditions

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Abstract
The decomposition and the associated nitrogen (N) dynamics of organic N sources are affected by their contact with soil. While several authors have examined the effect of surface application or incorporation of crop residues on their decomposition rate, less information is available about the relationship between the placement of animal manure and their N mineralization rate. This study investigated the influence of chicken manure and cattle manure placement on soil N mineralization. The manures were incorporated or surface applied at 175 mg N kg(-1), and N release was periodically determined over 56 days by measuring inorganic N [nitrate (NO3-) N and ammonium (NH4+) N] in a 2 M potassium chloride (KCl) extract at a ratio of 1: 0 (w/v). Results indicated that the control soil released a maximum of 64 mg N kg(-1) soil at day 21, a sixfold increase over the initial concentration, which indicates its substantial mineralization potential. Manure treatments showed an initial increase in net NO3--N content at the start of the experiments (until day 7) before an extended period of immobilization, which ended at day 21 of the incubation. A small but positive net N mineralization of all manures was observed from 28 days of incubation. At each sampling time, the mean mineral N released from the control was significantly less (P < 0.01) than surface-applied chicken manure, incorporated chicken manure, and surface-applied cattle manure. Treatments exceptions were at days 21 and 28 where N immobilization was at its peak. In contrast, incorporation of cattle manure showed a different N-release pattern, whereby the mineral N amount was only significantly greater than the control soil at days 42 and 56 with 84 and 108 mg N kg(-1) soil respectively. Incorporation of chicken manure and cattle manure did not favor nitrification as much as surface application and cattle manure caused a much greater immobilization when incorporated than when surface applied.
Keywords
chicken manure, Cattle manure, incorporation, N mineralization, surface application, DYNAMICS FOLLOWING INCORPORATION, CROP RESIDUES, BIOCHEMICAL QUALITY, MICROBIAL BIOMASS, ORGANIC MANURES, PARTICLE-SIZE, SOIL-NITROGEN, CARBON, TRANSFORMATIONS, DECOMPOSITION

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Citation

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Chicago
Baitilwake, Marcelina Aloyce, Joost Salomez, Jerome P Mrema, and Stefaan De Neve. 2012. “Nitrogen Mineralization of Two Manures as Influenced by Contrasting Application Methods Under Laboratory Conditions.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43 (1-2): 357–367.
APA
Baitilwake, M. A., Salomez, J., Mrema, J. P., & De Neve, S. (2012). Nitrogen mineralization of two manures as influenced by contrasting application methods under laboratory conditions. COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS, 43(1-2), 357–367.
Vancouver
1.
Baitilwake MA, Salomez J, Mrema JP, De Neve S. Nitrogen mineralization of two manures as influenced by contrasting application methods under laboratory conditions. COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS. 2012;43(1-2):357–67.
MLA
Baitilwake, Marcelina Aloyce, Joost Salomez, Jerome P Mrema, et al. “Nitrogen Mineralization of Two Manures as Influenced by Contrasting Application Methods Under Laboratory Conditions.” COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS 43.1-2 (2012): 357–367. Print.
@article{2153167,
  abstract     = {The decomposition and the associated nitrogen (N) dynamics of organic N sources are affected by their contact with soil. While several authors have examined the effect of surface application or incorporation of crop residues on their decomposition rate, less information is available about the relationship between the placement of animal manure and their N mineralization rate. This study investigated the influence of chicken manure and cattle manure placement on soil N mineralization. The manures were incorporated or surface applied at 175 mg N kg(-1), and N release was periodically determined over 56 days by measuring inorganic N [nitrate (NO3-) N and ammonium (NH4+) N] in a 2 M potassium chloride (KCl) extract at a ratio of 1: 0 (w/v). Results indicated that the control soil released a maximum of 64 mg N kg(-1) soil at day 21, a sixfold increase over the initial concentration, which indicates its substantial mineralization potential. Manure treatments showed an initial increase in net NO3--N content at the start of the experiments (until day 7) before an extended period of immobilization, which ended at day 21 of the incubation. A small but positive net N mineralization of all manures was observed from 28 days of incubation. At each sampling time, the mean mineral N released from the control was significantly less (P {\textlangle} 0.01) than surface-applied chicken manure, incorporated chicken manure, and surface-applied cattle manure. Treatments exceptions were at days 21 and 28 where N immobilization was at its peak. In contrast, incorporation of cattle manure showed a different N-release pattern, whereby the mineral N amount was only significantly greater than the control soil at days 42 and 56 with 84 and 108 mg N kg(-1) soil respectively. Incorporation of chicken manure and cattle manure did not favor nitrification as much as surface application and cattle manure caused a much greater immobilization when incorporated than when surface applied.},
  author       = {Baitilwake, Marcelina Aloyce and Salomez, Joost and Mrema, Jerome P and De Neve, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0010-3624},
  journal      = {COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS},
  keyword      = {chicken manure,Cattle manure,incorporation,N mineralization,surface application,DYNAMICS FOLLOWING INCORPORATION,CROP RESIDUES,BIOCHEMICAL QUALITY,MICROBIAL BIOMASS,ORGANIC MANURES,PARTICLE-SIZE,SOIL-NITROGEN,CARBON,TRANSFORMATIONS,DECOMPOSITION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {357--367},
  title        = {Nitrogen mineralization of two manures as influenced by contrasting application methods under laboratory conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2012.641473},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2012},
}

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