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Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September Crab Nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the Crab using IceCube

R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou UGent, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg and X Bai, et al. (2012) ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 745(1).
abstract
We present the results of a search for high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab Nebula flare reported on 2010 September by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed. gamma-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10 days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E-upsilon(2). neutrino spectrum typical of first-order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index and TeV energy cutoffs as observed for various Galactic sources in. gamma-rays. The 90% confidence level (CL) best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10 day flare are 4.73 x 10(-11) cm(-2) s(-1) TeV-1 for an E-upsilon(2). neutrino spectrum and 2.50 x 10(-10) cm(-2) s(-1) TeV-1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E-upsilon(-2.7), as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. In this paper, we also illustrate the impact of the time-integrated limit on the Crab neutrino steady emission. The limit obtained using 375.5 days of the 40-string configuration is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90% CL.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
gamma rays: general, ISM: supernova remnants, neutrinos, pulsars: individual (Crab Pulsar), HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS, GAMMA-RAY FLARES, PULSAR WINDS, TELESCOPES, SIGNALS, SYSTEM
journal title
ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Astrophys. J.
volume
745
issue
1
article_number
45
pages
11 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000300316600045
JCR category
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
JCR impact factor
6.733 (2012)
JCR rank
6/56 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0004-637X
DOI
10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/45
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2144983
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2144983
date created
2012-06-13 14:16:33
date last changed
2012-06-29 15:28:28
@article{2144983,
  abstract     = {We present the results of a search for high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab Nebula flare reported on 2010 September by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed. gamma-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10 days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E-upsilon(2). neutrino spectrum typical of first-order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index and TeV energy cutoffs as observed for various Galactic sources in. gamma-rays. The 90\% confidence level (CL) best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10 day flare are 4.73 x 10(-11) cm(-2) s(-1) TeV-1 for an E-upsilon(2). neutrino spectrum and 2.50 x 10(-10) cm(-2) s(-1) TeV-1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E-upsilon(-2.7), as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. In this paper, we also illustrate the impact of the time-integrated limit on the Crab neutrino steady emission. The limit obtained using 375.5 days of the 40-string configuration is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90\% CL.},
  articleno    = {45},
  author       = {Abbasi, R and Abdou, Yasser and Abu-Zayyad, T and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Altmann, D and Andeen, K and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Baker, M and Barwick, SW and Bay, R and Alba, JLB and Beattie, K and Beatty, JJ and Bechet, S and Becker, JK and Becker, KH and Benabderrahmane, ML and BenZvi, S and Berdermann, J and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bertrand, D and Besson, DZ and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohm, C and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Brown, AM and Buitink, S and Caballero-Mora, KS and Carson, Michael and Chirkin, D and Christy, B and Clem, J and Clevermann, F and Cohen, S and Colnard, C and Cowen, DF and D'Agostino, MV and Danninger, M and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and De Clercq, C and Demirors, L and Denger, T and Depaepe, O and Descamps, Freija and Desiati, P and De Vries-Uiterweerd, Garmt and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dierckxsens, M and Dreyer, J and Dumm, JP and Ehrlich, R and Eisch, J and Ellsworth, RW and Engdegard, O and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feintzeig, J and Feusels, Tom and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Foerster, MM and Fox, BD and Franckowiak, A and Franke, R and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Goodman, JA and Gora, D and Grant, D and Griesel, T and Gross, A and Grullon, S and Gurtner, M and Ha, C and Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Han, K and Hanson, K and Heinen, D and Helbing, K and Herquet, P and Hickford, S and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Hubert, D and Huelsnitz, W and Hulss, JP and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and Hussain, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobsen, J and Japaridze, GS and Johansson, H and Joseph, JM and Kampert, KH and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kenny, P and Kiryluk, J and Kislat, F and Klein, SR and Kohne, JH and Kohnen, G and Kolanoski, H and Kopke, L and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Kowarik, T and Krasberg, M and Krings, T and Kroll, G and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Labare, M and Lafebre, S and Laihem, K and Landsman, H and Larson, MJ and Lauer, R and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Majumdar, P and Marotta, A and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and Meagher, K and Merck, M and Meszaros, P and Meures, T and Middell, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Movit, SM and Nahnhauer, R and Nam, JW and Naumann, U and Niessen, P and Nygren, DR and Odrowski, S and Olivas, A and Olivo, M and O'Murchadha, A and Ono, M and Panknin, S and Paul, L and de los Heros, CP and Petrovic, J and Piegsa, A and Pieloth, D and Porrata, R and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Ribordy, M and Rizzo, A and Rodrigues, JP and Roth, P and Rothmaier, F and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Rutledge, D and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Sander, HG and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Schmidt, T and Schonwald, A and Schukraft, A and Schultes, A and Schulz, O and Schunck, M and Seckel, D and Semburg, B and Seo, SH and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Silvestri, A and Slipak, A and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stephens, G and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Stoyanov, S and Strahler, EA and Straszheim, T and Stur, M and Sullivan, GW and Swillens, Q and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Tepe, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Toscano, S and Tosi, D and Turcan, D and van Eijndhoven, N and Vandenbroucke, J and Van Overloop, Arne and van Santen, J and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Walck, C and Waldenmaier, T and Wallraff, M and Walter, M and Weaver, C and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whitehorn, N and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Williams, DR and Wischnewski, R and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, C and Xu, XW and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Zoll, M},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  keyword      = {gamma rays: general,ISM: supernova remnants,neutrinos,pulsars: individual (Crab Pulsar),HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS,GAMMA-RAY FLARES,PULSAR WINDS,TELESCOPES,SIGNALS,SYSTEM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September Crab Nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the Crab using IceCube},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/45},
  volume       = {745},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, et al. 2012. “Neutrino Analysis of the 2010 September Crab Nebula Flare and Time-integrated Constraints on Neutrino Emission from the Crab Using IceCube.” Astrophysical Journal 745 (1).
APA
Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Abu-Zayyad, T., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., Altmann, D., et al. (2012). Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September Crab Nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the Crab using IceCube. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 745(1).
Vancouver
1.
Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Abu-Zayyad T, Adams J, Aguilar J, Ahlers M, et al. Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September Crab Nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the Crab using IceCube. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2012;745(1).
MLA
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, et al. “Neutrino Analysis of the 2010 September Crab Nebula Flare and Time-integrated Constraints on Neutrino Emission from the Crab Using IceCube.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 745.1 (2012): n. pag. Print.