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European adolescents' level of perceived stress is inversely related to their diet quality: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study

Tineke De Vriendt UGent, Els Clays UGent, Inge Huybrechts UGent, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent, Luis A Moreno, Emma Patterson, Dénes Molnár, María I Mesana, Laurent Beghin and Kurt Widhalm, et al. (2012) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 108(2). p.371-380
abstract
As stress is hypothesised to influence dietary behaviour, the relationship between perceived stress and diet quality in European adolescents was investigated. Within the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, adolescents (n 704, aged 12-17 years) from schools in five European cities (Ghent, Stockholm, Zaragoza, Athens and Vienna) completed a 2 d 24 h dietary recall assessment and an Adolescent Stress Questionnaire. Measurements and information were taken on height, weight, pubertal stage, parental education level, the level of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep duration. The Diet Quality Index for Adolescents (DQI-A) was calculated from the dietary data, which comprised three components reflecting dietary diversity, quality and equilibrium. Hierarchical linear models were performed to investigate the relationship between the adolescents' level of perceived stress and the DQI-A and its components, adjusting for relevant covariates (age, BMI z-score, pubertal stage and parental education). These models were additionally adjusted for MVPA or sleep duration. In both boys and girls, perceived stress was a significant independent negative predictor for their overall DQI-A. This inverse relationship was observed for all dietary components, except for dietary diversity in boys, and it was unaltered when additionally adjusted for MVPA or sleep duration. The observed inverse relationship between stress and diet quality within these European adolescents supports the hypothesis that stress influences dietary behaviour, thus emphasising the need for preventive stress-coping strategies for adolescents.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DEPRESSED MOOD, HELENA, QUESTIONNAIRE, VALIDITY, OBESITY, HABITS, Diet quality index, Dietary restraint, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, MENTAL-HEALTH, FOOD PREFERENCES, Perceived stress, Adolescence, ISSUES
journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
Br. J. Nutr.
volume
108
issue
2
pages
371 - 380
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000307171500022
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
3.302 (2012)
JCR rank
18/75 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0007-1145
DOI
10.1017/S0007114511005708
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2141476
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2141476
date created
2012-06-13 10:21:46
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:05:11
@article{2141476,
  abstract     = {As stress is hypothesised to influence dietary behaviour, the relationship between perceived stress and diet quality in European adolescents was investigated. Within the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, adolescents (n 704, aged 12-17 years) from schools in five European cities (Ghent, Stockholm, Zaragoza, Athens and Vienna) completed a 2 d 24 h dietary recall assessment and an Adolescent Stress Questionnaire. Measurements and information were taken on height, weight, pubertal stage, parental education level, the level of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep duration. The Diet Quality Index for Adolescents (DQI-A) was calculated from the dietary data, which comprised three components reflecting dietary diversity, quality and equilibrium. Hierarchical linear models were performed to investigate the relationship between the adolescents' level of perceived stress and the DQI-A and its components, adjusting for relevant covariates (age, BMI z-score, pubertal stage and parental education). These models were additionally adjusted for MVPA or sleep duration. In both boys and girls, perceived stress was a significant independent negative predictor for their overall DQI-A. This inverse relationship was observed for all dietary components, except for dietary diversity in boys, and it was unaltered when additionally adjusted for MVPA or sleep duration. The observed inverse relationship between stress and diet quality within these European adolescents supports the hypothesis that stress influences dietary behaviour, thus emphasising the need for preventive stress-coping strategies for adolescents.},
  author       = {De Vriendt, Tineke and Clays, Els and Huybrechts, Inge and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Moreno, Luis A and Patterson, Emma and Moln{\'a}r, D{\'e}nes and Mesana, Mar{\'i}a I and Beghin, Laurent and Widhalm, Kurt and Manios, Yannis and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {DEPRESSED MOOD,HELENA,QUESTIONNAIRE,VALIDITY,OBESITY,HABITS,Diet quality index,Dietary restraint,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,MENTAL-HEALTH,FOOD PREFERENCES,Perceived stress,Adolescence,ISSUES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {371--380},
  title        = {European adolescents' level of perceived stress is inversely related to their diet quality: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511005708},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
De Vriendt, Tineke, Els Clays, Inge Huybrechts, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Luis A Moreno, Emma Patterson, Dénes Molnár, et al. 2012. “European Adolescents’ Level of Perceived Stress Is Inversely Related to Their Diet Quality: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study.” British Journal of Nutrition 108 (2): 371–380.
APA
De Vriendt, T., Clays, E., Huybrechts, I., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Moreno, L. A., Patterson, E., Molnár, D., et al. (2012). European adolescents’ level of perceived stress is inversely related to their diet quality: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 108(2), 371–380.
Vancouver
1.
De Vriendt T, Clays E, Huybrechts I, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Moreno LA, Patterson E, et al. European adolescents’ level of perceived stress is inversely related to their diet quality: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2012;108(2):371–80.
MLA
De Vriendt, Tineke, Els Clays, Inge Huybrechts, et al. “European Adolescents’ Level of Perceived Stress Is Inversely Related to Their Diet Quality: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 108.2 (2012): 371–380. Print.