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Serum zinc in healthy Belgian children

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Abstract
Many reports mention marginal zinc status in childhood. Information on serum zinc (Zn) in Belgian children since the last reports are old and feeding habits are changing. Four hundred fifty-seven healthy children (0-14 yr, 262 boys) had a venipuncture after an overnight fast during a vaccination campaign. Serum Zn, alpha-tocopherol (alpha-T), cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (Apo B), Apo A, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determinated. The median Zn value is lower in infants than in older children (respectively 11.6 mumol/L vs 12.8 mumol/L). The type of infant feeding does not influence the serum Zn concentrations (breast-feeding, adapted, hypoallergenic, soy, or thickened). No children had increased serum MDA concentrations and the value is not influenced by the Zn concentration. Children presenting higher serum Zn values also have significantly higher serum alpha-T levels. In infants, there is a significant positive correlation between serum Zn and cholesterol, LDL-C, and Apo B. In this apparently healthy population, no signs of abnormal in vivo peroxidation of fatty acids are observed, even in the children with low serum Zn. More sensitive methods for the detection of peroxidation are necessary for determination of in vivo effects of marginal trace element status.
Keywords
infant feeding, serum zinc concentrations, healthy children, VITAMIN-A, SELENIUM, INFANTS

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Chicago
Van Biervliet, Stephanie, Jean-Pierre Van Biervliet, Dirk Bernard, Raf Vercaemst, and Vic Blaton. 2003. “Serum Zinc in Healthy Belgian Children.” Biological Trace Element Research 94 (1): 33–40.
APA
Van Biervliet, Stephanie, Van Biervliet, J.-P., Bernard, D., Vercaemst, R., & Blaton, V. (2003). Serum zinc in healthy Belgian children. BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH, 94(1), 33–40.
Vancouver
1.
Van Biervliet S, Van Biervliet J-P, Bernard D, Vercaemst R, Blaton V. Serum zinc in healthy Belgian children. BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH. 2003;94(1):33–40.
MLA
Van Biervliet, Stephanie, Jean-Pierre Van Biervliet, Dirk Bernard, et al. “Serum Zinc in Healthy Belgian Children.” BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH 94.1 (2003): 33–40. Print.
@article{213826,
  abstract     = {Many reports mention marginal zinc status in childhood. Information on serum zinc (Zn) in Belgian children since the last reports are old and feeding habits are changing. Four hundred fifty-seven healthy children (0-14 yr, 262 boys) had a venipuncture after an overnight fast during a vaccination campaign. Serum Zn, alpha-tocopherol (alpha-T), cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (Apo B), Apo A, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determinated. The median Zn value is lower in infants than in older children (respectively 11.6 mumol/L vs 12.8 mumol/L). The type of infant feeding does not influence the serum Zn concentrations (breast-feeding, adapted, hypoallergenic, soy, or thickened). No children had increased serum MDA concentrations and the value is not influenced by the Zn concentration. Children presenting higher serum Zn values also have significantly higher serum alpha-T levels. In infants, there is a significant positive correlation between serum Zn and cholesterol, LDL-C, and Apo B. In this apparently healthy population, no signs of abnormal in vivo peroxidation of fatty acids are observed, even in the children with low serum Zn. More sensitive methods for the detection of peroxidation are necessary for determination of in vivo effects of marginal trace element status.},
  author       = {Van Biervliet, Stephanie and Van Biervliet, Jean-Pierre and Bernard, Dirk and Vercaemst, Raf and Blaton, Vic},
  issn         = {0163-4984},
  journal      = {BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {infant feeding,serum zinc concentrations,healthy children,VITAMIN-A,SELENIUM,INFANTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {33--40},
  title        = {Serum zinc in healthy Belgian children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/BTER:94:1:33},
  volume       = {94},
  year         = {2003},
}

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