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Plantes médecinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso: cas des Sanan

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Abstract
As an important cultural element, plants have been used centuries ago by people to treat themselves. However, a few ethnic groups know their medicinal plants used. This study aim is to document San people, localized in a traditional land (Burkina Faso north-western) about medicinal plants. Ethnobotanical surveys have involved 75 traditional healers indigenous. Research information's covered plants used, its local name, its parts used, the medical practices and the therapeutic properties related. The results showed that 94 plant species are used to treat various diseases. The main parts used in recipes are leaves (31%), root (25%) and stem bark (23%). Recipes developed are based on one or several plants. Decoction (58%), trituration (17%) and aqueous maceration (11%) are main methods of preparation. Drugs are administered through oral drunk (65%) and external applications (35%). Thirteen used categories are identified. However, traditional healers are disagreements about proposed therapeutic to treat them. The diversity of therapies identified in San land, is a rich culture. These San pharmacopoeia data lay the foundation of sound studies on silvicultural plants capacities for regenerating endangered useful species and building nurseries to provide surrounding villages with available medicinal plants.
Keywords
phytotherapy, San land, Burkina Faso, ethnobotany

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Zerbo, Patrice, Jeanne Millogo-Rasolodimby, Odille Germaine Nacoulma-Ouedraogo, and Patrick Van Damme. 2011. “Plantes Médecinales Et Pratiques Médicales Au Burkina Faso: Cas Des Sanan.” Bois Et Forets Des Tropiques (307): 41–53.
APA
Zerbo, P., Millogo-Rasolodimby, J., Nacoulma-Ouedraogo, O. G., & Van Damme, P. (2011). Plantes médecinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso: cas des Sanan. BOIS ET FORETS DES TROPIQUES, (307), 41–53.
Vancouver
1.
Zerbo P, Millogo-Rasolodimby J, Nacoulma-Ouedraogo OG, Van Damme P. Plantes médecinales et pratiques médicales au Burkina Faso: cas des Sanan. BOIS ET FORETS DES TROPIQUES. 2011;(307):41–53.
MLA
Zerbo, Patrice, Jeanne Millogo-Rasolodimby, Odille Germaine Nacoulma-Ouedraogo, et al. “Plantes Médecinales Et Pratiques Médicales Au Burkina Faso: Cas Des Sanan.” BOIS ET FORETS DES TROPIQUES 307 (2011): 41–53. Print.
@article{2136998,
  abstract     = {As an important cultural element, plants have been used centuries ago by people to treat themselves. However, a few ethnic groups know their medicinal plants used. This study aim is to document San people, localized in a traditional land (Burkina Faso north-western) about medicinal plants. Ethnobotanical surveys have involved 75 traditional healers indigenous. Research information's covered plants used, its local name, its parts used, the medical practices and the therapeutic properties related. The results showed that 94 plant species are used to treat various diseases. The main parts used in recipes are leaves (31\%), root (25\%) and stem bark (23\%). Recipes developed are based on one or several plants. Decoction (58\%), trituration (17\%) and aqueous maceration (11\%) are main methods of preparation. Drugs are administered through oral drunk (65\%) and external applications (35\%). Thirteen used categories are identified. However, traditional healers are disagreements about proposed therapeutic to treat them. The diversity of therapies identified in San land, is a rich culture. These San pharmacopoeia data lay the foundation of sound studies on silvicultural plants capacities for regenerating endangered useful species and building nurseries to provide surrounding villages with available medicinal plants.},
  author       = {Zerbo, Patrice and Millogo-Rasolodimby, Jeanne and Nacoulma-Ouedraogo, Odille Germaine and Van Damme, Patrick},
  issn         = {0006-579X},
  journal      = {BOIS ET FORETS DES TROPIQUES},
  keyword      = {phytotherapy,San land,Burkina Faso,ethnobotany},
  language     = {fre},
  number       = {307},
  pages        = {41--53},
  title        = {Plantes m{\'e}decinales et pratiques m{\'e}dicales au Burkina Faso: cas des Sanan},
  year         = {2011},
}

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