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Effect of grass species and ploidy on clover content in grass-clover mixtures

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Abstract
Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is of increasing interest in Western Europe, mainly because of its good drought resistance. Agronomic data on this species are relatively scarce and little is known about the compatibility of tall fescue with clover. We established field trials in 2009 to compare the yield, botanical composition, feeding value and N-fixation of different grass species associated with clover. A first trial compared tall fescue, diploid perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and tetraploid perennial ryegrass sown with white clover (Trifolium repens L.). A second trial compared tall fescue, diploid Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) and tetraploid Italian ryegrass sown with red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). In all plots 5 cuts were taken in both 2010 and 2011and the yield, botanical composition, nitrogen content and digestibility of the harvested material were determined. Preliminary conclusions show no effect of grass species on white clover content in the mixtures. Red clover content in turn was consistently higher in combination with tall fescue than with Italian ryegrass.
Keywords
red clover, Italian ryegrass, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, white clover, yield

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Chicago
Cougnon, Mathias, Joost Baert, Chris Van Waes, and Dirk Reheul. 2012. “Effect of Grass Species and Ploidy on Clover Content in Grass-clover Mixtures.” In Grassland Science in Europe, ed. Piotr Golinski and Marianna Warda, 17:100–102. Poznan, Poland: Polish Grassland Society.
APA
Cougnon, M., Baert, J., Van Waes, C., & Reheul, D. (2012). Effect of grass species and ploidy on clover content in grass-clover mixtures. In P. Golinski & M. Warda (Eds.), Grassland Science in Europe (Vol. 17, pp. 100–102). Presented at the 24th General meeting of the European Grassland Federation : Grassland : a European resource?, Poznan, Poland: Polish Grassland Society.
Vancouver
1.
Cougnon M, Baert J, Van Waes C, Reheul D. Effect of grass species and ploidy on clover content in grass-clover mixtures. In: Golinski P, Warda M, editors. Grassland Science in Europe. Poznan, Poland: Polish Grassland Society; 2012. p. 100–2.
MLA
Cougnon, Mathias, Joost Baert, Chris Van Waes, et al. “Effect of Grass Species and Ploidy on Clover Content in Grass-clover Mixtures.” Grassland Science in Europe. Ed. Piotr Golinski & Marianna Warda. Vol. 17. Poznan, Poland: Polish Grassland Society, 2012. 100–102. Print.
@inproceedings{2136591,
  abstract     = {Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is of increasing interest in Western Europe, mainly because of its good drought resistance. Agronomic data on this species are relatively scarce and little is known about the compatibility of tall fescue with clover. We established field trials in 2009 to compare the yield, botanical composition, feeding value and N-fixation of different grass species associated with clover. A first trial compared tall fescue, diploid perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and tetraploid perennial ryegrass sown with white clover (Trifolium repens L.). A second trial compared tall fescue, diploid Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) and tetraploid Italian ryegrass sown with red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). In all plots 5 cuts were taken in both 2010 and 2011and the yield, botanical composition, nitrogen content and digestibility of the harvested material were determined. Preliminary conclusions show no effect of grass species on white clover content in the mixtures. Red clover content in turn was consistently higher in combination with tall fescue than with Italian ryegrass.},
  author       = {Cougnon, Mathias and Baert, Joost and Van Waes, Chris and Reheul, Dirk},
  booktitle    = {Grassland Science in Europe},
  editor       = {Golinski, Piotr and Warda, Marianna},
  isbn         = {9788389250773},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Lublin, Poland},
  pages        = {100--102},
  publisher    = {Polish Grassland Society},
  title        = {Effect of grass species and ploidy on clover content in grass-clover mixtures},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2012},
}