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Use of reactive phosphate rocks as fertilizer on acid upland soils in Indonesia: accumulation of cadmium and zinc in soils and shoots of maize plants

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Abstract
A pot experiment was conducted to study the contribution of reactive phosphate rocks (RPRs) on the accumulation of Cd and Zn in 10 acid upland soils in Indonesia and shoots of Zea mays plants grown on these soils. Two types of RPR were used at a rate of 0.5 g (kg soil)(-1): RPRL containing 4 mg Cd kg(-1) and 224 mg Zn kg(-1), and RPRH containing 69 mg Cd kg(-1) and 745 mg Zn kg(-1). Zea mays was harvested at 6 weeks after planting. The application of RPRH significantly increased the concentrations of Cd in the shoots. The application of this RPR also increased the amount of Cd which could be extracted by 0.5 M NH(4)-acetate + 0.02 M EDTA pH 4.65 from the soils. More than 90% of the added Cd remained in the soil. As Zn is an essential element and the studied acid upland soils are Zn-deficient, increased plant growth upon RPR application might be partly attributed to Zn present in the phosphate rock. However, more experiments are needed to confirm this hypothesis. The Cd and Zn concentrations and CEC of the soils were important soil factors influencing the concentrations of Cd and Zn in the shoots of maize plants grown on these soils.
Keywords
AGRONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS, phosphorus, maize plant, mobility, bioavailability, Zn, Cd, LEAD, PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZERS, PHRAGMITES-AUSTRALIS, PH, BIOAVAILABILITY, DISSOLUTION, ACIDIFICATION, CALCIUM, METALS

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Chicago
Rochayati, Sri, Gijs Du Laing, Jörg Rinklebe, Ralph Meissner, and Marc Verloo. 2011. “Use of Reactive Phosphate Rocks as Fertilizer on Acid Upland Soils in Indonesia: Accumulation of Cadmium and Zinc in Soils and Shoots of Maize Plants.” Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 174 (2): 186–194.
APA
Rochayati, S., Du Laing, G., Rinklebe, J., Meissner, R., & Verloo, M. (2011). Use of reactive phosphate rocks as fertilizer on acid upland soils in Indonesia: accumulation of cadmium and zinc in soils and shoots of maize plants. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE, 174(2), 186–194.
Vancouver
1.
Rochayati S, Du Laing G, Rinklebe J, Meissner R, Verloo M. Use of reactive phosphate rocks as fertilizer on acid upland soils in Indonesia: accumulation of cadmium and zinc in soils and shoots of maize plants. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE. 2011;174(2):186–94.
MLA
Rochayati, Sri, Gijs Du Laing, Jörg Rinklebe, et al. “Use of Reactive Phosphate Rocks as Fertilizer on Acid Upland Soils in Indonesia: Accumulation of Cadmium and Zinc in Soils and Shoots of Maize Plants.” JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE 174.2 (2011): 186–194. Print.
@article{2133291,
  abstract     = {A pot experiment was conducted to study the contribution of reactive phosphate rocks (RPRs) on the accumulation of Cd and Zn in 10 acid upland soils in Indonesia and shoots of Zea mays plants grown on these soils. Two types of RPR were used at a rate of 0.5 g (kg soil)(-1): RPRL containing 4 mg Cd kg(-1) and 224 mg Zn kg(-1), and RPRH containing 69 mg Cd kg(-1) and 745 mg Zn kg(-1). Zea mays was harvested at 6 weeks after planting. The application of RPRH significantly increased the concentrations of Cd in the shoots. The application of this RPR also increased the amount of Cd which could be extracted by 0.5 M NH(4)-acetate + 0.02 M EDTA pH 4.65 from the soils. More than 90\% of the added Cd remained in the soil. As Zn is an essential element and the studied acid upland soils are Zn-deficient, increased plant growth upon RPR application might be partly attributed to Zn present in the phosphate rock. However, more experiments are needed to confirm this hypothesis. The Cd and Zn concentrations and CEC of the soils were important soil factors influencing the concentrations of Cd and Zn in the shoots of maize plants grown on these soils.},
  author       = {Rochayati, Sri and Du Laing, Gijs and Rinklebe, J{\"o}rg and Meissner, Ralph and Verloo, Marc},
  issn         = {1436-8730},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {AGRONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS,phosphorus,maize plant,mobility,bioavailability,Zn,Cd,LEAD,PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZERS,PHRAGMITES-AUSTRALIS,PH,BIOAVAILABILITY,DISSOLUTION,ACIDIFICATION,CALCIUM,METALS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {186--194},
  title        = {Use of reactive phosphate rocks as fertilizer on acid upland soils in Indonesia: accumulation of cadmium and zinc in soils and shoots of maize plants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200800309},
  volume       = {174},
  year         = {2011},
}

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