Advanced search
1 file | 590.07 KB

Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress

Jochem Willemsen (UGent) , Julie De Ganck (UGent) and Paul Verhaeghe (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
This study examined two theoretical models on the interaction between psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress in a sample of 81 male detainees. In Model 1, the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy were assumed to protect against posttraumatic stress. In Model 2, the lifestyle and antisocial traits of psychopathy were assumed to lead to a lifestyle that increases the risk of traumatic exposure and subsequent posttraumatic stress. We found significant negative bivariate associations between PCL-R total, Interpersonal and Affective facet scores, and Posttraumatic stress. Model 1 was confirmed, as we found the interaction between the Affective facet and traumatic exposure had a significant negative effect on Posttraumatic stress. Model 2 was rejected. Our findings confirm that the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy are associated with an emotional deficit, and that the affective features of psychopathy are crucial for understanding the relation between psychopathy and anxiety.
Keywords
INDIVIDUALS, DISORDER, RISK-FACTORS, PASSIVE-AVOIDANCE, GENERAL-POPULATION, PERSONALITY, COMORBIDITY, OFFENDERS, CONSTRUCT, ANXIETY, psychopathy, emotional deficit, trauma, posttraumatic stress, anxiety

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 590.07 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Willemsen, Jochem, Julie De Ganck, and Paul Verhaeghe. 2012. “Psychopathy, Traumatic Exposure, and Lifetime Posttraumatic Stress.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 56 (4): 505–524.
APA
Willemsen, J., De Ganck, J., & Verhaeghe, P. (2012). Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY, 56(4), 505–524.
Vancouver
1.
Willemsen J, De Ganck J, Verhaeghe P. Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY. 2012;56(4):505–24.
MLA
Willemsen, Jochem, Julie De Ganck, and Paul Verhaeghe. “Psychopathy, Traumatic Exposure, and Lifetime Posttraumatic Stress.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY 56.4 (2012): 505–524. Print.
@article{2132871,
  abstract     = {This study examined two theoretical models on the interaction between psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress in a sample of 81 male detainees. In Model 1, the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy were assumed to protect against posttraumatic stress. In Model 2, the lifestyle and antisocial traits of psychopathy were assumed to lead to a lifestyle that increases the risk of traumatic exposure and subsequent posttraumatic stress. We found significant negative bivariate associations between PCL-R total, Interpersonal and Affective facet scores, and Posttraumatic stress. Model 1 was confirmed, as we found the interaction between the Affective facet and traumatic exposure had a significant negative effect on Posttraumatic stress. Model 2 was rejected. Our findings confirm that the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy are associated with an emotional deficit, and that the affective features of psychopathy are crucial for understanding the relation between psychopathy and anxiety.},
  author       = {Willemsen, Jochem and De Ganck, Julie and Verhaeghe, Paul},
  issn         = {0306-624X},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY},
  keyword      = {INDIVIDUALS,DISORDER,RISK-FACTORS,PASSIVE-AVOIDANCE,GENERAL-POPULATION,PERSONALITY,COMORBIDITY,OFFENDERS,CONSTRUCT,ANXIETY,psychopathy,emotional deficit,trauma,posttraumatic stress,anxiety},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {505--524},
  title        = {Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X11407443},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2012},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: