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Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress

Jochem Willemsen, Julie De Ganck and Paul Verhaeghe UGent (2012) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY. 56(4). p.505-524
abstract
This study examined two theoretical models on the interaction between psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress in a sample of 81 male detainees. In Model 1, the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy were assumed to protect against posttraumatic stress. In Model 2, the lifestyle and antisocial traits of psychopathy were assumed to lead to a lifestyle that increases the risk of traumatic exposure and subsequent posttraumatic stress. We found significant negative bivariate associations between PCL-R total, Interpersonal and Affective facet scores, and Posttraumatic stress. Model 1 was confirmed, as we found the interaction between the Affective facet and traumatic exposure had a significant negative effect on Posttraumatic stress. Model 2 was rejected. Our findings confirm that the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy are associated with an emotional deficit, and that the affective features of psychopathy are crucial for understanding the relation between psychopathy and anxiety.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
INDIVIDUALS, DISORDER, RISK-FACTORS, PASSIVE-AVOIDANCE, GENERAL-POPULATION, PERSONALITY, COMORBIDITY, OFFENDERS, CONSTRUCT, ANXIETY, psychopathy, emotional deficit, trauma, posttraumatic stress, anxiety
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY
Int. J. Offender Ther. Comp. Criminol.
volume
56
issue
4
pages
505 - 524
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000304699200002
JCR category
CRIMINOLOGY & PENOLOGY
JCR impact factor
1.056 (2012)
JCR rank
23/52 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0306-624X
DOI
10.1177/0306624X11407443
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
2132871
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2132871
date created
2012-06-05 13:56:38
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:54
@article{2132871,
  abstract     = {This study examined two theoretical models on the interaction between psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress in a sample of 81 male detainees. In Model 1, the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy were assumed to protect against posttraumatic stress. In Model 2, the lifestyle and antisocial traits of psychopathy were assumed to lead to a lifestyle that increases the risk of traumatic exposure and subsequent posttraumatic stress. We found significant negative bivariate associations between PCL-R total, Interpersonal and Affective facet scores, and Posttraumatic stress. Model 1 was confirmed, as we found the interaction between the Affective facet and traumatic exposure had a significant negative effect on Posttraumatic stress. Model 2 was rejected. Our findings confirm that the interpersonal and affective features of psychopathy are associated with an emotional deficit, and that the affective features of psychopathy are crucial for understanding the relation between psychopathy and anxiety.},
  author       = {Willemsen, Jochem and De Ganck, Julie and Verhaeghe, Paul},
  issn         = {0306-624X},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY},
  keyword      = {INDIVIDUALS,DISORDER,RISK-FACTORS,PASSIVE-AVOIDANCE,GENERAL-POPULATION,PERSONALITY,COMORBIDITY,OFFENDERS,CONSTRUCT,ANXIETY,psychopathy,emotional deficit,trauma,posttraumatic stress,anxiety},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {505--524},
  title        = {Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X11407443},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Willemsen, Jochem, Julie De Ganck, and Paul Verhaeghe. 2012. “Psychopathy, Traumatic Exposure, and Lifetime Posttraumatic Stress.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 56 (4): 505–524.
APA
Willemsen, J., De Ganck, J., & Verhaeghe, P. (2012). Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY, 56(4), 505–524.
Vancouver
1.
Willemsen J, De Ganck J, Verhaeghe P. Psychopathy, traumatic exposure, and lifetime posttraumatic stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY. 2012;56(4):505–24.
MLA
Willemsen, Jochem, Julie De Ganck, and Paul Verhaeghe. “Psychopathy, Traumatic Exposure, and Lifetime Posttraumatic Stress.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY 56.4 (2012): 505–524. Print.