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Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses

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Abstract
Conflict has been hypothesized to be aversive, triggering avoidance behaviour (Botvinick, 2007). To test this hypothesis, a standard Stroop task was modified such that avoiding was part of the response set. More precisely, participants were asked to move a manikin towards or away from Stroop stimuli, depending on the colour of the words. Results showed that the type of response (approach versus avoid- ance) modulated the Stroop congruency effect. Specifically, the reaction time analysis revealed that the stimulus congruency effect disappeared with avoidance responses, contrary to approach responses where a stimulus congruency effect was present. Moreover, the error data showed a reduction of the general congruency effect when avoiding. These results suggest that in the face of conflict, avoidance is the predominant response.
Keywords
Response interference, Stimulus interference, Conflict, Avoidance, DECISION-MAKING, STIMULUS, FLANKER TASK, PERFORMANCE, Approach, COGNITIVE CONTROL, Stroop task

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Schouppe, Nathalie, Jan De Houwer, Richard Ridderinkhof, and Wim Notebaert. 2012. “Conflict: Run! Reduced Stroop Interference with Avoidance Responses.” Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6): 1052–1058.
APA
Schouppe, N., De Houwer, J., Ridderinkhof, R., & Notebaert, W. (2012). Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 65(6), 1052–1058.
Vancouver
1.
Schouppe N, De Houwer J, Ridderinkhof R, Notebaert W. Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2012;65(6):1052–8.
MLA
Schouppe, Nathalie, Jan De Houwer, Richard Ridderinkhof, et al. “Conflict: Run! Reduced Stroop Interference with Avoidance Responses.” QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 65.6 (2012): 1052–1058. Print.
@article{2132336,
  abstract     = {Conflict has been hypothesized to be aversive, triggering avoidance behaviour (Botvinick, 2007). To test this hypothesis, a standard Stroop task was modified such that avoiding was part of the response set. More precisely, participants were asked to move a manikin towards or away from Stroop stimuli, depending on the colour of the words. Results showed that the type of response (approach versus avoid- ance) modulated the Stroop congruency effect. Specifically, the reaction time analysis revealed that the stimulus congruency effect disappeared with avoidance responses, contrary to approach responses where a stimulus congruency effect was present. Moreover, the error data showed a reduction of the general congruency effect when avoiding. These results suggest that in the face of conflict, avoidance is the predominant response.},
  author       = {Schouppe, Nathalie and De Houwer, Jan and Ridderinkhof, Richard and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {1747-0218},
  journal      = {QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Response interference,Stimulus interference,Conflict,Avoidance,DECISION-MAKING,STIMULUS,FLANKER TASK,PERFORMANCE,Approach,COGNITIVE CONTROL,Stroop task},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1052--1058},
  title        = {Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2012.685080},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2012},
}

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