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Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses

Nathalie Schouppe UGent, Jan De Houwer UGent, Richard Ridderinkhof and Wim Notebaert UGent (2012) QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 65(6). p.1052-1058
abstract
Conflict has been hypothesized to be aversive, triggering avoidance behaviour (Botvinick, 2007). To test this hypothesis, a standard Stroop task was modified such that avoiding was part of the response set. More precisely, participants were asked to move a manikin towards or away from Stroop stimuli, depending on the colour of the words. Results showed that the type of response (approach versus avoid- ance) modulated the Stroop congruency effect. Specifically, the reaction time analysis revealed that the stimulus congruency effect disappeared with avoidance responses, contrary to approach responses where a stimulus congruency effect was present. Moreover, the error data showed a reduction of the general congruency effect when avoiding. These results suggest that in the face of conflict, avoidance is the predominant response.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Stimulus interference, Response interference, Conflict, Avoidance, DECISION-MAKING, STIMULUS, FLANKER TASK, PERFORMANCE, Approach, COGNITIVE CONTROL, Stroop task
journal title
QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Q. J. Exp. Psychol.
volume
65
issue
6
pages
1052 - 1058
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000305536900003
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
1.82 (2012)
JCR rank
40/83 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
1747-0218
DOI
10.1080/17470218.2012.685080
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2132336
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2132336
date created
2012-06-05 10:07:53
date last changed
2012-08-14 16:11:52
@article{2132336,
  abstract     = {Conflict has been hypothesized to be aversive, triggering avoidance behaviour (Botvinick, 2007). To test this hypothesis, a standard Stroop task was modified such that avoiding was part of the response set. More precisely, participants were asked to move a manikin towards or away from Stroop stimuli, depending on the colour of the words. Results showed that the type of response (approach versus avoid- ance) modulated the Stroop congruency effect. Specifically, the reaction time analysis revealed that the stimulus congruency effect disappeared with avoidance responses, contrary to approach responses where a stimulus congruency effect was present. Moreover, the error data showed a reduction of the general congruency effect when avoiding. These results suggest that in the face of conflict, avoidance is the predominant response.},
  author       = {Schouppe, Nathalie and De Houwer, Jan and Ridderinkhof, Richard and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {1747-0218},
  journal      = {QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Stimulus interference,Response interference,Conflict,Avoidance,DECISION-MAKING,STIMULUS,FLANKER TASK,PERFORMANCE,Approach,COGNITIVE CONTROL,Stroop task},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1052--1058},
  title        = {Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2012.685080},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Schouppe, Nathalie, Jan De Houwer, Richard Ridderinkhof, and Wim Notebaert. 2012. “Conflict: Run! Reduced Stroop Interference with Avoidance Responses.” Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6): 1052–1058.
APA
Schouppe, N., De Houwer, J., Ridderinkhof, R., & Notebaert, W. (2012). Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 65(6), 1052–1058.
Vancouver
1.
Schouppe N, De Houwer J, Ridderinkhof R, Notebaert W. Conflict: Run! Reduced stroop interference with avoidance responses. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2012;65(6):1052–8.
MLA
Schouppe, Nathalie, Jan De Houwer, Richard Ridderinkhof, et al. “Conflict: Run! Reduced Stroop Interference with Avoidance Responses.” QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 65.6 (2012): 1052–1058. Print.