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Bionomics and distribution of the stag beetle, Lucanus cervus (L.) across Europe

Deborah J Harvey, Alan C Gange, Colin J Hawes, Markus Rink, Michele Abdehalden, Nida Al Fulaij, Therese Asp, Alberto Ballerio, Luca Bartolozzi and Hervé Brustel, et al. (2011) INSECT CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY. 4(1). p.23-38
abstract
1. The European stag beetle, Lucanus cervus, is thought to be widely distributed across its range, but a detailed description of its occurrence is lacking. 2. Researchers in 41 countries were contacted and information sought on various life history characteristics of the insect. Data on adult body size were collected from seven countries. 3. Habitat associations differ between the United Kingdom and mainland Europe. Larvae are most commonly associated with oak, but the duration of the larval stage and the number of instars varies by up to 100% across Europe. 4. Adult size also varies; beetles from Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands are larger than those from Belgium or the UK. In the former countries, populations are composed mainly of large individuals, while in the UK, the majority of individuals are relatively small. Allometric relations between mandible size and total body length differ in Germany compared with the rest of Europe. 5. Distribution maps of the insect, split into records pre- and post-1970, from 24 countries are presented. While these inevitably suffer from recorder bias, they indicate that in only two countries, Croatia and Slovakia, does the insect seem to be increasing in range. 6. Our data suggest that the insect may be in decline across Europe, most likely due to habitat loss, and that conservation plans need to be produced that focus on the biology of the insect in the local area.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
habitat associations, life history characteristics, European distribution, Lucanus cervus, predation, size variation, BODY-SIZE, INSECTS, COLEOPTERA, INEQUALITY, CONSERVATION, ALLOMETRIES, CONSTRAINTS, FECUNDITY, ABUNDANCE, EVOLUTION
journal title
INSECT CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY
Insect. Conserv. Divers.
volume
4
issue
1
pages
23 - 38
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000286052500005
JCR category
ENTOMOLOGY
JCR impact factor
1.705 (2011)
JCR rank
19/85 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
1752-458X
DOI
10.1111/j.1752-4598.2010.00107.x
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2129566
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2129566
date created
2012-06-01 21:07:43
date last changed
2012-06-14 14:42:59
@article{2129566,
  abstract     = {1. The European stag beetle, Lucanus cervus, is thought to be widely distributed across its range, but a detailed description of its occurrence is lacking. 
2. Researchers in 41 countries were contacted and information sought on various life history characteristics of the insect. Data on adult body size were collected from seven countries. 
3. Habitat associations differ between the United Kingdom and mainland Europe. Larvae are most commonly associated with oak, but the duration of the larval stage and the number of instars varies by up to 100\% across Europe. 
4. Adult size also varies; beetles from Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands are larger than those from Belgium or the UK. In the former countries, populations are composed mainly of large individuals, while in the UK, the majority of individuals are relatively small. Allometric relations between mandible size and total body length differ in Germany compared with the rest of Europe. 
5. Distribution maps of the insect, split into records pre- and post-1970, from 24 countries are presented. While these inevitably suffer from recorder bias, they indicate that in only two countries, Croatia and Slovakia, does the insect seem to be increasing in range. 
6. Our data suggest that the insect may be in decline across Europe, most likely due to habitat loss, and that conservation plans need to be produced that focus on the biology of the insect in the local area.},
  author       = {Harvey, Deborah J and Gange, Alan C and Hawes, Colin J and Rink, Markus and Abdehalden, Michele and Al Fulaij, Nida and Asp, Therese and Ballerio, Alberto and Bartolozzi, Luca and Brustel, Herv{\'e} and Cammaerts, Roger and Carpaneto, Guiseppe Maria and Cederberg, Bjorn and Chobot, Karel and Cianferoni, Fabio and Drumont, Alain and Ellwanger, G{\"o}tz and Ferreira, S{\'o}nia and Grosso-Silva, Jos{\'e} Manuel and Gueorguiev, Borislav and Harvey, William and Hendriks, Paul and Istrate, Petru and Jansson, Nicklas and Jelaska, Lucija \'{S}eri\'{c} and Jendek, Eduard and Jovi\'{c}, Milo\v{s} and Kervyn, Thierry and Krenn, Harald W and Kretschmer, Klaus and Legakis, Anastasios and Lelo, Suvad and Moretti, Marco and Merkl, Otto and Palma, Rodrigo Megia and Neculiseanu, Zaharia and Rabitsch, Wolfgang and Rodr{\'i}guez, Santiago Merino and Smit, John T and Smith, Matthew and Sprecher-Uebersax, Eva and Telnov, Dmitry and Thomaes, Arno and Thomsen, Philip F and Tykarski, Piotr and Vrezec, Al and Werner, Sebastian and Zach, Peter},
  issn         = {1752-458X},
  journal      = {INSECT CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY},
  keyword      = {habitat associations,life history characteristics,European distribution,Lucanus cervus,predation,size variation,BODY-SIZE,INSECTS,COLEOPTERA,INEQUALITY,CONSERVATION,ALLOMETRIES,CONSTRAINTS,FECUNDITY,ABUNDANCE,EVOLUTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {23--38},
  title        = {Bionomics and distribution of the stag beetle, Lucanus cervus (L.) across Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2010.00107.x},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Harvey, Deborah J, Alan C Gange, Colin J Hawes, Markus Rink, Michele Abdehalden, Nida Al Fulaij, Therese Asp, et al. 2011. “Bionomics and Distribution of the Stag Beetle, Lucanus Cervus (L.) Across Europe.” Insect Conservation and Diversity 4 (1): 23–38.
APA
Harvey, D. J., Gange, A. C., Hawes, C. J., Rink, M., Abdehalden, M., Al Fulaij, N., Asp, T., et al. (2011). Bionomics and distribution of the stag beetle, Lucanus cervus (L.) across Europe. INSECT CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY, 4(1), 23–38.
Vancouver
1.
Harvey DJ, Gange AC, Hawes CJ, Rink M, Abdehalden M, Al Fulaij N, et al. Bionomics and distribution of the stag beetle, Lucanus cervus (L.) across Europe. INSECT CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY. 2011;4(1):23–38.
MLA
Harvey, Deborah J, Alan C Gange, Colin J Hawes, et al. “Bionomics and Distribution of the Stag Beetle, Lucanus Cervus (L.) Across Europe.” INSECT CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY 4.1 (2011): 23–38. Print.