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Reappearance of old growth elements in lowland woodlands in northern Belgium: do the associated species follow?

(2012) SILVA FENNICA. 45(5). p.909-935
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Abstract
The forest cover of the western European lowland plain has been very low for centuries. Remaining forests were intensively managed, and old-growth elements like veteran trees and coarse woody debris became virtually absent. Only over the last decades have these old-growth elements progressively redeveloped in parks, lanes and forests, and have now reached their highest level over the last 500-1000 years. Biodiversity associated with these old-growth elements makes up an important part of overall forest biodiversity. The ability of species to recolonise the newly available habitat is strongly determined by limitations in their dispersal and establishment. We analyse the current status and development of old-growth elements in Flanders (northern Belgium) and the process of recolonisation by means of specific cases, focussing on saproxylic fungi and saproxylic beetles. Our results show that 'hotspots' of secondary old growth, even isolated small patches, may have more potential for specialised biodiversity than expected, and may provide important new strongholds for recovery and recolonisation of an important share of old-growth related species.
Keywords
saproxylic species, very large trees, colonisation, dead wood, BEETLE BOLITOPHAGUS-RETICULATUS, FRAGMENTED FOREST LANDSCAPE, GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKERS, WOOD-DECAYING FUNGI, FAGUS-SYLVATICA L., PAST LAND-USE, DEAD WOOD, HABITAT FRAGMENTATION, BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, COLONIZATION PATTERNS

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Citation

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Chicago
Vandekerkhove, Kris, Luc De Keersmaeker, Ruben Walleyn, Frank Köhler, Luc Crevecoeur, Leen Govaere, Arno Thomaes, and Kris Verheyen. 2012. “Reappearance of Old Growth Elements in Lowland Woodlands in Northern Belgium: Do the Associated Species Follow?” Silva Fennica 45 (5): 909–935.
APA
Vandekerkhove, Kris, De Keersmaeker, L., Walleyn, R., Köhler, F., Crevecoeur, L., Govaere, L., Thomaes, A., et al. (2012). Reappearance of old growth elements in lowland woodlands in northern Belgium: do the associated species follow? SILVA FENNICA, 45(5), 909–935.
Vancouver
1.
Vandekerkhove K, De Keersmaeker L, Walleyn R, Köhler F, Crevecoeur L, Govaere L, et al. Reappearance of old growth elements in lowland woodlands in northern Belgium: do the associated species follow? SILVA FENNICA. 2012;45(5):909–35.
MLA
Vandekerkhove, Kris, Luc De Keersmaeker, Ruben Walleyn, et al. “Reappearance of Old Growth Elements in Lowland Woodlands in Northern Belgium: Do the Associated Species Follow?” SILVA FENNICA 45.5 (2012): 909–935. Print.
@article{2129534,
  abstract     = {The forest cover of the western European lowland plain has been very low for centuries. Remaining forests were intensively managed, and old-growth elements like veteran trees and coarse woody debris became virtually absent. Only over the last decades have these old-growth elements progressively redeveloped in parks, lanes and forests, and have now reached their highest level over the last 500-1000 years. Biodiversity associated with these old-growth elements makes up an important part of overall forest biodiversity. The ability of species to recolonise the newly available habitat is strongly determined by limitations in their dispersal and establishment. We analyse the current status and development of old-growth elements in Flanders (northern Belgium) and the process of recolonisation by means of specific cases, focussing on saproxylic fungi and saproxylic beetles. Our results show that 'hotspots' of secondary old growth, even isolated small patches, may have more potential for specialised biodiversity than expected, and may provide important new strongholds for recovery and recolonisation of an important share of old-growth related species.},
  author       = {Vandekerkhove, Kris and De Keersmaeker, Luc and Walleyn, Ruben and K{\"o}hler, Frank and Crevecoeur, Luc and Govaere, Leen and Thomaes, Arno and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {0037-5330},
  journal      = {SILVA FENNICA},
  keyword      = {saproxylic species,very large trees,colonisation,dead wood,BEETLE BOLITOPHAGUS-RETICULATUS,FRAGMENTED FOREST LANDSCAPE,GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKERS,WOOD-DECAYING FUNGI,FAGUS-SYLVATICA L.,PAST LAND-USE,DEAD WOOD,HABITAT FRAGMENTATION,BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION,COLONIZATION PATTERNS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {909--935},
  title        = {Reappearance of old growth elements in lowland woodlands in northern Belgium: do the associated species follow?},
  url          = {http://www.metla.fi/silvafennica/full/sf45/sf455909.pdf},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2012},
}

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