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Epidemiological approaches to measure childhood stress

BARBARA VANAELST UGent, Tineke De Vriendt UGent, Inge Huybrechts UGent, Sabina Rinaldi and Stefaan De Henauw UGent (2012) PAEDIATRIC AND PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY. 26(3). p.280-297
abstract
The prevalence of childhood stress has repeatedly been shown to be high, with 'parental separation' and 'being bullied at school' as the most frequently reported stressors in the child's everyday life. This is quite alarming as children are most vulnerable to the adverse psychological and physiological health consequences of chronic stress exposure. Despite growing research interest in this field over the last years, literature falls short in providing an overview of methods to adequately assess stress in elementary school children (6-12 years old). This review describes questionnaires and interviews, as well as laboratory measurements of cortisol in biological samples (serum, urine, saliva and hair) as stress assessment methods in children, with the emphasis on epidemiological research settings. Major characteristics, strengths and limitations of these methods are established, examples of child-specific stressor questionnaires and interviews are provided and specific recommendations with respect to epidemiological research are formulated. In addition, hair cortisol as a potential biomarker for chronic stress (in children) is discussed more thoroughly. This review is meant to serve as a preliminary guide for health researchers new to this research area by reflecting on theoretical and methodological aspects in childhood stress assessment.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
measurement of stress, childhood, questionnaires, interviews, hair, blood, urine, saliva, cortisol, HAIR CORTISOL CONCENTRATIONS, LIFE EVENTS, SALIVARY CORTISOL, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, SCHOOL-CHILDREN, PREADOLESCENT CHILDREN, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES, PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
journal title
PAEDIATRIC AND PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
Paediatr. Perinat. Epidemiol.
volume
26
issue
3
pages
280 - 297
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000302471200013
JCR category
PEDIATRICS
JCR impact factor
2.157 (2012)
JCR rank
32/119 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0269-5022
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-3016.2012.01258.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2129326
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2129326
date created
2012-06-01 15:28:36
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:04:16
@article{2129326,
  abstract     = {The prevalence of childhood stress has repeatedly been shown to be high, with 'parental separation' and 'being bullied at school' as the most frequently reported stressors in the child's everyday life. This is quite alarming as children are most vulnerable to the adverse psychological and physiological health consequences of chronic stress exposure. 
Despite growing research interest in this field over the last years, literature falls short in providing an overview of methods to adequately assess stress in elementary school children (6-12 years old). 
This review describes questionnaires and interviews, as well as laboratory measurements of cortisol in biological samples (serum, urine, saliva and hair) as stress assessment methods in children, with the emphasis on epidemiological research settings. Major characteristics, strengths and limitations of these methods are established, examples of child-specific stressor questionnaires and interviews are provided and specific recommendations with respect to epidemiological research are formulated. In addition, hair cortisol as a potential biomarker for chronic stress (in children) is discussed more thoroughly. This review is meant to serve as a preliminary guide for health researchers new to this research area by reflecting on theoretical and methodological aspects in childhood stress assessment.},
  author       = {VANAELST, BARBARA and De Vriendt, Tineke and Huybrechts, Inge and Rinaldi, Sabina and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0269-5022},
  journal      = {PAEDIATRIC AND PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {measurement of stress,childhood,questionnaires,interviews,hair,blood,urine,saliva,cortisol,HAIR CORTISOL CONCENTRATIONS,LIFE EVENTS,SALIVARY CORTISOL,PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS,SCHOOL-CHILDREN,PREADOLESCENT CHILDREN,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES,PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {280--297},
  title        = {Epidemiological approaches to measure childhood stress},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3016.2012.01258.x},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
VANAELST, BARBARA, Tineke De Vriendt, Inge Huybrechts, Sabina Rinaldi, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2012. “Epidemiological Approaches to Measure Childhood Stress.” Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 26 (3): 280–297.
APA
VANAELST, B., De Vriendt, T., Huybrechts, I., Rinaldi, S., & De Henauw, S. (2012). Epidemiological approaches to measure childhood stress. PAEDIATRIC AND PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, 26(3), 280–297.
Vancouver
1.
VANAELST B, De Vriendt T, Huybrechts I, Rinaldi S, De Henauw S. Epidemiological approaches to measure childhood stress. PAEDIATRIC AND PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY. 2012;26(3):280–97.
MLA
VANAELST, BARBARA, Tineke De Vriendt, Inge Huybrechts, et al. “Epidemiological Approaches to Measure Childhood Stress.” PAEDIATRIC AND PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 26.3 (2012): 280–297. Print.