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Antigenic diversity of hepatitis B virus strains of genotype F in Amerindians and other population groups from Venezuela

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Abstract
The adw4 subtype of hepatitis B virus (HBV) belongs to a unique genomic group (genotype F) representing the original HBV strains from the New World. Data regarding the prevalence of this subtype among HBV carriers in South America are, however, scarce, and those concerning HBV genotype F are based on only a few samples from Latin America. In this study, serum samples were obtained from 141 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers from Amerindians and urban populations from Venezuela. The HBsAg subtype was identified with monoclonal antibodies in 105 samples, and the HBV genotype was identified by reverse-phase hybridization with DNA fragments in 58 samples. The adw4 subtype was highly prevalent in the population studied (75%); among the Amerindians, the prevalence was 97%. The adw2 subtype was also present (10%), while other subtypes (ayw3 and ayw4) were only occasionally found. The HBV subtype was associated with the expected genotype in most cases (80%), and thus genotype F was highly prevalent. Sequencing of viral strains that gave genotypes unpredicted by the HBsAg subtyping confirmed seven of them as belonging to not previously described genotype-subtype associations: namely, adw2 and ayw4 within genotype F.
Keywords
HBSAG SUBTYPES, SURFACE-ANTIGEN, HBV GENOTYPE, RELATEDNESS, INFECTION, SEQUENCE, BRAZIL, BASIN

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Citation

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Chicago
Blitz, Linda, Flor H Pujol, Paul D Swenson, Leticia Porto, Ricardo Atencio, Mary Araujo, Luciana Costa, et al. 1998. “Antigenic Diversity of Hepatitis B Virus Strains of Genotype F in Amerindians and Other Population Groups from Venezuela.” Journal of Clinical Microbiology 36 (3): 648–651.
APA
Blitz, L., Pujol, F. H., Swenson, P. D., Porto, L., Atencio, R., Araujo, M., Costa, L., et al. (1998). Antigenic diversity of hepatitis B virus strains of genotype F in Amerindians and other population groups from Venezuela. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 36(3), 648–651.
Vancouver
1.
Blitz L, Pujol FH, Swenson PD, Porto L, Atencio R, Araujo M, et al. Antigenic diversity of hepatitis B virus strains of genotype F in Amerindians and other population groups from Venezuela. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 1998;36(3):648–51.
MLA
Blitz, Linda, Flor H Pujol, Paul D Swenson, et al. “Antigenic Diversity of Hepatitis B Virus Strains of Genotype F in Amerindians and Other Population Groups from Venezuela.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 36.3 (1998): 648–651. Print.
@article{2125004,
  abstract     = {The adw4 subtype of hepatitis B virus (HBV) belongs to a unique genomic group (genotype F) representing the original HBV strains from the New World. Data regarding the prevalence of this subtype among HBV carriers in South America are, however, scarce, and those concerning HBV genotype F are based on only a few samples from Latin America. In this study, serum samples were obtained from 141 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers from Amerindians and urban populations from Venezuela. The HBsAg subtype was identified with monoclonal antibodies in 105 samples, and the HBV genotype was identified by reverse-phase hybridization with DNA fragments in 58 samples. The adw4 subtype was highly prevalent in the population studied (75\%); among the Amerindians, the prevalence was 97\%. The adw2 subtype was also present (10\%), while other subtypes (ayw3 and ayw4) were only occasionally found. The HBV subtype was associated with the expected genotype in most cases (80\%), and thus genotype F was highly prevalent. Sequencing of viral strains that gave genotypes unpredicted by the HBsAg subtyping confirmed seven of them as belonging to not previously described genotype-subtype associations: namely, adw2 and ayw4 within genotype F.},
  author       = {Blitz, Linda and Pujol, Flor H and Swenson, Paul D and Porto, Leticia and Atencio, Ricardo and Araujo, Mary and Costa, Luciana and Callejas Monsalve, Diana and Torres, Jaime R and Fields, Howard A and Lambert, Steve and Van Geyt, Caroline and Norder, Helene and Magnius, Lars O and Echevarr{\'i}a, Jos{\'e} M and Stuyver, Lieven},
  issn         = {0095-1137},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {HBSAG SUBTYPES,SURFACE-ANTIGEN,HBV GENOTYPE,RELATEDNESS,INFECTION,SEQUENCE,BRAZIL,BASIN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {648--651},
  title        = {Antigenic diversity of hepatitis B virus strains of genotype F in Amerindians and other population groups from Venezuela},
  url          = {http://jcm.asm.org/content/36/3/648},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {1998},
}

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