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Palaeozoic landscapes shaped by plant evolution

Martin Gibling and Neil Davies UGent (2012) NATURE GEOSCIENCE. 5(2). p.99-105
abstract
Fluvial landscapes diversified markedly over the 250 million years between the Cambrian and Pennsylvanian periods. The diversification occurred in tandem with the evolution of vascular plants and expanding vegetation cover. In the absence of widespread vegetation, landscapes during the Cambrian and Ordovican periods were dominated by rivers with wide sand-beds and aeolian tracts. During the late Silurian and Devonian periods, the appearance of vascular plants with root systems was associated with the development of channelled sand-bed rivers, meandering rivers and muddy floodplains. The widespread expansion of trees by the Early Pennsylvanian marks the appearance of narrow fixed channels, some representing anabranching systems, and braided rivers with vegetated islands. We conclude that the development of roots stabilized the banks of rivers and streams. The subsequent appearance of woody debris led to log jams that promoted the rapid formation of new river channels. Our contention is supported by studies of modern fluvial systems and laboratory experiments. In turn, fluvial styles influenced plant evolution as new ecological settings developed along the fluvial systems. We suggest that terrestrial plant and landscape evolution allowed colonization by an increasingly diverse array of organisms.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
CHANNEL, FACIES, WOODY DEBRIS, EARTH SURFACE, FOSSIL RECORD, ANASTOMOSING RIVER, RIPARIAN VEGETATION, TIME-SCALE, LAND PLANTS, SOUTHEASTERN AUSTRALIA
journal title
NATURE GEOSCIENCE
Nat. Geosci.
volume
5
issue
2
pages
99 - 105
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000300397300011
JCR category
GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
12.367 (2012)
JCR rank
1/170 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
1752-0894
DOI
10.1038/NGEO1376
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
id
2124899
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2124899
date created
2012-05-31 13:03:40
date last changed
2012-06-13 14:59:09
@article{2124899,
  abstract     = {Fluvial landscapes diversified markedly over the 250 million years between the Cambrian and Pennsylvanian periods. The diversification occurred in tandem with the evolution of vascular plants and expanding vegetation cover. In the absence of widespread vegetation, landscapes during the Cambrian and Ordovican periods were dominated by rivers with wide sand-beds and aeolian tracts. During the late Silurian and Devonian periods, the appearance of vascular plants with root systems was associated with the development of channelled sand-bed rivers, meandering rivers and muddy floodplains. The widespread expansion of trees by the Early Pennsylvanian marks the appearance of narrow fixed channels, some representing anabranching systems, and braided rivers with vegetated islands. We conclude that the development of roots stabilized the banks of rivers and streams. The subsequent appearance of woody debris led to log jams that promoted the rapid formation of new river channels. Our contention is supported by studies of modern fluvial systems and laboratory experiments. In turn, fluvial styles influenced plant evolution as new ecological settings developed along the fluvial systems. We suggest that terrestrial plant and landscape evolution allowed colonization by an increasingly diverse array of organisms.},
  author       = {Gibling, Martin and Davies, Neil},
  issn         = {1752-0894},
  journal      = {NATURE GEOSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {CHANNEL,FACIES,WOODY DEBRIS,EARTH SURFACE,FOSSIL RECORD,ANASTOMOSING RIVER,RIPARIAN VEGETATION,TIME-SCALE,LAND PLANTS,SOUTHEASTERN AUSTRALIA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {99--105},
  title        = {Palaeozoic landscapes shaped by plant evolution},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1376},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Gibling, Martin, and Neil Davies. 2012. “Palaeozoic Landscapes Shaped by Plant Evolution.” Nature Geoscience 5 (2): 99–105.
APA
Gibling, M., & Davies, N. (2012). Palaeozoic landscapes shaped by plant evolution. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 5(2), 99–105.
Vancouver
1.
Gibling M, Davies N. Palaeozoic landscapes shaped by plant evolution. NATURE GEOSCIENCE. 2012;5(2):99–105.
MLA
Gibling, Martin, and Neil Davies. “Palaeozoic Landscapes Shaped by Plant Evolution.” NATURE GEOSCIENCE 5.2 (2012): 99–105. Print.