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Effect of ectomycorrhizal colonization and drought on reactive oxygen species metabolism of Nothofagus dombeyi roots

(2009) TREE PHYSIOLOGY. 29(8). p.1047-1057
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Abstract
Infection with ectomycorrhizal fungi can increase the ability of plants to resist drought stress through morphophysiological and biochemical mechanisms. However, the metabolism of antioxidative enzyme activities in the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis remains poorly understood. This study investigated biomass production, reactive oxygen metabolism (hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde concentration) and antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and glutathione reductase) in pure cultures of the ectomycorrhizal fungi Descolea antartica Sing. and Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.) Coker & Couch, and non-mycorrhizal and mycorrhizal roots of Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) roots under well-watered conditions and drought conditions (DC). The studied ectomycorrhizal fungi regulated their antioxidative enzyme metabolism differentially in response to drought, resulting in cellular damage in D. antartica but not in P. tinctorius. Ectomycorrhizal inoculation and water treatment had a significant effect on all parameters studied, including relative water content of the plant. As such, N. dombeyi plants in symbiosis experienced a lower oxidative stress effect than non-mycorrhizal plants under DC. Additionally, ectomycorrhizal N. dombeyi roots showed a greater antioxidant enzyme activity relative to non-mycorrhizal roots, an effect which was further expressed under DC. The association between the non-specific P. tinctorius and N. dombeyi had a more effective reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism than the specific D. antartica-N. dombeyi symbiosis. We conclude that the combination of effective ROS prevention and ROS detoxification by ectomycorrhizal plants resulted in reduced cellular damage and increased plant growth relative to non-mycorrhizal plants under drought.
Keywords
SOYBEAN PLANTS, NITRIC-OXIDE, NODULE SENESCENCE, ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEMS, LYCOPERSICON-PENNELLII, HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE, OXIDATIVE STRESS, WATER-STRESS, ASCORBATE-GLUTATHIONE CYCLE, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE ACTIVITY, volcanic soil, superoxide dismutase, pristine forest, glutathione reductase, ascorbate peroxidase, catalase

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Alvarez, Maricel, Dries Huygens, Carlos Fernandez, Yessy Gacitua, Erick Olivares, Isabel Saavedra, Miren Alberdi, and Eduardo Valenzuela. 2009. “Effect of Ectomycorrhizal Colonization and Drought on Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolism of Nothofagus Dombeyi Roots.” Tree Physiology 29 (8): 1047–1057.
APA
Alvarez, M., Huygens, D., Fernandez, C., Gacitua, Y., Olivares, E., Saavedra, I., Alberdi, M., et al. (2009). Effect of ectomycorrhizal colonization and drought on reactive oxygen species metabolism of Nothofagus dombeyi roots. TREE PHYSIOLOGY, 29(8), 1047–1057.
Vancouver
1.
Alvarez M, Huygens D, Fernandez C, Gacitua Y, Olivares E, Saavedra I, et al. Effect of ectomycorrhizal colonization and drought on reactive oxygen species metabolism of Nothofagus dombeyi roots. TREE PHYSIOLOGY. 2009;29(8):1047–57.
MLA
Alvarez, Maricel, Dries Huygens, Carlos Fernandez, et al. “Effect of Ectomycorrhizal Colonization and Drought on Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolism of Nothofagus Dombeyi Roots.” TREE PHYSIOLOGY 29.8 (2009): 1047–1057. Print.
@article{2120390,
  abstract     = {Infection with ectomycorrhizal fungi can increase the ability of plants to resist drought stress through morphophysiological and biochemical mechanisms. However, the metabolism of antioxidative enzyme activities in the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis remains poorly understood. This study investigated biomass production, reactive oxygen metabolism (hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde concentration) and antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and glutathione reductase) in pure cultures of the ectomycorrhizal fungi Descolea antartica Sing. and Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.) Coker \& Couch, and non-mycorrhizal and mycorrhizal roots of Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) roots under well-watered conditions and drought conditions (DC). The studied ectomycorrhizal fungi regulated their antioxidative enzyme metabolism differentially in response to drought, resulting in cellular damage in D. antartica but not in P. tinctorius. Ectomycorrhizal inoculation and water treatment had a significant effect on all parameters studied, including relative water content of the plant. As such, N. dombeyi plants in symbiosis experienced a lower oxidative stress effect than non-mycorrhizal plants under DC. Additionally, ectomycorrhizal N. dombeyi roots showed a greater antioxidant enzyme activity relative to non-mycorrhizal roots, an effect which was further expressed under DC. The association between the non-specific P. tinctorius and N. dombeyi had a more effective reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism than the specific D. antartica-N. dombeyi symbiosis. We conclude that the combination of effective ROS prevention and ROS detoxification by ectomycorrhizal plants resulted in reduced cellular damage and increased plant growth relative to non-mycorrhizal plants under drought.},
  author       = {Alvarez, Maricel and Huygens, Dries and Fernandez, Carlos and Gacitua, Yessy and Olivares, Erick and Saavedra, Isabel and Alberdi, Miren and Valenzuela, Eduardo},
  issn         = {0829-318X},
  journal      = {TREE PHYSIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {SOYBEAN PLANTS,NITRIC-OXIDE,NODULE SENESCENCE,ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEMS,LYCOPERSICON-PENNELLII,HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE,OXIDATIVE STRESS,WATER-STRESS,ASCORBATE-GLUTATHIONE CYCLE,SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE ACTIVITY,volcanic soil,superoxide dismutase,pristine forest,glutathione reductase,ascorbate peroxidase,catalase},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1047--1057},
  title        = {Effect of ectomycorrhizal colonization and drought on reactive oxygen species metabolism of Nothofagus dombeyi roots},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpp038},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2009},
}

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