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Efficiency assessment of runoff harvesting techniques using a 3D coupled surface-subsurface hydrological model

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Abstract
In arid and semi-arid zones runoff harvesting techniques are often applied to increase the water retention and infiltration on steep slopes. Additionally, they act as an erosion control measure to reduce land degradation hazards. Both in literature and in the field, a large variety of runoff collecting systems are found, as well as large variations in design and dimensions. Therefore, detailed measurements were performed on a semi-arid slope in central Chile to allow identification of the effect of a simple water harvesting technique on soil water availability. For this purpose, twenty two TDR-probes were installed and were monitored continuously during and after a simulated rainfall event. These data were used to calibrate the 3D distributed flow model HydroGeoSphere, to assess the runoff components and soil water retention as influenced by the water harvesting technique, both under simulated and natural rainfall conditions. Preliminary results show important design flaws that do not take into account local soil and climatic conditions adequately, resulting in a low water harvesting efficiency. The proposed methodology can be used to improve the design of water harvesting techniques, to optimally apply scarce financial sources in order to obtain maximal efficiency from runoff harvesting techniques in semi-arid regions.
Keywords
Arid and semi-arid zones, hydrological modelling, water harvesting techniques, soil moisture content

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Chicago
Verbist, Koen, Wim Cornelis, Robert G McLaren, Donald Gabriels, and Guido Soto. 2012. “Efficiency Assessment of Runoff Harvesting Techniques Using a 3D Coupled Surface-subsurface Hydrological Model.” In 19th World Congress of Soil Science : Soil Solutions for a Changing World : Proceedings, ed. RJ Gilkes and Nattaporn Prakougkep, 1–4. International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS).
APA
Verbist, K., Cornelis, W., McLaren, R. G., Gabriels, D., & Soto, G. (2012). Efficiency assessment of runoff harvesting techniques using a 3D coupled surface-subsurface hydrological model. In R. Gilkes & N. Prakougkep (Eds.), 19th World congress of soil science : soil solutions for a changing world : proceedings (pp. 1–4). Presented at the 19th World congress of Soil Science : Soil solutions for a changing world, International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS).
Vancouver
1.
Verbist K, Cornelis W, McLaren RG, Gabriels D, Soto G. Efficiency assessment of runoff harvesting techniques using a 3D coupled surface-subsurface hydrological model. In: Gilkes R, Prakougkep N, editors. 19th World congress of soil science : soil solutions for a changing world : proceedings. International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS); 2012. p. 1–4.
MLA
Verbist, Koen, Wim Cornelis, Robert G McLaren, et al. “Efficiency Assessment of Runoff Harvesting Techniques Using a 3D Coupled Surface-subsurface Hydrological Model.” 19th World Congress of Soil Science : Soil Solutions for a Changing World : Proceedings. Ed. RJ Gilkes & Nattaporn Prakougkep. International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), 2012. 1–4. Print.
@inproceedings{2119613,
  abstract     = {In arid and semi-arid zones runoff harvesting techniques are often applied to increase the water retention and infiltration on steep slopes. Additionally, they act as an erosion control measure to reduce land degradation hazards. Both in literature and in the field, a large variety of runoff collecting systems are found, as well as large variations in design and dimensions. Therefore, detailed measurements were performed on a semi-arid slope in central Chile to allow identification of the effect of a simple water harvesting technique on soil water availability. For this purpose, twenty two TDR-probes were installed and were monitored continuously during and after a simulated rainfall event. These data were used to calibrate the 3D distributed flow model HydroGeoSphere, to assess the runoff components and soil water retention as influenced by the water harvesting technique, both under simulated and natural rainfall conditions.
Preliminary results show important design flaws that do not take into account local soil and climatic conditions adequately, resulting in a low water harvesting efficiency.
The proposed methodology can be used to improve the design of water harvesting techniques, to optimally apply scarce financial sources in order to obtain maximal efficiency from runoff harvesting techniques in semi-arid regions.},
  author       = {Verbist, Koen and Cornelis, Wim and McLaren, Robert G and Gabri{\"e}ls, Donald and Soto, Guido},
  booktitle    = {19th World congress of soil science : soil solutions for a changing world : proceedings},
  editor       = {Gilkes, RJ and Prakougkep, Nattaporn},
  isbn         = {9780646537832},
  keyword      = {Arid and semi-arid zones,hydrological modelling,water harvesting techniques,soil moisture content},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Brisbane, QLD, Australia},
  pages        = {1--4},
  publisher    = {International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS)},
  title        = {Efficiency assessment of runoff harvesting techniques using a 3D coupled surface-subsurface hydrological model},
  year         = {2012},
}