Advanced search
1 file | 153.11 KB

Spontaneous electromagnetic superconductivity of vacuum in a strong magnetic field : evidence from the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model

Maxim Chernodub (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Using an extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model as a low-energy effective model of QCD, we show that the vacuum in a strong external magnetic field (stronger than 10(16) T) experiences a spontaneous phase transition to an electromagnetically superconducting state. The unexpected superconductivity of, basically, empty space is induced by emergence of quark-antiquark vector condensates with quantum numbers of electrically charged rho mesons. The superconducting phase possesses an anisotropic inhomogeneous structure similar to a periodic Abrikosov lattice in a type-II superconductor. The superconducting vacuum is made of a new type of vortices which are topological defects in the charged vector condensates. The superconductivity is realized along the axis of the magnetic field only. We argue that this effect is absent in pure QED.
Keywords
DYNAMICAL SYMMETRY-BREAKING, ELECTROWEAK THEORY, CONDENSATE SOLUTION, CATALYSIS

Downloads

  • Chernodub 2011 PRL 106 14 e142003.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 153.11 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Chernodub, Maxim. 2011. “Spontaneous Electromagnetic Superconductivity of Vacuum in a Strong Magnetic Field : Evidence from the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio Model.” Physical Review Letters 106 (14).
APA
Chernodub, M. (2011). Spontaneous electromagnetic superconductivity of vacuum in a strong magnetic field : evidence from the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 106(14).
Vancouver
1.
Chernodub M. Spontaneous electromagnetic superconductivity of vacuum in a strong magnetic field : evidence from the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. 2011;106(14).
MLA
Chernodub, Maxim. “Spontaneous Electromagnetic Superconductivity of Vacuum in a Strong Magnetic Field : Evidence from the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio Model.” PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 106.14 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{2119087,
  abstract     = {Using an extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model as a low-energy effective model of QCD, we show that the vacuum in a strong external magnetic field (stronger than 10(16) T) experiences a spontaneous phase transition to an electromagnetically superconducting state. The unexpected superconductivity of, basically, empty space is induced by emergence of quark-antiquark vector condensates with quantum numbers of electrically charged rho mesons. The superconducting phase possesses an anisotropic inhomogeneous structure similar to a periodic Abrikosov lattice in a type-II superconductor. The superconducting vacuum is made of a new type of vortices which are topological defects in the charged vector condensates. The superconductivity is realized along the axis of the magnetic field only. We argue that this effect is absent in pure QED.},
  articleno    = {142003},
  author       = {Chernodub, Maxim},
  issn         = {0031-9007},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS},
  keyword      = {DYNAMICAL SYMMETRY-BREAKING,ELECTROWEAK THEORY,CONDENSATE SOLUTION,CATALYSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  pages        = {4},
  title        = {Spontaneous electromagnetic superconductivity of vacuum in a strong magnetic field : evidence from the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.142003},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2011},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: