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How and why children change in aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors from childhood to adolescence: moderation of overreactive parenting by child personality

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Abstract
Background: This study examines how and why children change in aggression and delinquency from age 6 to 15 years. Besides assessing the shape of the developmental trajectories of aggression and delinquency, we investigated whether child personality characteristics, parenting, and interactions between these two predict the development of aggression/delinquency. Methods: Employing a cohort-sequential design, data from the Flemish Study on Parenting, Personality, and Development were used. The sample consisted of 586 children aged 6-9 years at the first assessment, and their parents. Mothers, fathers, and teachers rated child personality at Time 1 using the Hierarchical Personality Inventory for Children, and mothers and fathers rated externalizing behaviors at the first, second, and third assessment using the Child Behavior Checklist. Parents rated their own overreactive parenting at Time 1 with the Parenting Scale. Results: Aggression and delinquency showed differential, though interrelated development. Less extraverted, benevolent and conscientious children, and more imaginative children were more susceptible to overreactivity. The model replicated across fathers' overreactivity. Conclusions: Parents of children who are less extraverted, benevolent and conscientious, or more imaginative, are in particular need of being supported in developing and maintaining effective disciplinary techniques.
Keywords
PROBLEM BEHAVIOR, GROWTH CURVE ANALYSIS, EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIOR, PHYSICAL AGGRESSION, DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY, DEVELOPMENTAL TRAJECTORIES, ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, LIFE-COURSE, DISCIPLINE, TRAITS, Aggression, delinquency, personality, development, parenting

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Chicago
De Haan, Amaranta, Peter Prinzie, and Maja Dekovic. 2010. “How and Why Children Change in Aggressive and Rule-breaking Behaviors from Childhood to Adolescence: Moderation of Overreactive Parenting by Child Personality.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 51 (6): 725–733.
APA
De Haan, A., Prinzie, P., & Dekovic, M. (2010). How and why children change in aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors from childhood to adolescence: moderation of overreactive parenting by child personality. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY, 51(6), 725–733.
Vancouver
1.
De Haan A, Prinzie P, Dekovic M. How and why children change in aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors from childhood to adolescence: moderation of overreactive parenting by child personality. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY. 2010;51(6):725–33.
MLA
De Haan, Amaranta, Peter Prinzie, and Maja Dekovic. “How and Why Children Change in Aggressive and Rule-breaking Behaviors from Childhood to Adolescence: Moderation of Overreactive Parenting by Child Personality.” JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY 51.6 (2010): 725–733. Print.
@article{2118673,
  abstract     = {Background: This study examines how and why children change in aggression and delinquency from age 6 to 15 years. Besides assessing the shape of the developmental trajectories of aggression and delinquency, we investigated whether child personality characteristics, parenting, and interactions between these two predict the development of aggression/delinquency. Methods: Employing a cohort-sequential design, data from the Flemish Study on Parenting, Personality, and Development were used. The sample consisted of 586 children aged 6-9 years at the first assessment, and their parents. Mothers, fathers, and teachers rated child personality at Time 1 using the Hierarchical Personality Inventory for Children, and mothers and fathers rated externalizing behaviors at the first, second, and third assessment using the Child Behavior Checklist. Parents rated their own overreactive parenting at Time 1 with the Parenting Scale. Results: Aggression and delinquency showed differential, though interrelated development. Less extraverted, benevolent and conscientious children, and more imaginative children were more susceptible to overreactivity. The model replicated across fathers' overreactivity. Conclusions: Parents of children who are less extraverted, benevolent and conscientious, or more imaginative, are in particular need of being supported in developing and maintaining effective disciplinary techniques.},
  author       = {De Haan, Amaranta and Prinzie, Peter  and Dekovic, Maja},
  issn         = {0021-9630},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY},
  keyword      = {PROBLEM BEHAVIOR,GROWTH CURVE ANALYSIS,EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIOR,PHYSICAL AGGRESSION,DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY,DEVELOPMENTAL TRAJECTORIES,ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR,LIFE-COURSE,DISCIPLINE,TRAITS,Aggression,delinquency,personality,development,parenting},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {725--733},
  title        = {How and why children change in aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors from childhood to adolescence: moderation of overreactive parenting by child personality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02192.x},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2010},
}

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