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Short rotation coppice culture of willows and poplars as energy crops on metal contaminated agricultural soils

Ann Ruttens, Jana Boulet, Nele Weyens, Karen Smeets, Kristin Adriaensen, Erik Meers UGent, Stijn Van Slycken UGent, Filip Tack UGent, Linda Meiresonne and Theo Thewys, et al. (2011) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION. 13(suppl. 1). p.194-207
abstract
Phytoremediation, more precisely phytoextraction, has been placed forward as an environmental friendly remediation technique, that can gradually reduce increased soil metal concentrations, in particular the bioavailable fractions. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibilities of growing willows and poplars under short rotation coppice (SRC) on an acid, poor, sandy metal contaminated soil, to combine in this way soil remediation by phytoextraction on one hand, and production of biomass for energy purposes on the other. Above ground biomass productivities were low for poplars to moderate for willows, which was not surprising, taking into account the soil conditions that are not very favorable for growth of these trees. Calculated phytoextraction efficiency was much longer for poplars than these for willows. We calculated that for phytoextraction in this particular case it would take at least 36 years to reach the legal threshold values for cadmium, but in combination with production of feedstock for bioenergy processes, this type of land use can offer an alternative income for local farmers. Based on the data of the first growing cycle, for this particular case, SRC of willows should be recommended.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (proceedingsPaper)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
phytoextraction, soil remediation, BIOENERGY PRODUCTION, cadmium, soil contamination, bioenergy, ECONOMIC VIABILITY, BIOMASS PRODUCTION, CLONAL VARIATION, SALIX-VIMINALIS, HEAVY-METALS, PHYTOEXTRACTION, PHYTOREMEDIATION, CADMIUM, ACCUMULATION
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION
Int. J. Phytoremediat.
volume
13
issue
suppl. 1
pages
194 - 207
conference name
6th International Phytotechnologies Conference
conference location
St Louis, MO, USA
conference start
2009-12-02
conference end
2009-12-04
Web of Science type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Web of Science id
000299432300014
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.298 (2011)
JCR rank
127/203 (2011)
JCR quartile
3 (2011)
ISSN
1522-6514
DOI
10.1080/15226514.2011.568543
project
Energiegewassen op landbouwgronden aangerijkt met zware metalen/IWT
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2111673
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2111673
date created
2012-05-23 14:31:50
date last changed
2012-05-24 10:30:11
@article{2111673,
  abstract     = {Phytoremediation, more precisely phytoextraction, has been placed forward as an environmental friendly remediation technique, that can gradually reduce increased soil metal concentrations, in particular the bioavailable fractions. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibilities of growing willows and poplars under short rotation coppice (SRC) on an acid, poor, sandy metal contaminated soil, to combine in this way soil remediation by phytoextraction on one hand, and production of biomass for energy purposes on the other. Above ground biomass productivities were low for poplars to moderate for willows, which was not surprising, taking into account the soil conditions that are not very favorable for growth of these trees. Calculated phytoextraction efficiency was much longer for poplars than these for willows. We calculated that for phytoextraction in this particular case it would take at least 36 years to reach the legal threshold values for cadmium, but in combination with production of feedstock for bioenergy processes, this type of land use can offer an alternative income for local farmers. Based on the data of the first growing cycle, for this particular case, SRC of willows should be recommended.},
  author       = {Ruttens, Ann and Boulet, Jana and Weyens, Nele and Smeets, Karen and Adriaensen, Kristin and Meers, Erik and Van Slycken, Stijn and Tack, Filip and Meiresonne, Linda and Thewys, Theo and Witters, Nele and Carleer, Robert and Dupae, Joke and Vangronsveld, Jaco},
  issn         = {1522-6514},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION},
  keyword      = {phytoextraction,soil remediation,BIOENERGY PRODUCTION,cadmium,soil contamination,bioenergy,ECONOMIC VIABILITY,BIOMASS PRODUCTION,CLONAL VARIATION,SALIX-VIMINALIS,HEAVY-METALS,PHYTOEXTRACTION,PHYTOREMEDIATION,CADMIUM,ACCUMULATION},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {St Louis, MO, USA},
  number       = {suppl. 1},
  pages        = {194--207},
  title        = {Short rotation coppice culture of willows and poplars as energy crops on metal contaminated agricultural soils},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2011.568543},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Ruttens, Ann, Jana Boulet, Nele Weyens, Karen Smeets, Kristin Adriaensen, Erik Meers, Stijn Van Slycken, et al. 2011. “Short Rotation Coppice Culture of Willows and Poplars as Energy Crops on Metal Contaminated Agricultural Soils.” International Journal of Phytoremediation 13 (suppl. 1): 194–207.
APA
Ruttens, A., Boulet, J., Weyens, N., Smeets, K., Adriaensen, K., Meers, E., Van Slycken, S., et al. (2011). Short rotation coppice culture of willows and poplars as energy crops on metal contaminated agricultural soils. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION, 13(suppl. 1), 194–207. Presented at the 6th International Phytotechnologies Conference.
Vancouver
1.
Ruttens A, Boulet J, Weyens N, Smeets K, Adriaensen K, Meers E, et al. Short rotation coppice culture of willows and poplars as energy crops on metal contaminated agricultural soils. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION. 2011;13(suppl. 1):194–207.
MLA
Ruttens, Ann, Jana Boulet, Nele Weyens, et al. “Short Rotation Coppice Culture of Willows and Poplars as Energy Crops on Metal Contaminated Agricultural Soils.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION 13.suppl. 1 (2011): 194–207. Print.