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A step into the anarchist's mind: examining political attitudes and ideology through event-related brain potentials

Kristof Dhont (UGent) , Alain Van Hiel (UGent) , Sven Pattyn (UGent) , Emma Onraet (UGent) and Els Severens (UGent)
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Abstract
The present study investigates patterns of event-related brain potentials following the presentation of attitudinal stimuli among political moderates (N=12) and anarchists (N=11). We used a modified oddball paradigm to investigate the evaluative inconsistency effect elicited by stimuli embedded in a sequence of contextual stimuli with an opposite valence. Increased late positive potentials (LPPs) of extreme political attitudes were observed. Moreover, this LPP enhancement was larger among anarchists than among moderates, indicating that an extreme political attitude of a moderate differs from an extreme political attitude of an anarchist. The discussion elaborates on the meaning of attitude extremity for moderates and extremists.
Keywords
EVALUATIVE CATEGORIZATIONS, WING AUTHORITARIANISM, BIOELECTRICAL ECHOES, FMRI, CONSERVATISM, NEGATIVITY, EXTREMITY, STANDARDS, JUDGMENT, RATINGS, brain, anarchism, ERP, extremism, ideology, political attitudes

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MLA
Dhont, Kristof et al. “A Step into the Anarchist’s Mind: Examining Political Attitudes and Ideology Through Event-related Brain Potentials.” SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE 7.3 (2012): 296–303. Print.
APA
Dhont, K., Van Hiel, A., Pattyn, S., Onraet, E., & Severens, E. (2012). A step into the anarchist’s mind: examining political attitudes and ideology through event-related brain potentials. SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE, 7(3), 296–303.
Chicago author-date
Dhont, Kristof, Alain Van Hiel, Sven Pattyn, Emma Onraet, and Els Severens. 2012. “A Step into the Anarchist’s Mind: Examining Political Attitudes and Ideology Through Event-related Brain Potentials.” Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 7 (3): 296–303.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dhont, Kristof, Alain Van Hiel, Sven Pattyn, Emma Onraet, and Els Severens. 2012. “A Step into the Anarchist’s Mind: Examining Political Attitudes and Ideology Through Event-related Brain Potentials.” Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 7 (3): 296–303.
Vancouver
1.
Dhont K, Van Hiel A, Pattyn S, Onraet E, Severens E. A step into the anarchist’s mind: examining political attitudes and ideology through event-related brain potentials. SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE. 2012;7(3):296–303.
IEEE
[1]
K. Dhont, A. Van Hiel, S. Pattyn, E. Onraet, and E. Severens, “A step into the anarchist’s mind: examining political attitudes and ideology through event-related brain potentials,” SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 296–303, 2012.
@article{2109492,
  abstract     = {{The present study investigates patterns of event-related brain potentials following the presentation of attitudinal stimuli among political moderates (N=12) and anarchists (N=11). We used a modified oddball paradigm to investigate the evaluative inconsistency effect elicited by stimuli embedded in a sequence of contextual stimuli with an opposite valence. Increased late positive potentials (LPPs) of extreme political attitudes were observed. Moreover, this LPP enhancement was larger among anarchists than among moderates, indicating that an extreme political attitude of a moderate differs from an extreme political attitude of an anarchist. The discussion elaborates on the meaning of attitude extremity for moderates and extremists.}},
  author       = {{Dhont, Kristof and Van Hiel, Alain and Pattyn, Sven and Onraet, Emma and Severens, Els}},
  issn         = {{1749-5016}},
  journal      = {{SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{EVALUATIVE CATEGORIZATIONS,WING AUTHORITARIANISM,BIOELECTRICAL ECHOES,FMRI,CONSERVATISM,NEGATIVITY,EXTREMITY,STANDARDS,JUDGMENT,RATINGS,brain,anarchism,ERP,extremism,ideology,political attitudes}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{296--303}},
  title        = {{A step into the anarchist's mind: examining political attitudes and ideology through event-related brain potentials}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsr009}},
  volume       = {{7}},
  year         = {{2012}},
}

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