Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Comparing push and pull measures for PV and wind in Europe

Ruben Laleman UGent and Johan Albrecht UGent (2014) RENEWABLE ENERGY. 61. p.33-37
abstract
Successful technological innovation frameworks are based on synergistic packages of technology push and demand pull measures. As the massive deployment of premature renewable energy technologies risks becoming very expensive, the debate on the optimal trajectory of renewable technologies should explicitly consider the balance between deployment incentives and R&D efforts. This paper explores this balance regarding wind and PV technology support in Europe. Based on rather conservative estimates, we calculate future deployment costs and compare these figures to the current public investments in PV and wind R&D. We find that, today, for each Euro spent on R&D to develop future technologies, 35 to 41 Euros are spent on the deployment of existing technologies. Furthermore, private PV and wind technology companies tend to underinvest in R&D for various reasons. In an alternative scenario, we assess the optimal R&D efforts for the PV and wind sectors based on a 7% R&D to sales benchmark that is typical for engineering sectors. If public R&D efforts would increase according to this benchmark, and hence compensate for the private underinvestments in R&D, pull/push ratios between 6 and 8 could be achieved. This leads us to conclude that the current balance between deployment and R&D is far from optimal.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
journal title
RENEWABLE ENERGY
editor
AAM Sayigh and Bahram Moshfegh
volume
61
pages
33 - 37
publisher
Elsevier
conference name
World Renewable Energy Congress
conference location
Linköping, Sweden
conference start
2011-05-08
conference end
2011-05-16
ISSN
0960-1481
IS:ID
to be confirmed
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2109051
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2109051
date created
2012-05-16 16:34:54
date last changed
2013-09-12 10:22:50
@article{2109051,
  abstract     = {Successful technological innovation frameworks are based on synergistic packages of technology push and demand pull measures. As the massive deployment of premature renewable energy technologies risks becoming very expensive, the debate on the optimal trajectory of renewable technologies should explicitly consider the balance between deployment incentives and R\&D efforts. This paper explores this balance regarding wind and PV technology support in Europe. Based on rather conservative estimates, we calculate future deployment costs and compare these figures to the current public investments in PV and wind R\&D. We find that, today, for each Euro spent on R\&D to develop future technologies, 35 to 41 Euros are spent on the deployment of existing technologies. Furthermore, private PV and wind technology companies tend to underinvest in R\&D for various reasons. In an alternative scenario, we assess the optimal R\&D efforts for the PV and wind sectors based on a 7\% R\&D to sales benchmark that is typical for engineering sectors. If public R\&D efforts would increase according to this benchmark, and hence compensate for the private underinvestments in R\&D, pull/push ratios between 6 and 8 could be achieved. This leads us to conclude that the current balance between deployment and R\&D is far from optimal.},
  author       = {Laleman, Ruben and Albrecht, Johan},
  editor       = {Sayigh, AAM and Moshfegh, Bahram},
  issn         = {0960-1481},
  journal      = {RENEWABLE ENERGY},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Link{\"o}ping, Sweden},
  pages        = {33--37},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  title        = {Comparing push and pull measures for PV and wind in Europe},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Laleman, Ruben, and Johan Albrecht. 2014. “Comparing Push and Pull Measures for PV and Wind in Europe.” Ed. AAM Sayigh and Bahram Moshfegh. Renewable Energy 61: 33–37.
APA
Laleman, R., & Albrecht, J. (2014). Comparing push and pull measures for PV and wind in Europe. (A. Sayigh & B. Moshfegh, Eds.)RENEWABLE ENERGY, 61, 33–37. Presented at the World Renewable Energy Congress.
Vancouver
1.
Laleman R, Albrecht J. Comparing push and pull measures for PV and wind in Europe. Sayigh A, Moshfegh B, editors. RENEWABLE ENERGY. Elsevier; 2014;61:33–7.
MLA
Laleman, Ruben, and Johan Albrecht. “Comparing Push and Pull Measures for PV and Wind in Europe.” Ed. AAM Sayigh & Bahram Moshfegh. RENEWABLE ENERGY 61 (2014): 33–37. Print.