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SOS : a screening instrument to identify children with handwriting impairments

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Abstract
Poor handwriting has been shown to be associated with developmental disorders such as Developmental Coordination Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, autism, and learning disorders. Handwriting difficulties could lead to academic underachievement and poor self-esteem. Therapeutic intervention has been shown to be effective in treating children with poor handwriting, making early identification critical. The SOS test (Systematic Screening for Handwriting Difficulties) has been developed for this purpose. A child copies a sample of writing within 5 min. Handwriting quality is evaluated using six criteria and writing speed is measured. The Dutch SOS test was administered to 860 Flemish children (7-12 years). Inter-and intrarater reliability was excellent. Test-retest reliability was moderate. A correlation coefficient of 0.70 between SOS and "Concise Assessment Methods of Children Handwriting" test (Dutch version) confirmed convergent validity. The SOS allowed discrimination between typically developing children and children in special education, males and females, and different age groups.
Keywords
PRODUCT, DISABILITIES, SUPPORT, handwriting difficulties, Dysgraphia, reliability, validity, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, SKILLS, DEVELOPMENTAL COORDINATION DISORDER

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Citation

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MLA
Van Waelvelde, Hilde et al. “SOS : a Screening Instrument to Identify Children with Handwriting Impairments.” PHYSICAL & OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN PEDIATRICS 32.3 (2012): 306–319. Print.
APA
Van Waelvelde, H., Hellinckx, T., Peersman, W., & Smits-Engelsman, B. C. (2012). SOS : a screening instrument to identify children with handwriting impairments. PHYSICAL & OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN PEDIATRICS, 32(3), 306–319.
Chicago author-date
Van Waelvelde, Hilde, Tinneke Hellinckx, Wim Peersman, and Bouwien CM Smits-Engelsman. 2012. “SOS : a Screening Instrument to Identify Children with Handwriting Impairments.” Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics 32 (3): 306–319.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Waelvelde, Hilde, Tinneke Hellinckx, Wim Peersman, and Bouwien CM Smits-Engelsman. 2012. “SOS : a Screening Instrument to Identify Children with Handwriting Impairments.” Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics 32 (3): 306–319.
Vancouver
1.
Van Waelvelde H, Hellinckx T, Peersman W, Smits-Engelsman BC. SOS : a screening instrument to identify children with handwriting impairments. PHYSICAL & OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN PEDIATRICS. 2012;32(3):306–19.
IEEE
[1]
H. Van Waelvelde, T. Hellinckx, W. Peersman, and B. C. Smits-Engelsman, “SOS : a screening instrument to identify children with handwriting impairments,” PHYSICAL & OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN PEDIATRICS, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 306–319, 2012.
@article{2103056,
  abstract     = {Poor handwriting has been shown to be associated with developmental disorders such as Developmental Coordination Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, autism, and learning disorders. Handwriting difficulties could lead to academic underachievement and poor self-esteem. Therapeutic intervention has been shown to be effective in treating children with poor handwriting, making early identification critical. The SOS test (Systematic Screening for Handwriting Difficulties) has been developed for this purpose. A child copies a sample of writing within 5 min. Handwriting quality is evaluated using six criteria and writing speed is measured. The Dutch SOS test was administered to 860 Flemish children (7-12 years). Inter-and intrarater reliability was excellent. Test-retest reliability was moderate. A correlation coefficient of 0.70 between SOS and "Concise Assessment Methods of Children Handwriting" test (Dutch version) confirmed convergent validity. The SOS allowed discrimination between typically developing children and children in special education, males and females, and different age groups.},
  author       = {Van Waelvelde, Hilde and Hellinckx, Tinneke and Peersman, Wim and Smits-Engelsman, Bouwien CM},
  issn         = {0194-2638},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL & OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN PEDIATRICS},
  keywords     = {PRODUCT,DISABILITIES,SUPPORT,handwriting difficulties,Dysgraphia,reliability,validity,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,SKILLS,DEVELOPMENTAL COORDINATION DISORDER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {306--319},
  title        = {SOS : a screening instrument to identify children with handwriting impairments},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01942638.2012.678971},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2012},
}

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