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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and estrogenic compounds in experimental flue gas streams

W MUTHUMBI, PASCALE DE BOEVER UGent, Jan Pieters UGent, Steven Siciliano, W D'HOOGE and Willy Verstraete UGent (2003) JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY. 32(2). p.417-422
abstract
The importance of combustion processes as a source of substances with estrogenic activity in the environment was investigated. Wood (nontreated and treated with wood preservatives), barbecue charcoal, meat, and kitchen waste were combusted in a laboratory-scale incinerator. Flue gas emissions (particulates and gaseous pollutants) were trapped in polyurethane foam cartridges. The cartridges were subjected to Soxhlet extraction and part of the extracts redissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) for analyses of estrogenic activity by means of the yeast-based human estrogen receptor (hER) bioassay. A synthetic estrogen, 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2), was used as the reference estrogenic compound. Part of the extracts was analyzed for the 16 USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Estrogenic compounds in the flue gas (wood) were as high as 234 +/- 25 ng m(-3) EE2 equivalent compared with 27 to 81 ng m(-3) EE2 equivalent in flue gas from combustion of barbecue charcoal. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in both flue gas streams were in the range of 21000 +/- 2000 and 240 +/- 110 ng m(-3), respectively. In general, the concentrations of EE2 equivalent in the flue gas samples were at least a factor of 1000 lower than total PAH concentration. The EE2 levels were not related to the concentration of PAHs in any flue gas sample.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
journal title
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
J. Environ. Qual.
volume
32
issue
2
pages
417-422 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000181618300004
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.682 (2003)
JCR rank
28/131 (2003)
JCR quartile
1 (2003)
ISSN
0047-2425
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
210249
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-210249
date created
2004-04-13 12:01:00
date last changed
2010-02-25 10:56:44
@article{210249,
  abstract     = {The importance of combustion processes as a source of substances with estrogenic activity in the environment was investigated. Wood (nontreated and treated with wood preservatives), barbecue charcoal, meat, and kitchen waste were combusted in a laboratory-scale incinerator. Flue gas emissions (particulates and gaseous pollutants) were trapped in polyurethane foam cartridges. The cartridges were subjected to Soxhlet extraction and part of the extracts redissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) for analyses of estrogenic activity by means of the yeast-based human estrogen receptor (hER) bioassay. A synthetic estrogen, 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2), was used as the reference estrogenic compound. Part of the extracts was analyzed for the 16 USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Estrogenic compounds in the flue gas (wood) were as high as 234 +/- 25 ng m(-3) EE2 equivalent compared with 27 to 81 ng m(-3) EE2 equivalent in flue gas from combustion of barbecue charcoal. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in both flue gas streams were in the range of 21000 +/- 2000 and 240 +/- 110 ng m(-3), respectively. In general, the concentrations of EE2 equivalent in the flue gas samples were at least a factor of 1000 lower than total PAH concentration. The EE2 levels were not related to the concentration of PAHs in any flue gas sample.},
  author       = {MUTHUMBI, W and DE BOEVER, PASCALE and Pieters, Jan and Siciliano, Steven and D'HOOGE, W and Verstraete, Willy},
  issn         = {0047-2425},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {417--422},
  title        = {Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and estrogenic compounds in experimental flue gas streams},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2003},
}

Chicago
MUTHUMBI, W, PASCALE DE BOEVER, Jan Pieters, Steven Siciliano, W D’HOOGE, and Willy Verstraete. 2003. “Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Estrogenic Compounds in Experimental Flue Gas Streams.” Journal of Environmental Quality 32 (2): 417–422.
APA
MUTHUMBI, W., DE BOEVER, P., Pieters, J., Siciliano, S., D’HOOGE, W., & Verstraete, W. (2003). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and estrogenic compounds in experimental flue gas streams. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, 32(2), 417–422.
Vancouver
1.
MUTHUMBI W, DE BOEVER P, Pieters J, Siciliano S, D’HOOGE W, Verstraete W. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and estrogenic compounds in experimental flue gas streams. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY. 2003;32(2):417–22.
MLA
MUTHUMBI, W, PASCALE DE BOEVER, Jan Pieters, et al. “Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Estrogenic Compounds in Experimental Flue Gas Streams.” JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 32.2 (2003): 417–422. Print.