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Active living neighborhoods: is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?

Femke De Meester UGent, Delfien Van Dyck UGent, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent, Benedicte Deforche UGent, James F Sallis and Greet Cardon UGent (2012) BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 12.
abstract
Background: In adult research, neighborhood walkability has been acknowledged as an important construct among the built environmental correlates of physical activity. Research into this association has only recently been extended to adolescents and the current empirical evidence is not consistent. This study investigated whether neighborhood walkability and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with physical activity among Belgian adolescents and whether the association between neighborhood walkability and physical activity is moderated by neighborhood SES and gender. Methods: In Ghent (Belgium), 32 neighborhoods were selected based on GIS-based walkability and SES derived from census data. In total, 637 adolescents (aged 13-15 year, 49.6% male) participated in the study. Physical activity was assessed using accelerometers and the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire. To analyze the associations between neighborhood walkability, neighborhood SES and individual physical activity, multivariate multi-level regression analyses were conducted. Results: Only in low-SES neighborhoods, neighborhood walkability was positively associated with accelerometer-based moderate to vigorous physical activity and the average activity level expressed in counts/minute. For active transport to and from school, cycling for transport during leisure time and sport during leisure time no association with neighborhood walkability nor, with neighborhood SES was found. For walking for transport during leisure time a negative association with neighborhood SES was found. Gender did not moderate the associations of neighborhood walkability and SES with adolescent physical activity. Conclusions: Neighborhood walkability was related to accelerometer-based physical activity only among adolescent boys and girls living in low-SES neighborhoods. The relation of built environment to adolescent physical activity may depend on the context.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY BEHAVIOR, BODY-MASS INDEX, GIRLS, HEALTH, SCHOOL, CHILDREN, YOUTH, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS
journal title
BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
BMC Public Health
volume
12
article_number
7
pages
12 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000300289100001
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
2.076 (2012)
JCR rank
55/157 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
1471-2458
DOI
10.1186/1471-2458-12-7
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
2101862
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2101862
date created
2012-05-08 15:17:41
date last changed
2012-05-08 15:37:11
@article{2101862,
  abstract     = {Background: In adult research, neighborhood walkability has been acknowledged as an important construct among the built environmental correlates of physical activity. Research into this association has only recently been extended to adolescents and the current empirical evidence is not consistent. This study investigated whether neighborhood walkability and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with physical activity among Belgian adolescents and whether the association between neighborhood walkability and physical activity is moderated by neighborhood SES and gender. 
Methods: In Ghent (Belgium), 32 neighborhoods were selected based on GIS-based walkability and SES derived from census data. In total, 637 adolescents (aged 13-15 year, 49.6\% male) participated in the study. Physical activity was assessed using accelerometers and the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire. To analyze the associations between neighborhood walkability, neighborhood SES and individual physical activity, multivariate multi-level regression analyses were conducted. 
Results: Only in low-SES neighborhoods, neighborhood walkability was positively associated with accelerometer-based moderate to vigorous physical activity and the average activity level expressed in counts/minute. For active transport to and from school, cycling for transport during leisure time and sport during leisure time no association with neighborhood walkability nor, with neighborhood SES was found. For walking for transport during leisure time a negative association with neighborhood SES was found. Gender did not moderate the associations of neighborhood walkability and SES with adolescent physical activity. 
Conclusions: Neighborhood walkability was related to accelerometer-based physical activity only among adolescent boys and girls living in low-SES neighborhoods. The relation of built environment to adolescent physical activity may depend on the context.},
  articleno    = {7},
  author       = {De Meester, Femke and Van Dyck, Delfien and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte and Sallis, James F and Cardon, Greet},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY BEHAVIOR,BODY-MASS INDEX,GIRLS,HEALTH,SCHOOL,CHILDREN,YOUTH,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {Active living neighborhoods: is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-7},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
De Meester, Femke, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, James F Sallis, and Greet Cardon. 2012. “Active Living Neighborhoods: Is Neighborhood Walkability a Key Element for Belgian Adolescents?” Bmc Public Health 12.
APA
De Meester, F., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Sallis, J. F., & Cardon, G. (2012). Active living neighborhoods: is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents? BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 12.
Vancouver
1.
De Meester F, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Cardon G. Active living neighborhoods: is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents? BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2012;12.
MLA
De Meester, Femke, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. “Active Living Neighborhoods: Is Neighborhood Walkability a Key Element for Belgian Adolescents?” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 12 (2012): n. pag. Print.