Advanced search
1 file | 7.24 MB Add to list

Active living neighborhoods : is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?

Author
Organization
Abstract
Background: In adult research, neighborhood walkability has been acknowledged as an important construct among the built environmental correlates of physical activity. Research into this association has only recently been extended to adolescents and the current empirical evidence is not consistent. This study investigated whether neighborhood walkability and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with physical activity among Belgian adolescents and whether the association between neighborhood walkability and physical activity is moderated by neighborhood SES and gender. Methods: In Ghent (Belgium), 32 neighborhoods were selected based on GIS-based walkability and SES derived from census data. In total, 637 adolescents (aged 13-15 year, 49.6% male) participated in the study. Physical activity was assessed using accelerometers and the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire. To analyze the associations between neighborhood walkability, neighborhood SES and individual physical activity, multivariate multi-level regression analyses were conducted. Results: Only in low-SES neighborhoods, neighborhood walkability was positively associated with accelerometer-based moderate to vigorous physical activity and the average activity level expressed in counts/minute. For active transport to and from school, cycling for transport during leisure time and sport during leisure time no association with neighborhood walkability nor, with neighborhood SES was found. For walking for transport during leisure time a negative association with neighborhood SES was found. Gender did not moderate the associations of neighborhood walkability and SES with adolescent physical activity. Conclusions: Neighborhood walkability was related to accelerometer-based physical activity only among adolescent boys and girls living in low-SES neighborhoods. The relation of built environment to adolescent physical activity may depend on the context.
Keywords
BODY-MASS INDEX, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY BEHAVIOR, GIRLS, HEALTH, SCHOOL, CHILDREN, YOUTH, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS

Downloads

  • de meester active living neighborhoods.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 7.24 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
De Meester, Femke et al. “Active Living Neighborhoods : Is Neighborhood Walkability a Key Element for Belgian Adolescents?” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 12 (2012): n. pag. Print.
APA
De Meester, F., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Sallis, J. F., & Cardon, G. (2012). Active living neighborhoods : is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents? BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 12.
Chicago author-date
De Meester, Femke, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, James F Sallis, and Greet Cardon. 2012. “Active Living Neighborhoods : Is Neighborhood Walkability a Key Element for Belgian Adolescents?” Bmc Public Health 12.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Meester, Femke, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, James F Sallis, and Greet Cardon. 2012. “Active Living Neighborhoods : Is Neighborhood Walkability a Key Element for Belgian Adolescents?” Bmc Public Health 12.
Vancouver
1.
De Meester F, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Cardon G. Active living neighborhoods : is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents? BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2012;12.
IEEE
[1]
F. De Meester, D. Van Dyck, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, B. Deforche, J. F. Sallis, and G. Cardon, “Active living neighborhoods : is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?,” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 12, 2012.
@article{2101862,
  abstract     = {Background: In adult research, neighborhood walkability has been acknowledged as an important construct among the built environmental correlates of physical activity. Research into this association has only recently been extended to adolescents and the current empirical evidence is not consistent. This study investigated whether neighborhood walkability and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with physical activity among Belgian adolescents and whether the association between neighborhood walkability and physical activity is moderated by neighborhood SES and gender. 
Methods: In Ghent (Belgium), 32 neighborhoods were selected based on GIS-based walkability and SES derived from census data. In total, 637 adolescents (aged 13-15 year, 49.6% male) participated in the study. Physical activity was assessed using accelerometers and the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire. To analyze the associations between neighborhood walkability, neighborhood SES and individual physical activity, multivariate multi-level regression analyses were conducted. 
Results: Only in low-SES neighborhoods, neighborhood walkability was positively associated with accelerometer-based moderate to vigorous physical activity and the average activity level expressed in counts/minute. For active transport to and from school, cycling for transport during leisure time and sport during leisure time no association with neighborhood walkability nor, with neighborhood SES was found. For walking for transport during leisure time a negative association with neighborhood SES was found. Gender did not moderate the associations of neighborhood walkability and SES with adolescent physical activity. 
Conclusions: Neighborhood walkability was related to accelerometer-based physical activity only among adolescent boys and girls living in low-SES neighborhoods. The relation of built environment to adolescent physical activity may depend on the context.},
  articleno    = {7},
  author       = {De Meester, Femke and Van Dyck, Delfien and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte and Sallis, James F and Cardon, Greet},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {BODY-MASS INDEX,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY BEHAVIOR,GIRLS,HEALTH,SCHOOL,CHILDREN,YOUTH,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {Active living neighborhoods : is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-7},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: