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Cale Gar (Kasa Area) and votives, favissae and cave deposits in pre-Islamic and Islamic traditions

Bruno Overlaet (UGent)
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Abstract
The possibility that the Chale Ghar caves with their votive offerings are related to a rain-making cult is explored by comparison with Islamic traditions. The site is further compared with Iron Age sites in Luristan, in particular with the Sangtarashan finds, the Kalmakarreh cave and the Surkh Dum-i Luri shrine. It is suggested that the finds at Sangtarashan and Kalmakarreh are favissae. This custom is well documented at Surkh Dum-i Luri. Although there are strong indications that some of the finds at Chale Ghar are favissa deposits (groups of relocated votives covered up with stones), the caves must have been a cult place that was also used for individual offerings.
Keywords
Chale Ghar, favissa, Kalmakarreh, Sangtarashan, rain-making, Iran, Surkh Dum-i Luri, Luristan

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Citation

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Chicago
Overlaet, Bruno. 2012. “Cale Gar (Kasa Area) and Votives, Favissae and Cave Deposits in pre-Islamic and Islamic Traditions.” Archaeologische Mitteilungen Aus Iran Und Turan 43 (2011).
APA
Overlaet, B. (2012). Cale Gar (Kasa Area) and votives, favissae and cave deposits in pre-Islamic and Islamic traditions. ARCHAEOLOGISCHE MITTEILUNGEN AUS IRAN UND TURAN, 43(2011).
Vancouver
1.
Overlaet B. Cale Gar (Kasa Area) and votives, favissae and cave deposits in pre-Islamic and Islamic traditions. ARCHAEOLOGISCHE MITTEILUNGEN AUS IRAN UND TURAN. 2012;43(2011).
MLA
Overlaet, Bruno. “Cale Gar (Kasa Area) and Votives, Favissae and Cave Deposits in pre-Islamic and Islamic Traditions.” ARCHAEOLOGISCHE MITTEILUNGEN AUS IRAN UND TURAN 43.2011 (2012): n. pag. Print.
@article{2097427,
  abstract     = {The possibility that the Chale Ghar caves with their votive offerings are related to a rain-making cult is explored by comparison with Islamic traditions. The site is further compared with Iron Age sites in Luristan, in particular with the Sangtarashan finds, the Kalmakarreh cave and the Surkh Dum-i Luri shrine. It is suggested that the finds at Sangtarashan and Kalmakarreh are favissae. This custom is well documented at Surkh Dum-i Luri. Although there are strong indications that some of the finds at Chale Ghar are favissa deposits (groups of relocated votives covered up with stones), the caves must have been a cult place that was also used for individual offerings.},
  author       = {Overlaet, Bruno},
  issn         = {1434-2758},
  journal      = {ARCHAEOLOGISCHE MITTEILUNGEN AUS IRAN UND TURAN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2011},
  pages        = {28},
  title        = {Cale Gar (Kasa Area) and votives, favissae and cave deposits in pre-Islamic and Islamic traditions},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2012},
}