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Influence of mycotoxins and a mycotoxin adsorbing agent on the oral bioavailability of commonly used antibiotics in pigs

Joline Goossens, Virginie Vandenbroucke (UGent) , Frank Pasmans (UGent) , Siegrid De Baere (UGent) , Mathias Devreese (UGent) , Ann Osselaere (UGent) , Elin Verbrugghe (UGent) , Freddy Haesebrouck (UGent) , Sarah De Saeger (UGent) , Mia Eeckhout (UGent) , et al.
(2012) TOXINS. 4(4). p.281-295
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Abstract
It is recognized that mycotoxins can cause a variety of adverse health effects in animals, including altered gastrointestinal barrier function. It is the aim of the present study to determine whether mycotoxin-contaminated diets can alter the oral bioavailability of the antibiotics doxycycline and paromomycin in pigs, and whether a mycotoxin adsorbing agent included into diets interacts with those antibiotics. Experiments were conducted with pigs utilizing diets that contained blank feed, mycotoxin-contaminated feed (T-2 toxin or deoxynivalenol), mycotoxin-contaminated feed supplemented with a glucomannan mycotoxin binder, or blank feed supplemented with mycotoxin binder. Diets with T-2 toxin and binder or deoxynivalenol and binder induced increased plasma concentrations of doxycycline administered as single bolus in pigs compared to diets containing blank feed. These results suggest that complex interactions may occur between mycotoxins, mycotoxin binders, and antibiotics which could alter antibiotic bioavailability. This could have consequences for animal toxicity, withdrawal time for oral antibiotics, or public health.
Keywords
mycotoxin binder, mycotoxins, antibiotics, pigs, interaction, safety testing, FUSARIUM MYCOTOXINS, ANIMAL FEED, YOUNG-PIGS, DEOXYNIVALENOL, OCHRATOXIN, ABSORPTION, DOXYCYCLINE, PHARMACOKINETICS, OXYTETRACYCLINE, METABOLISM

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Chicago
Goossens, Joline, Virginie Vandenbroucke, Frank Pasmans, Siegrid De Baere, Mathias Devreese, Ann Osselaere, Elin Verbrugghe, et al. 2012. “Influence of Mycotoxins and a Mycotoxin Adsorbing Agent on the Oral Bioavailability of Commonly Used Antibiotics in Pigs.” Toxins 4 (4): 281–295.
APA
Goossens, Joline, Vandenbroucke, V., Pasmans, F., De Baere, S., Devreese, M., Osselaere, A., Verbrugghe, E., et al. (2012). Influence of mycotoxins and a mycotoxin adsorbing agent on the oral bioavailability of commonly used antibiotics in pigs. TOXINS, 4(4), 281–295.
Vancouver
1.
Goossens J, Vandenbroucke V, Pasmans F, De Baere S, Devreese M, Osselaere A, et al. Influence of mycotoxins and a mycotoxin adsorbing agent on the oral bioavailability of commonly used antibiotics in pigs. TOXINS. 2012;4(4):281–95.
MLA
Goossens, Joline, Virginie Vandenbroucke, Frank Pasmans, et al. “Influence of Mycotoxins and a Mycotoxin Adsorbing Agent on the Oral Bioavailability of Commonly Used Antibiotics in Pigs.” TOXINS 4.4 (2012): 281–295. Print.
@article{2091479,
  abstract     = {It is recognized that mycotoxins can cause a variety of adverse health effects in animals, including altered gastrointestinal barrier function. It is the aim of the present study to determine whether mycotoxin-contaminated diets can alter the oral bioavailability of the antibiotics doxycycline and paromomycin in pigs, and whether a mycotoxin adsorbing agent included into diets interacts with those antibiotics. Experiments were conducted with pigs utilizing diets that contained blank feed, mycotoxin-contaminated feed (T-2 toxin or deoxynivalenol), mycotoxin-contaminated feed supplemented with a glucomannan mycotoxin binder, or blank feed supplemented with mycotoxin binder. Diets with T-2 toxin and binder or deoxynivalenol and binder induced increased plasma concentrations of doxycycline administered as single bolus in pigs compared to diets containing blank feed. These results suggest that complex interactions may occur between mycotoxins, mycotoxin binders, and antibiotics which could alter antibiotic bioavailability. This could have consequences for animal toxicity, withdrawal time for oral antibiotics, or public health.},
  author       = {Goossens, Joline and Vandenbroucke, Virginie and Pasmans, Frank and De Baere, Siegrid and Devreese, Mathias and Osselaere, Ann and Verbrugghe, Elin and Haesebrouck, Freddy and De Saeger, Sarah and Eeckhout, Mia and Audenaert, Kris and Haesaert, Geert and De Backer, Patrick and Croubels, Siska},
  issn         = {2072-6651},
  journal      = {TOXINS},
  keyword      = {mycotoxin binder,mycotoxins,antibiotics,pigs,interaction,safety testing,FUSARIUM MYCOTOXINS,ANIMAL FEED,YOUNG-PIGS,DEOXYNIVALENOL,OCHRATOXIN,ABSORPTION,DOXYCYCLINE,PHARMACOKINETICS,OXYTETRACYCLINE,METABOLISM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {281--295},
  title        = {Influence of mycotoxins and a mycotoxin adsorbing agent on the oral bioavailability of commonly used antibiotics in pigs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins4040281},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2012},
}

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