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A tale of two world capitals: the internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet

Wouter Van Acker UGent and Geert Somsen (2012) REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D HISTOIRE. 90(4). p.1389-1409
abstract
The years before the First World War saw several proposals to establish a “World Capital” in one of Europe’s smaller nations. Such proposals were transnational in at least three senses. They aimed to bring all international organizations and movements together; they hinged on international support; and they planned to concentrate all transnational traffic in one centre. At the same time, these grand projects often had nationalist intentions too, trying to advance their home country into a stronger international position. In this article we analyse the relationship between transnational and national dimensions by looking at two elaborate plans: the “World Capital”, proposed by the Dutch physician Pieter Eijkman (1862–1914) to be built near The Hague; and the “Cité Mondiale” which the Belgian bibliographer and internationalist Paul Otlet (1868–1944) wanted to establish near Brussels. By comparing both projects and their mutual competition, we probe the combination of transnational and national ideology and opportunism
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
capital city, Utopia, Pieter Eijkman, Paul Otlet, internationalism
journal title
REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D HISTOIRE
Rev. Belg. Philol. Hist.
editor
Daniel Laqua, Christophe Verbruggen UGent and Gita Deneckere UGent
volume
90
issue
4
issue title
Beyond Belgium : encounters, exchanges and entanglements, 1900-1925
pages
1389 - 1409
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000321398400015
ISSN
0035-0818
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2088297
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2088297
date created
2012-04-17 13:31:23
date last changed
2014-04-16 16:27:12
@article{2088297,
  abstract     = {The years before the First World War saw several proposals to establish a {\textquotedblleft}World Capital{\textquotedblright} in one of Europe{\textquoteright}s smaller nations. Such proposals were transnational in at least three senses. They aimed to bring all international organizations and movements together; they hinged on international support; and they planned to concentrate all transnational traffic in one centre. At the same time, these grand projects often had nationalist intentions too, trying to advance their home country into a stronger international position. In this article we analyse the relationship between transnational and national dimensions by looking at two elaborate plans: the {\textquotedblleft}World Capital{\textquotedblright}, proposed by the Dutch physician Pieter Eijkman (1862--1914) to be built near The Hague; and the {\textquotedblleft}Cit{\'e} Mondiale{\textquotedblright} which the Belgian bibliographer and internationalist Paul Otlet (1868--1944) wanted to establish near Brussels. By comparing both projects and their mutual competition, we probe the combination of transnational and national ideology and opportunism},
  author       = {Van Acker, Wouter and Somsen, Geert},
  editor       = {Laqua, Daniel and Verbruggen, Christophe and Deneckere, Gita},
  issn         = {0035-0818},
  journal      = {REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D HISTOIRE},
  keyword      = {capital city,Utopia,Pieter Eijkman,Paul Otlet,internationalism},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1389--1409},
  title        = {A tale of two world capitals: the internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Van Acker, Wouter, and Geert Somsen. 2012. “A Tale of Two World Capitals: The Internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet.” Ed. Daniel Laqua, Christophe Verbruggen, and Gita Deneckere. Revue Belge De Philologie Et D Histoire 90 (4): 1389–1409.
APA
Van Acker, W., & Somsen, G. (2012). A tale of two world capitals: the internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet. (D. Laqua, C. Verbruggen, & G. Deneckere, Eds.)REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D HISTOIRE, 90(4), 1389–1409.
Vancouver
1.
Van Acker W, Somsen G. A tale of two world capitals: the internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet. Laqua D, Verbruggen C, Deneckere G, editors. REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D HISTOIRE. 2012;90(4):1389–409.
MLA
Van Acker, Wouter, and Geert Somsen. “A Tale of Two World Capitals: The Internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet.” Ed. Daniel Laqua, Christophe Verbruggen, & Gita Deneckere. REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D HISTOIRE 90.4 (2012): 1389–1409. Print.